1. Huanglong Valley Scenic Resort
Huanglong Valley is a calc-sinter ridge. It looks like a dragon, resting on the silver snow-capped mountains. Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area has the typical features of Karst landform. It is the largest-scale Karst landform, with best preservation and various shapes in the world. The clear spring flows down along the snow mountains. There is the splendid beach at Huanglong Valley. It calls Jin Sha Pu Di, which means the land is covered by golden sand. It is the largest calc-sinter flow in the world. There are ponds with unique shapes, such as the Colorful Pond, Zhengyan Pond, etc. There is the largest calc-sinter cave-Xishen Grotto. Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area looks like a golden dragon lingering in the deep valleys. It is really “the Holy Land and the Paradise in the earth”.
The splendid calc-sinter landform wriggles along the primitive forest. Over 3000 ponds scatter in the shape of terraced fields. Those ponds form eight groups of ponds, which look like the scales of the golden dragon. There are rich resources in the main scenic area of Huanglong Valley. Over 3400 ponds scatter in the valley, and the calc-sinter flow with over 80,000 square kilometers lies along the dense forest. The waterfalls and those caves make Huanglong Valley more mysterious. Huanglong has rich resources of plants and animals, too. Therefore, it has been listed as “the protection area of biosphere in the world”. There are national first class protection animals, such as giant pandas, Golden Snub-nosed Monkeys, takins, Clouded Leopards, Lophophorus lhuysii, Chinese Hazel Grouse, etc. There are over 21 kinds of the national second class protection animals, such as small Lesser Pandas, Small Indian civets, lynxes, Steppe cats, etc. Moreover, more than 1500 kinds of original plants grow in Huanglong Valley. As a result, Huanglong Valley becomes the shelter of many plants and animals.
◎ Yingbin Pond
When entering Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area, visitors can see many colorful ponds at their first sights.
Those ponds have different sizes, and scatter in proper orders. Lush trees are lined around the banks of the ponds. In spring time, kinds of flowers, butterflies, birds are all around the ponds. Besides, the paths and pavilions serve as foils to the beautiful natural scenery.
Those ponds are as smooth as mirrors. In good days, the reflections of sun, mountains and tree in the ponds are very colorful. The colorful ponds make people touch the nature closer than before.
◎The great Waterfall—Fei Pu Liu Hui:
After visiting Yingbin Pond, visitors can see a waterfall flows from a rock with the height of over 10 meters and the width of over 60 meters. It flows in tens of steps. In some steps, it looks like a pearl curtain, while in some steps, it looks like water silk.
The cliff at the back of the waterfall is the calc-sinter sedimentation. As the color is golden, the whole waterfall looks very gorgeous. When the sun shines it, it seems like the colorful clouds. It looks as if the pond at the top of the waterfall contains courage and strong life. It leads the waterfall to sing loudly to the nature. As a result, people here can appreciate the natural harmonization of its noise and silence.
Xishen Grotto is the cave under a calc-sinter stone with the width of 40 meters. The whole grotto is one meter in height, and 1.5 meters in width. There are light yellow or milky white Stalactites. It is inspected that the grotto is the drainage of ancient glaciers.
At the entrance of the grotto, there is full of water fog. It is said that the grotto is a place for immortals to take baths. It was said that the immortals always washed away their worldly vulgarity in this grotto before they started to cultivate themselves. And it was also said that unproductive women can get pregnant, after washing in the grotto. Those legends make the grotto more mysterious. Although the story has no scientific proves, some women expect to be pregnant after entering the grotto. Once a French couple entered the grotto without any clothes, in order to be pregnant by the pray of immortals.
The Calc-sinter Land covered by Golden Sand--Jin Sha Pu Di:
Jin Sha Pu Di is the calc-sinter flow with 1500 meters in length and 70~120 meters in width. It is said by experts that Jin Sha Pu Di is the largest calc-sinter flow in the world, which is the most splendid and colorful one as well.
The land is covered with the golden color mainly, together with some milky white, gray, dark green ones. On the surface, there flows shallow water. People can’t help touching themselves deeply in the hearts after seeing the amazing natural scenery.
◎The Ponds of Potted Landscape
At the left of Jin Sha Pu Di, there are over 100 ponds scattering in a proper order. They are called the Ponds of Potted Landscape. The buttons of the ponds have the colors of yellow, white, brown, gray, etc. The surface of the ponds looks as smooth and clear as mirrors. On the banks of the ponds, there are lush trees and grasses. The whole group of ponds seems like a quality suggestive of poetry and painting.
◎ The Mirror Ponds
The Mirror Ponds lies at the left of Jin Sha Pu Di. The whole group has over 80 ponds in total. The ponds are very close to the forest. Therefore, it is very magnificent with the inverted reflection in water. The scenery of the reflection changes at the same time as the season’s change. Especially in fall, the reflection in water changes to the red scenery, as the leaves become red. Some young visitors always regard the ponds as mirrors to make up their clothes. And the Mirror Ponds are the favorite places for photographers.
◎ Colorful Ponds of Azaleas
Colorful Ponds of Azaleas are located at the upper of the Mirror Ponds. The whole group of ponds is covered by lush trees and azaleas. There are over 16 kinds of azaleas at Huanglong Valley. As they have different blossom time, they are in flowers in two periods once a year.
In spring, the flowers are mainly pink, while white in summer. When fall comes, leaves change to red and yellow. Their reflections in water are very gorgeous. In winter, all leaves are frozen with the white snow. Every season has its own fantastic feature and distinct beauty here.
◎ Zhengyan Colorful Ponds
The group of Zhengyan Colorful Ponds is originated from the left of Huanglong Valley. It has totally more than 500 ponds. Thus, it is the largest scale of colorful ponds group at Huanglong Valley. It is also the calc-sinter ponds group with most different colors. It is said by experts that Zhengyan Colorful Ponds are as beautiful as Plitvice, the National Park in Yugoslavia.
Some pond banks are golden, while some are silver. Some ponds look like lotus, some like leaves of lotus; some are so small that can be hidden into one’s sleeves, while some are as big as farm lands.
The water is so clear that withered tree sticks and aquatic plants under the button can be seen clearly. Because the different depth and the different reflections of sunshine, each pond has its own characteristic features. Some are as pure as angels, some are as gorgeous as pictures. Some are silent, some are vigorous.
◎ The Ridge of Sleeping Beauty
The huge ridge seems like a sleeping Tibetan beauty, who wears long traditional Tibetan dress and ornaments. Under blue sky and white clouds, she sleeps as an angel silently and peacefully.
◎ Huanglong Cave
Huanglong Cave lies at 10 meters far from the left of Huanglong Temple. There is a visiting hall, which is 10 meters far from the entrance. The hall is 30 meters in height, 20 meters in width, 50 meters in length, and has an area of over 1000 square meters. There are lots of stalactites in the hall. Three sitting images of Buddha are on the left step of the hall, which were carved in the Ming Dynasty. Their bodies are covered with calc sinter. They are the perfect combination of nature and human arts. In every winter, there are ice rocks, ice waterfalls, etc, so that making a wonderful white picture of ice scenery in the cave.
◎ The Colorful Ponds
The group of the Colorful Ponds is 4166 meters far from Peiyuan Bridge. There are 693 ponds in total, with an area of 21,000 square meters. It is the largest ponds group at Huanglong Valley. The water in those ponds always overflows, because of their lower banks. Those ponds are like green jade plates from far distance. Those ponds appear red or purple with the change of the sunshine. In winter time, most places in Huanglong Valley are covered with white snow. Only in the Colorful Ponds, water is still green as ever. The Colorful Ponds are the essence and the eyes of Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area.
◎ The Flower-spinning Pond
The Flower-spinning Pond is about 10 meters far from the Colorful Ponds, with the total area of 4 square meters. It is hidden by the lush bushes in the high hills. Several springs surge out from the button of the pond, therefore, hundreds of waves spread on the surface. If some flowers or leaves are thrown into the pond, they will turn and spin with different rhythms. During Huanglong Temple Fair, lots of young couples will come to the Flower-spinning Pond to practice divination by throwing flowers or coins.
◎ Huanglong Ancient Temple
It is about 3.5 kilometers far from the entrance of Huanglong Valley. Visitors can rest at the middle temple. According to , Huanglong Temple was the place where Immortal Huanglong cultivated himself. Huanglong Temple was consisted of the front temple, the middle temple and the back temple. Each temple was 2.5 kilometers distance between each other. However, the front temple was destroyed. It only left the relic now. There are five halls in the middle temple, with an area of 1000 square meters. The present Buddha Hall lies at the middle temple. It has the altitude of 3558 meters and the area of 2100 square meters. The images of the eighteen Arahants are preserved well in the Buddha Hall. The buildings of the temple preserve well up till now. As the legend says, a yellow dragon from the East China Sea came to help Dayu in preventing the floods. In order to memorize him, people built the temple. Another tale says that Huanglong, the yellow dragon, built the temple by himself after he became the immortal. There is a statue of the humanized yellow dragon with a yellow Taoist dress in the temple.
Huanglong Temple occupies about 700 square meters. It is a Buddhist temple. It had 5 halls in total, and they are Lingguan Hall, Mile Hall, Tianwang Hall, Dafo Hall and Buddha Hall. And now, there are only Buddha Hall and the eight Arahants left. In the hall, tea, instruments, tourist keepsakes are provided.
The back temple is 2.5 kilometers far away from the middle temple. The temple is very grand and unique. There is a huge dragon picture on the gate of the temple. On the upper of the gate, there is an inscription of “黄龙古寺”. The inscription of “飞阁流丹” on the left, while “山空水碧” on the right.
The hill around Huanglong Temple calls Dragon-hidden Hill. On the peak of Xuebaoding, there are glacier landforms with good development. The temple fair is held every year in the front of Huanglong Temple. The area within one square kilometer at the back of Huanglong Temple is the essential spot at Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area.
At 100 meters far from the back of Huanglong temple, there is Longwang Temple. On every June 15th of the lunar calendar, there is a temple fair. At that time, people of Tibetan, Qiang, Hui and Han nationality come here to celebrate the harvest and pray for the fortune at the temple fair.
1. Sigou Valley Scenic Area
Sigou Valley Scenic Area is 12 kilometers far away from Huanglong Valley. It is a spacious ancient glacier valley. The entrance of the valley is a spacious terrace. Huanglong town lies in this valley.
The altitude of this scenic area is 2700 meters to 4200 meters. The landform here is very changeable. There are high unique peaks topping to the sky. And there are spacious beaches as well. The primitive forests and glaciers keep the original looks from ancient times up till now. Sigou Valley Scenic Area has totally different style with Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area, although it is the closest scenic spot to Huanglong.
The Farmland Scenery
On the plain hillside, there are pieces of farmlands of pink buckwheat and green highland barley. The fence made of round wood extends to the primitive forest along the soil road. Folk Tibetan Dwellings scatter along the soil road in a proper order. Under the light blue smoke, there are groups of cows and sheep. The phenomenon appears as if people lived in the middle age.
Huanglong town is a small town. It lies in the deep mountain. It is very characteristic. The nationality at this town is mainly Han nationality, who settled down here from inner land. In order to fit with Tibetan lives, their customs of residence style and eating now are almost the same as the Tibetan people, after a long time living here. However, for daily customs, they still keep the habit of Han Nationality. So people can see the unique folk custom here. If visitors want to be guests at local people’s home, they are always treated kindly. They are invited to drink a cup of buttered tea, or a bowel of highland barley wine, and then they can go out for a walk along the farmland by riding a horse.
The Relics of Geology
In this area, the main natural scenery is the primitive forest, which was formed in the Fourth Period of the Ice Age. The fountainhead of the valley is made of unique glacial landform and the scenery of earthquake geology. Visitors would be shocked by the huge steps of sudden landslip and some fault rocks. Besides, there is scenery of deserts in high hills. They are the relics of “the concentrated earth movement of Himalaya” in ancient time. It is the paradise for those visitors, who love science and adventure.
The Forest Farmland
The watershed is the spacious grass farmland. Looking over the watershed, visitors can see the splendid lakes formed by glaciers, and the boundless primitive forest, etc. The famous Long’an Horse Path in the northwest of Sichuan passed here. Thus, there are many wide paths left at present. In recent years, visitors generally get off the bus, then ride a horse or walk on foot to enter the valley, so that to enjoy seeing the natural scenery of the primitive forest and grass farmland better.
2. Danyun Valley Scenic Resort
Danyun Valley Scenic Resort is 18 kilometers far away from the east of Huanglong Valley. It is famous for the elegant valley scenery. Danyun Valley is one of the five most famous scenic spots at Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area. It is rich in tree species, bushes, flowers and trees. It is the paradise for plants amateurs.
Danyun Valley Scenic Resort starts at Yusun Peaks, and extends till to the Fan Cave. It is 18.5 kilometers in length and the average height difference is 1300 meters. The height difference between two peaks is 1000 to 2000 meters in general. In winter, the resort is covered with white snow. In summer, it is filled with green trees. In spring, red azaleas blossom all over the valley. In fall time, the red maple leaves cover the whole valley. It looks as if the valley were covered with the red fire cloud from the sky. That is the reason why the valley calls Danyun Valley, which means the valley of the red fire cloud in Chinese. There are fogs rising at the forest almost every day at Danyun Valley. When entering it, people will feel as if they entered a fairyland.
It has dense forest in the valley. Peijiang River, whose fountainhead is from the Xuebaoding Peak, traverses among the unique stones and rocks, as if it were a huge white dragon. If Huanglong Valley is a grand movement of symphony music, Danyun Valley will be a colorful art-gallery.
◎ Prickly Ash Valley
Prickly Ash Valley is the first scenery at Danyun Valley Resort. The reason why it calls Prickly Ash is because prickly ashes grow all over the valley. When entering the area, dense trees stand straightly on the two sides of the road. The flowers blossom in the bushes. Caves and trees are twined with villous wisterias. The scenery looks like a picture of a group of plants stereoscopic sculpture. It becomes more charming when fall comes.
◎ Yusun Cave
Yusun Cave is at the entrance of Danyun Valley, and is 17 kilometers far from Peiyuan Bridge. Looking up at the peaks, they seem as if they were sharpened by swords. Some pine trees and spruces stand on the black cliffs. Lots of peaks stand over the dense forest. The most unique one is Yusun Cave, which looks like a bamboo shoot.
◎ Stone Horse Pass
Stone Horse Pass is 20 kilometers far from Peiyuan Bridge. The name of Stone Horse Pass came from a stone horse on the cliff wall at the button of the valley. The height difference of the two sides of the valley is 4800 meters. Thus there forms a narrow pass between the two sides of the valley. The best position to watch Stone Horse Pass is at Guanjing Pavilion, which lies at the halfway up the hill. At this pavilion, visitors can watch the horse more vividly. The horse stretches its head over the river, as if it were dinking the water from Peijiang River. Its horsehairs look as if they were blown by the wind. The natural image of the stone horse really looks like a relief sculpture.
◎ Squatting-Cat Cave
The cave of squatting cat faces Yusun Cave oppositely. It is very precipitous. There stands a unique stone, and it looks like a squatting cat. Visitors always stop and take a picture with the cat when arriving here.
◎ Brush Pot Hill
There appears a hill of brush pot on the eyes of visitors when entering further into the valley. It is made of countless small peaks. Therefore, it looks like a huge brush pot from a far distance, while like many small brush pots from a close distance. Those big and straight pine trees are like brushes in the pot. There is a natural stone bridge over the cliff. It is twined with ancient villous wisterias and green mosses. It is said that the stone bridge is formed by rain and wind’s eroding. It is a miracle as it still can be used as a bridge after billions of years.
◎ The Moon Cliff
On the left of Brush Pot Hill, there is the Moon Cliff. The cliff is covered with villous wisterias and mosses. Waterfalls flow down along the cliff. It is said that there are many mysterious caves on the cliff.
◎ Lingbin Cave
Because of the large drop of the landform, Peijiang River flows slantingly and has huge sound at Lingbin Cave. It listens as if it was playing a grand movement of symphony music. More amazingly, at the depth of the valley, there is a total different phenomenon. Several small springs flow along the cliff lightly. They gently fall into the button of the valley at last and have tuneful sounds, as if they were played by the traditional Chinese instrument.
In summer, there are dense trees and many springs. In winter, the spot shows an ice world.
◎ Long’an Ancient Path
Danyun Valley was an official path in ancient time. It is the thoroughfare from Pingwu to Songpan. Pingwu produces tea. And tea was sent to Songpan, Ma’erkang and Hongyuan Grassland through this path. Some horses were sent to the inner land through this path, too. Long’an Path was very busy at that time. The merchants felt terrible when passed this path, because of the unique stone and the loud sound of the waterfalls. Now people can still recognize some traces of the ancient path.
◎ White Dragon Valley
Peijiang River traverses the dense forest and drops to the cliff suddenly, because there is a huge pit at the White Dragon Valley. The water falls suddenly from the cliff over a height of10 meters. It therefore becomes the grandest waterfall in Danyun Valley. Walking along the path, visitors can arrive at Guanjing Pavilion. It is very close to watch the waterfall at Guanjing Pavilion. People can’t help being shocked by the loud waterfall sound as they are so close to it. However, it is amazing to see that there is an elegant spring drops down to the cliff near the huge waterfall. It looks like a white ribbon. Huge waterfall and the elegant spring look like a couple staying together day after day.
◎ Zanzibei Waterfall
Peijiang River is stopped by a huge cave here. A branch of Peijiang River turns to southwest when stopped by the cliff at east. Therefore, it makes some river channels and some waterfalls on the huge river bed. There is a stone stele standing on the cliff which was left from ancient time till now.
The stone stele is consisted of the main stele and the assistant stele. It was proved that the stele was carved 1500 years ago.
It was said that in Wanli’s reign in the Ming Dynasty, Wan Bie, the governor of Songpan, was very jealous of the nobles from Songpan. So he swore that he would chop the Dragon Mountains at Songpan. And then people from Songpan would become stupid generation after generation. When he saw the Stele place, he cursed all Songpan people to be stupid and silly from then on. Therefore, after that, there was no Zhuang Yuan (the champions in the civil service examination) any more.
◎ Buddha Cave
Buddha Cave is about 25 kilometers far away from Peiyuan Bridge. Unique peaks stand at both sides of the river. Buddha Cave is the narrowest cave at Danyun Valley Scenic Resort. It has gained a name of “Yi Xian Tian”, which means the cave is as narrow as a thread. The landform here is very precipitous. Ancient people built a Buddha Temple near the cave, in order to been blessed by the Buddha. Therefore, the cave is called Buddha Cave.
◎ Drop Valley
Drop Valley is a branch of Danyun Valley. It has cliffy landform, too. The landform looks like a lying dragon. On the cliff, there are lots of springs, which are like water curtains when flowing together. It is said that the water here can cure any kinds of diseases. Caves in the cliff are mysterious with hundreds of stalactites. It was said that some people saw shining lights at the button of the valley. Mysterious as it is, it is called “Bermuda” in Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area.
◎ Xiaohe Ancient Town
Xiaohe Ancient Town is located at the Xiaohe town, Songpan County. It lies at the back of green hills and faces Peijiang River. It occupies an area of 112,200 square meters. The town was built on the eleventh year of Emperor Hongwu’ reign in the Ming Dynasty. And now it has a history of over 600 hundred years.
The ancient town is the one with best preservation up till now. The wall is 680 meters in length from east to west, 765 meters from south to north. It has a height of 4.45 meters and a thickness of 4.9 meters. There are four gates in the town, which were made of stone slabs with the arch shapes. The walls were built with the dark blue stones. Those buildings make the whole ancient town more serious and simple.
◎ The Fan Cave
The Fan Cave has another name of “Iron Fan Pass”. It has the altitude of 1700 meters. The distance between two cliffs at the two sides is less than 20 meters. It is the narrowest rift of Peijiang Geology Fault. It is also the most important pass at Long’an Ancient Path during the periods of the Tang and Song Dynasty. The cliff here looks like an iron fan, which stops the water of Peijiang River. The water in the narrow cave sounds loudly, as if a dragon was trapped here. Once it flushes out of the cave, it flows quickly forward the river.
3. Mouni Valley Scenic Resort
Mouni Valley Scenic Resort is 36 kilometers far away from the west urban of Songpan County. It is over 300 kilometers far from Chengdu. The resort has an area of 160 square kilometers. The lowest altitude is 2800 meters, while the highest one is 4070 meters. The mean temperature here is 7℃. It is consisted of Zhaga Waterfall and Erdaohai Lake. In this scenic area, it has fresh air and enough sunshine. It is very charming as it has features of waterfalls, colorful ponds, grasslands, pools, springs, caves, etc. Moreover, it is also characterized in the strong folk customs. Therefore, it is a place combining the beauty together with the scenic and historic interest areas of Jiuzhaigou Valley and Huanglong. What’s more, visitors can travel in winter as there is no traffic problem here.
Zhaga Waterfall Scenic Area
Zhaga Waterfall Scenic Area is 5 kilometers in length. The paths traverse through waterfalls and forests. Besides the major waterfall, there are countless small waterfalls scattering over firs and pines. It is a natural labyrinth as water flows among trees while trees grows in the water.
◎ Zhaga Waterfall
Zhaga Waterfall is 93.2 meters in height, and 35~40 meters in width. It is the higgest and largest calc-sinter waterfall in China. The waterfall flows with a speed of 23 meters per second. The huge sound can be heard within several kilometers.
◎ The Folding Waterfalls in the forest
Ponds are piled up together under waterfalls. Walking along the path at the button, visitors can enjoy seeing the Red Willow Lake, Wolong Beach, Toad Palace, the Green Willow Beach, etc.
◎ Jianyu Stage
JIanyu Stage lies at the button of Zhaga Waterfall. It is a round stone stage. When waterfall reaches the stone stage, the water splashes all over. In the sunshine, the drops are as colorful as jades.
◎ Wild Duck Lake
Wide Duck Lake is located at the forest center of Zhaga Scenic Area. It is the paradise for wild ducks, wild gray cranes and other wild waterfowls. Every year, thousands of migratory birds come to rest near the lake.
◎ Ancient Fossil Area
The ancient fossil area lies at the entrance from Sanlian town to Zhaga waterfall and the stone forest. Since it is primitive and close, lots of fossils of ancient plants, animals, and sea creatures didn’t been destroyed at all. They are the treasure house for biologists to study.
◎ The Moon Lake
The Moon Lake is at the halfway up Luoshiling Hill. The water in the lake is very clear. Lush bushes and flowers grow near the lake. When the moon lights up, the water in the lake appears jewelry blue.
◎ The Stone Forest
The Stone Forest is the last spot on the tourist line of Ancient Fossil Area. The stone pillars and stalagmites are in different shapes. Some look like slim beauties, some like brave warriors, some like straight pines, and some like animals.
◎ The Jadeite Spring
The Jadeite Spring is one of the ten famous springs in China. Local people found that the spring water could cure some diseases, such as stomach disease, arthritis, etc. Some of them come here and bring back some water to drink or shower. Magically, people are recovered after drinking or taking shower. Therefore, the spring is regarded as the Holy Spring by local people.
It is tested that the spring contains many kinds of mineral formations, such as zinc, strontium,etc. It is not only the natural drinking spring with good quality, but also of high medical value.
4 Erdaohai Lake Scenic Area
According to , it named Erdaohai Lake because the two lakes combined together and looked like two eyes. It is at the west of Songpan urban area and the back of Ma’anshan Hill. The scenic area is a narrow valley, with the length of 5 kilometers. In the valley, there are lush old trees, thick mosses, and kinds of wild animals. On the way from the entrance to Zhaga Waterfall, lakes and ponds scatter as terraces. When entering this resort, visitors will feel as if they were back to the ancient time.
◎ The Five Ponds
The reason why the ponds call the Five Ponds is because the five ponds are connected together. The Five Ponds are all the ice-bedrock lakes. They are characterized in Karst features with unique stones, the calc-sinter buttons, etc.
◎ Kuashi Cave
Kuashi Cave is next to the Five Ponds. It has an area of about 10 square kilometers. The fossils of animals and plants scatter in the order of altitude’s change. It is a natural fossils museum of wild animals and plants.
◎ Toudaohai Lake
Toudaohai Lake is the first big pond when entering Mouni Valley. Firs, cypress trees grow all over here. The tree fragments form countless amazing phenomenons, after long time calcified.
◎ Swan Lake
It is famous for wild ducks and swans. Some giant pandas, takins, donkeys, deer, blue sheep, etc, come to drink at this lake. The water in this lake appears jewelry blue, and looks like a shining crystal.
◎ Erdaohai Lake
Erdaohai Lake lies at the center of the resort. It has the total area of over 6800 square meters. It is the biggest lake at this scenic area. There are lots of caves under the button of the lake. Water can flow to each lake through those caves. Although it looks peaceful on the surface, it is very torrential under the buttons. The color of the lakes changes as season’s change at the same time.
◎ Ginseng Pond
There is an old tree lies in the lake. It looks like a huge ginseng after long time calcified. And the branches of the tree are calcified as ginseng’s tassels.
◎ Baihua Lake
The turquoise lake water looks unfathomable. The button can be seen clearly even though it is over ten meters in depth. Numerous water grasses grow under the button. And some of them give off the surface. Hundreds of flowers of the water grasses decorate the surface, with the colors of white, golden, blue, etc. In early summer, the lake is covered with blue flowers, while in fall, the whole lake changes to golden color.
◎ The Frogs Kingdom
There is a magic marshland near Baihua Lake. Reeds and wild flowers grow all over the marshland. There live lots of birds and kinds of frogs, toads, etc. The frogs and toads sing all day and all night. So when entering the marshland, visitors can hear the magic songs sung by frogs.
◎ The Pearl Lake
The Peal Lake also names “the lake of boiling pearls”. It occupies over 40 square meters. And it lies at the deepest place at Erdaohai Scenic Area. There are splashing drops on the surface of the lake, because the springs spray out from the button. It looks as if pearls are boiled over the surface. It is said that it was the shower bath of curing diseases for fairy maidens built by Huanglong, the yellow dragon. The temperature in this lake is very high. Even in winter, the temperature is 20℃ in the lake. Near the lake, there is an old pine tree. In every summer, people nearby come to take bath here, in order to get rid of any disease.
◎ The Rhino Nose
Two round halls line together on the bank of the calc-sinter pond. The halls are as big as bowels. They look like the nostrils of the rhino. Clear springs flow out from the halls every few seconds. It is said that if one couple can shake their hands together under the two halls, their marriage will be very happy in the future. Although it is just a tale, many young couples always want to prove whether they can have happy marriage or not.
5. Xuebaoding Scenic Area
Xuebaoding Scenic Area has splendid modern glaciers and lakes, which are well developed. It Is not only the watershed of Minjiang River and Peijiang River, but also the original place of the two rivers.
Near Xuebaoding Peak, there are 3 mountains, whose altitudes are all about 5000 meters. It, together with the three mountains, Huanglong Mountain and Xueshanliang Mountain becomes the southeast screen of Songpan county. The total area is 160 square kilometers. Xuebaoding Peak looks like a grand pyramid. It is the pilgrimage mountain for Tibetan Minority. At this resort, visitors can not only see sights of glaciers, but also feel the region devotion of Tibetan people. Besides, visitors can also feel the pleasure of mountaineering and adventure on the snow peak.
◎ Xuebaoding Peak
Xuebaoding in Tibetan language means the sun of summer and winter. It is the major peak of Minshan Mountain, and has an altitude of 5588 meters.
There is snow on the top of the peak throughout the whole year. Unique rocks are among the highway up the peak. Numerous ravines and ponds scatter all over the mountain. There are 108 bigger ponds at Xuebaoding Peak. The foot of the peak is lined with lush flowers, grasses, bushes, pine trees, etc. Besides, some treasured Chinese medicines grow here, too. And it is also a good place for blue sheep, deer, forest musk deer, etc, to live and breed.
The south, west and north cliffs of Xuebaoding Peak are so high that as if they topped to the sky. In 1986, with the hardworking of Sino-Japanese mountaineers, they finally succeeded in reaching the top of Xuebaoding Peak.
◎ Xueshanliang Mountain
Xueshanliang Mountain is situated at the center of Xuebaoding Scenic Area. It is the fountainhead of Peijiang River. It has the altitude of 4000 meters or so, is the thoroughfare to Huanglong Valley. There are five-color prayer flags on the ridge. The color of blue stands for the sky, yellow for the earth, green for the river, red for the fire, and white for the cloud. The prayer flags are used as tools to send the devotions and pray of the Tibetan people to the nature. The good preservation of Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area has great relationship with the devotion of Bon-po among the Tibetan people. Bon-po regards nature as their god. They believe that wind, rain, thunder, light, mountains, rivers, trees, animals, etc, are all produced by nature. Among the legends of Huanglong, it is said that every mountain has its own god and those mountain gods have their own name, as well.
Xueshanliang Mountain is formed by Karst landform and glaciers. The main spots are Taojin Valley, Zhangjia Valley, Guandao Stone, etc. There are cliffs and caves all over Taojin Valley. In Zhangjia Valley, the glacier lakes are as blue as jewels. It is mysterious at Guandao Stone. Xueshanliang Moutain is not only a tourist interest area, but also a good place on studying Karst landform and modern glaciers.
◎ Huanglong Valley
Huanglong Valley is regarded as the Saint Paradise. It was found by Tibetan people at early time. All Tibetan are devout Buddhists. Pilgrimage is an important affair for them in their life. They always go further in order to find a good place for pilgrimage. And finally, they chose Xuebaoding Peak as their Pilgrimage Mountain, and Huanglong Valley as their Saint Paradise.
◎ The Buddha Sprinkling Waterfall
The Sprinkling Waterfall also calls “Shouting Spring”. It lies at the top of Yucui Peak. The waterfall seldom flows. But if visitors want to see the waterfall, they should shout loudly under the cliff. Amazingly, the water flows out when people shout. Louder shout more water. The water stops flowing at the same time when the shout stops. It is said that pilgrims moved Buddha when they recited scriptures here. Therefore, the Buddha sprinkled saint water to them. That is the reason why the waterfall calls the Buddha Sprinkling Waterfall.
It was researched by experts that this phenomenon happens because of the change of the air pressure.
◎ Huanglong Glacier
Many glaciers flow straightly from the major peak. It looks like a splendid picture with glaciers, dense primitive forest, flowers, grasses, etc. Huanglong Glaciers have the features of danger, precipice, grandness, uniqueness, silence, etc. Those glaciers also show the complete process for forming a glacier.
◎ Snow Crash
When spring comes, snow begins to melt. At that time, thousands of tons of snow crash down to the deep valley. The snow crash flows in a very rapid speed and loud sound. When it happens, the whole mountains will be shaken by the snow crash. And people can hear the huge sound within several kilometers.
◎ Ice Waterfalls
In winter, the huge waterfalls will be frozen in one day. They have different kinds of shapes when frozen. It is very splendid to see that the ice waterfalls shine blue lights in the sunshine.
6 Red-star Cave Scenic Area
Red-star Cave Scenic Area is located at the east of Zhangla Basin, the west of Minshan Mountain. It has a higher altitude. It is characterized in Karst landform and glacier lakes formed by the Fourth Ice Age. Red-star Lake is located at the place with the altitude of 4300 meters. The lake looks like a symmetrical five-star. There is a red cave on the middle of the cliff. It is very mysterious that some red lights still shine even when the whole cave is hidden among the fogs.