Gubeikou Great Wall is absolutely different from Badaling Great Wall for it has undergone no repair or renovation at all, and has kept its original appearance. Through the dilapidated remains of its ancient walls, you will be deeply affected by the sturdiness, majesty and desolation of the Great Wall.
Gubeikou Great Wall, located in Hubeikou Town in the northeast of Miyun County, 120 kilometers from downtown Beijing, is the most complete Great Wall system in the history. It consists of Beiqi Great Wall and Ming Great Wall, mainly including Wohushan Great Wall, Panlongshan Great Wall, Jinshanling Great Wall and Simatai Great Wall. Gubeikou Great Wall now covers a total length of over 40 kilometers and contains sixteen strategic passes, 172 beacon towers, 3 barbicans and 143 watch towers. The famous historical relics include Dahualou beacon tower of Beiqi Great Wall, Wanjing Tower which is the commanding height of Gubeikou Great Wall and Zimeilou Great Wall.
Located between Shanhaiguan Pass and Juyongguan Pass, Gubeikou used to be the place of strategic importance in ancient times. Gubeikou Great Wall witnessed a great many battles happened there, especially in the Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. The Great Wall began to be built in the Northern Qi Dynasty (550-557), which was over 1,500 kilometers long and stretched from Yulin River in Shaanxi Province. It was built out in the Jin and Yuan dynasties. In the Ming Dynasty, Gubeikou Great Wall was lengthened and a number of strategic passes and beacon towers were added. In the year 1567, under the jurisdiction of Qi Jiguang, Gubeikou Great Wall was renovated in a large scale. After that, Gubeikou Great Wall received no renovation until today.
Scenic Spots of Gubeikou Great Wall
Wohushan Great Wall: Wohushan Great Wall is located in Hexi Village in Gubeikou Town of Miyun County, which is 665.2 meters above sea level. It was built in the Ming Dynasty with the full length of 13.6 kilometers, which contains a great many watch towers. Wohushan Great Wall becomes a masterpiece in the history of building Great Walls for its long history, ingenious distribution, steepness and complete facilities.
Panlongshan Great Wall: Located between Simatai Great Wall and Wohushan Great Wall, Panlongshan Great Wall is 5,000 meters long and contains about 40 watch towers. A number of battles used to happen on this Great Wall. Panlongshan Great Wall was of great strategic importance on Gubeikou Great Wall in ancient times, and during ancient battles, once it was captured, the whole Gubeikou Great Wall would be easily captured.
Simatai Great Wall: Located in Gubeikou Town in the northeast of Miyun County, 120 kilometers from downtown Beijing, Simatai Great Wall is 5.4 kilometers long and contains 35 watch towers. Simatai Great Wall has kept its original characteristics since it was built in the Ming Dynasty and it’s the only ancient architectural ruin remaining the original appearance of the Ming Dynasty (1368 AD to 1644 AD). Simatai Great Wall is considered as the highlights of the Great Wall and becomes renowned at home and abroad.
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