Jingshan Park, opposite the northern gate of the Palace Museum was once an imperial garden during the Ming and Qing Dynasties( 1368-1911) and has not opened to public until 1928.
The artificial hill with 5 peaks was built with earth from digging the moat of the Imperial Palace. 5 pavilions with 5 bronze Buddhas were built on each peak in 1751 under emperor Qianlong, however 4 of the Buddhas were removed by the troops of the Allied Expeditionary Force in 1900. By the north upper gate is the Beautiful View Pavilion (qiwanglou) where emperors would pay their respects at an altar to Confucius. Now, it serves as a cultural exhibition venue for paintings, calligraphy and porcelain. The Pavilion of Everlasting Spring (wanchun) on top of the middle hill, used to be the highest point in the city and provides beautiful views of the center of Beijing, the northern district with the Drum and Bell Towers and the Imperial Palace.
Beijing Jingshan Park
You can have a fullview of Forbidden City from Jingshan Park
On the eastern slope is the scholar tree where the last Ming emperor Chongzhen (1628-1644), committed suicide after rebels broke into the Forbidden City. On the northern part of the hill is the Hall of Imperial Longevity (shouhuang), which has been transformed into the Beijing Children's Palace where youngsters can enjoy daily extracurricular activities in dancing, singing, music and art.
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