Botou Mosque, the key historical sites under the state protection, is famous throughout the country for its magnificent building of large scale and unique style. It was originally built in the reign of Hongwu Emperor in Ming Dynasty (from the year of 1368 to 1398), then repaired respectively in the reign of Jianwen, Yongle, and Wanli, especially enlarged in the reign of Chongzhen, becoming a large-scaled ethnic group building.
The front door of the temple is in the west facing the east, with a style duplicated the Wu door of the Forbidden City. Entering the front yard, there are Yi private schools in the south and north respectively, with a two-storey building of 20 meters height called Wangyue building or Dikee building. Through the Wangyue (enjoying the moon) building, in the mid-yard are the affiliated halls in the south and north. Boarding the stairs in the right center is the dedicate flower pavilion, with wooden carvings and calligraphy paintings, whose eaves is protruding, extremely of wooden building characteristic in Ming Dynasty. Passing the door of pavilion is the spacious stairs covered by flowers, with 20 lecturing halls on the two sides, of which the southern lecturing hall is A’wen primary school and the northern one is A’wen college and dormitory of A’ hong (in Persian meaning knowledgeable, i.e. the principle of the Mosque and teachers of “Hailifan” preaching. At the right center of the backyard is the large-scaled preaching hall whose 3 halls of front, middle and back are integrated covering an area of 1950 square kilometers. On the top of the hall eaves are protruding all rounds, with pavilions opposite each other. Some of the part the hall is triangular whose top is six-angled pavilion with a style alike a well supported by wood pillars, which make the hall more holy. Throughout the temple, the pavilions and halls erect each other, encircled by the yards one after another, doorways and stone bridges connecting each other, which make the whole temple symmetrical, harmonious, holy and graceful. Its unique style and building value are precious relics of the whole nation.