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Guandi Temple

Last updated by chinatravel at 2016/4/28


Guandi Temple was built up in the ninth ruling year of Qianlong Empire, Qing dynasty by Shanxihui at the right side of the base of Chaoyang East Pagoda.

The temple accounts for 3900 square meters and its main body is composed of storied Xilou (pavilion for drama performance), Jiuxing Gate, Pailou, Shenma Hall, Yizhang Hall, Guandi Hall, Buddhist Hall, Yaowang Hall, Plutus Hall, as well as the East and the West Matching Halls. Other supporting constructions include Clock Tower, Drum Tower, the East and West Matching Houses, Buddhist Halls and Penthouse, etc. All the halls are made of bricks and wood. Besides, there are three pairs of stone lions, one pair of stone masts, seven monuments of Qing dynasty, two stone pillars with Buddhist scriptures, two stone-carving tassel gates, two stone-carving railings, a pair of Liuliuwangtiansun, one copper Ding (one ancient cooking vessel), a pair of iron lion, and one copper clock, the storied pavilion for drama performance was 100 meters away from the front of the temple, but now it has been destroyed. Lingjiu Gate is made of wood, with a stone pillar outside carved with Apollo on its top and a stone forehead.

The Pailou construction is characterized by four pillars and three towers. The two pillars in the middle are carved, on their front and back sides, with a couplet in regular script. Two stones with the shape of a drum with embossment lie in the front. Shenma Hall is constructed with the style of Yingshan. To be specific, the hall has six rooms, three arranged from the east to the west and the other three arranged from the south to the north in terms of direction. There are eaves and corridors in the front and back of the hall. Yizhang Hall has two rooms at the same direction of the gate. Its structure is the same as that of Shenma Hall but without corridor at the back. Guandi Hall is also in the style of Yingshan. It is wide inside from the left to the right and covered with blue bricks. There are three rooms respectively situated from the east to the west and from the north to the south with a canopy in the front of the hall. The Plutus Hall and Yaowang Hall are located respectively at both sides of the Guangdi Hall. Railings on both sides of the tassel gate in front of Guandi hall is compose of standing pillars and fence columns. The standing pillars are square with carvings of beast. The fronts of fence columns are decorated with embossment of beasts, and pictures of Febabao and bajixiang (traditional signs representing good luck and fortune) on eighteen folds. There are three matching halls in the east and west respectively in the style of Yingshan, with two rooms situated in the same direction of the hall gate. The clock tower is not existed any more but one flag pole. In 1976, the flag pole was broken only with a base left there. The base of East Pagoda, as one of the three pagodas in Chaoyang, is retained in the eastern part of Guangdi Temple. From the shape of the pagoda base we can see that the East pagoda is square. The “Scriptures of Wugou Jingguang Datuoluo Nifashede Pagoda” unearthed from the under-ground palace is still retained in the temple. According to the record of scriptures, Guandi Temple in Liao Empire was also a temple but called Linggan Temple. In Yuan dynasty, it was renamed as Datongfa Temple. It was then abandoned in Ming dynasty and reestablished as Guandi Temple in the early period of Qing dynasty. Later Guandi Temple was repaired and improved in the ruling period of Jiaqing, Tongzhi, Daoguang, and Guangxu Empire. In the 22nd year of Republic of China, the shrines for commemorating generals of Wu and Mu families were set in the temple whose name was then changed and retained as Guandi Temple. It is recorded by Chaoyang County Annals that there were a lot of towering ancient trees with many magpie living on them; the magpies sang together in the morning and at the afternoon as if they were pilgrimaging immortals.

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ourists can take a taxi to Guandi Temple.

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