Last updated by chinatravel at 2014/10/30
In 1689 (the 37th ruling year of Kangxi Empire), Zhuo Erji, a Lama from Baima Temple in Beijing, went to Liaoxi and looked for a location for constructing a temple there. He got ratification from the then emperor and started the project next year. Eight years later when the temple was completed, Kangxi Emperor obliged it a name “Youshun Temple” together with a sandalwood Buddhist Statue. Youshun Temple was favored by the then empire of the early Qing dynasty. It is said that the Emperor Qianlong once took a rest here during his journey for ancestor worship in Shengjing, and left an inscription on a stele which read “Real Sense and Wonderful Scene”.
Youshun Temple takes up an area of over 10,000 square meters. Its original construction acreage was 4100 square meters and now is reduced to 3800 square meters. The integral layout of the temple is symmetric with central axes. The main component constructions spread from the south to the north, namely, Mountain Gate, Tianwang Hall, Scripture Cabinet, Daxiong Treasure Hall, Gengyi Hall, and Houdian Hall. The rest constructions are symmetric from the left to the right and they are the East and West Ring Houses, Drama Pavilion, Guandi Temple, Drum Tower and Clock Tower, the East and West Matching Houses, the East and West Matching Halls, and the East and West Scripture Halls. Youshun Temple is characterized by diversified construction styles, such as Yingshan style, Xieshan Style, and Wulang Style, featuring precise structures and elegant decorations. Daxiong Treasure Hall is the major construction of Youshun Temple. It accounts for 600 square meters and boasts of exquisiteness. For instance, inside the hall are Tianhua (colored panes composed of fine battens), Zaojing (a special ornament on Tianhua with a square shape), girders and coves with colored drawings. The red walls of the hall are covered with beautiful and fantastic stone carvings. Under the foursquare eves are cuboid posts and plinths with stone sculptures of beasts. On both sides of the central ridge are large-scale Diwen (ornaments on the rooftop of traditional Chinese-style houses) with a small calabash-like pagoda with caste copper. Its construction style well reflects the artistic taste of constructions in early Qing dynasty.
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