Established in 1979, the Natural Reserve focuses on the protection of Picea Mongolica forest ecosystem. In Baiyinaobao Natural Reserve, there is a large area of Picea Mongolica forest, which is called the sole natural coniferous forest gene pool on the Inner Mongolian Plateau Prairie. Due to its special location, this reserve also provides wild animals an ideal habitat to dwell and procreate their species. According to statistic, many a rare animals live in the reserve, including Bustard, Grey Crane, Swan, Lynx and Red Deer. The reserve not only has a positive effect on the protection of forest ecosystem and local livestock husbandry, but also is of significance to the study on the Picea Mongolica’s origination and differentiation.