Beijing, the capital of China, is one of four ancient capitals with a more than 3000-year history. Travelers would like to explore some old and historical culture relics in Beijing. Here, we focus on ancient gates in Beijing.
Situated in the south of Tiananmen Square, Zhengyangmen is on the south-north axis of Beijing City. It was previously named Lizhengmen, and built in 1419 during the Ming Dynasty. Located in front of the Forbidden City, it also called Qianmen (Front Gate).
Zhengyangmen was a big barbican in ancient time, including a gatehouse and an archery tower. It is the best-preserved gate in Beijing, and has been regarded as a symbol of old Beijing. Now, Qianmen Avenue(前门大街) is one of famous shopping streets in Beijing.
Getting there: There are dozens of buses pass through Qianmen, such as Bus No.5, 8, 17, 20,22,48, 59, 66, 67, 69, 71, 82, 120, 126, 301, 626, 690, 692,723, etc. You can also take Subway Line 2, with a ticket of 2 CNY.
Tiananmen Gate where Chairman Mao announced the foundation of the People's Republic of China, is widely known as China’s national symbol. First built in the Ming Dynasty, Tiananmen Gate was the front entrance to the imperial city during the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
It is located in the north of Tiananmen Square, facing bustling Chang’an Avenue. The gate is a famous monument in Beijing, and there are several attractions including the Monument to People's Heroes, Chairman Mao Zedong Memorial Hall, the Great Hall of the People and China National Museum.
Getting there: Beijing Subway Line 1 stops at Tiananmen West Stop and Tiananmen East Stop. There are dozens of buses, such as Bus No. 1,2, 4, 5, 10, 20, 22, 37, 52, 59, 82, 90, 99, 120, 125, 126, 203, 205, 210,etc.
Deshengmen Gate was started to build in 1437 during the Ming Dynasty, was one of 9 gates in Beijing’s inner imperial city ,with a complex of a gatehouse, archery tower, and barbican. Now it plays an important role of Beijing’s northern transport.
Getting there: Travelers can take Subway Line 2, and get off Jishuitan Station. A lot of buses can reach Deshengmen Gate, including Bus 5, 305, 315, 344, 345, 380, 670, 914, 919, 27, 44, 55, 409, 815, and 819.
Located in the middle of Zuoanmen and Youan men, Yongdingmen was the biggest ancient gate of the outer section in old Beijing. Original built in 1552 in the Ming Dynasty, it was a key passage to get into the imperial city from the South. The ancient gate was pulled down in 1917 in order to extend a new road hub in Beijing. At present, the gate we see was reconstructed on the old relic in 2004.
Address: No.156,Yongdingmen Inner Avenue,Xicheng District(西城区永定门内大街156号).
Getting there: Bus No.2, 17, 20, 25, 36 and 40 can reach Yongdingmen.
Dongbianmen, one of Beijing’s ancient gates, is located in the southeast of Beijing outer imperial city. It was constructed in 1564 to protect safety of the imperial city. Dongbianmen was composed of a gatehouse and archery tower.
Getting there: Bus No.25, 39, 43,44,59,525,610,29,434 and 674
Located in the southwest of Beijing outer imperial city, Xibianmen has three parts consisting of a gatehouse, archery tower, and barbican. It was built in 1564, the same time with Dongbianmen. Because Dongbianmen and Xibianmen were built later than other gates, they were called Pianmen(gates on the side) and turned to Bianmen.
Getting There: Bus No.26, 390,395,423,456,661 and 662
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