Located at a place of 55 kilometers from Wanxian county and 64 km from Yunyang County , Zhangfei Temple is also a very famous scenic spot in the Three Gorge area. Zhangfei is perhaps not known to many western visitors, but he is very famous in Asia.
Opposite to the Yunyang county , the magnificent Temple with glazed tile and red walls is situated on the Flying Phoenix Hill on the southern bank of the river.
Who Is Zhangfei?
Zhang Fei was a general of Shu Kingdom in Three Kingdom Period 1,700 years ago. He was actually one of the three sworn brothers (the other two were Liu Bei and Guan Yu). In China there is a novel named ' Romance of Three Kingdoms, which has made deep impression in the minds of all the Chinese people about the history of that period. It was believed that after Zhangfei was killed by his two subordinates, his body was buried in Langzhong and the head was brought to Yunyang. That is why a temple was later built here.
Stories between Zhangfei and His Brothers
The Brothers Pavilion comes from the legend that Liu Bei, Guan Yu and Zhang Fei becoming sworn brothers in the novel 'Romance of Three Kingdom . Due to the flood of 1870, most of the present structures were built in the late 19th century and has been extensively restored in the last few years. In front of the main hall are giant statues of the three famous sworn brothers---Liu Bei, Guan Yu and Zhang Fei. Inside the hall sits the wild-eyed, red-faced Guan Yu, on both sides are scenes from his life. The Helpful Wind Pavilion, built 850 years ago, contains steles and huge portraits of the general and his wife. It is said that his spirit, in the form of a helpful wind, frequently assisted passing boats. Junkmen used to stop at the temple to light firecrackers and burn incense to show their appreciation. Rich collections of paintings, tablets and inscriptions earn it high praises. Moreover, the serial bells of Western Zhou Dynasty, bronze sword of Eastern Zhou in the hall are most interesting. Exhibition of pottery, bronze, porcelain and jade carvings all very worth appreciating. It is well worth a 2 to 4 hour visit.
The shrine is at the top of the Feifeng (Flying Phoenix) Mountain, Yunyang County, Chongqing City, on the southern bank of the Yangtze. The temple has a main hall on the top and layers as well as layers of vermilion banisters and blue tiles. There is a colored statue in the temple, which vividly depicts the legendary hero with rolling eyes. There are also tablet inscriptions, calligraphy and paintings here.
With the building of the Three Gorge Project, Zhangfei Temple is one of the ancient structures that will be submerged totally. There has been a new Zhangfei Temple which was built almost the same as the original one at its new location in Yuyang County now. You can enjoy the new but totally same Zhangfei Temple to learn something about this great hero and the history of that period.