Pingxiang Youyi (Friendship) Pass
PingXiang Friendship Pass is the top of three passes (Ping’er Pass, Shuikou Pass, and Friendship Pass). It was named the second pass in the world for its imposing building and dangerous terrain, and it is also one of our national famous eight Passes. It was an important military fortification during past ages. In 1885, famous General Feng Zicai in Qing Dynasty handed out the French invaders and won the famous Battle of Zhennan Pass in the world. In 1907, Sun Yatsen and Huang Xing led the Battle of Zhennan Pass which will last forever. Up to now, they still keep the Sino-French Battlefield, Mass Burial Ground in Qing Dynasty and such war sites. In the 50s, Premier Zhou approved to change its name to Xienan Pass. Later, in order to show the brother-ship between China and Vietnam, it was renamed Friendship Pass. Zhennan Pass, located in the place where two mountains are face-off on the Sino-Vietnam frontier, is the main Sino-Vietnam traffic artery. Zhennan Pass was firstly built during the reign of the Ming Emperor Hongwu (1368-1398) with Zhaozhong Platform. Pass building with one floor and double doors and passages was built during the 3rd year (1725) of the reign of the Qing Emperor Yongzheng. Outside there is a stale: “Southern Frontier Key Pass"; inside is a stale: “Zhengnan Pass" which was destroyed in the war against Japan from 1937 to 1945. When Su Yuanchun supervised the pass, he rebuilt the two-floor pass building. Later, founded Emperor Temple and Zhaozhong Hall (praised devoted officer temple).Taiping perfect Ganru rebuilt the pass building during Guangxu years, and pulled down Emperor Temple and Zhaozhong Hall and built a French style building named French Building in stead of them. Pass building was destroyed during Anti-Japanese war just left the arch of bottom floor. Now the pass building has graceful bearing with the broad square in front and tall and straight kapok and evergreen pine and cypress on both sides. In front of the square, there is millennium ancient banyan which has the umbrella-type crown. The green dancing leaves is just like telling the glorious and ancient history of Friendship Pass.