Langya Mountain Scenic Spot
Covering an area of 115 square kilometers, the scenic spot includes attractions like Langya Mountain, Chengxi Lake, Gushan Lake, and Hu Gu, and the main mountains are Motuo Mountain, Fenghuang Mountain, Dafeng Mountain, Xiaofeng Mountain, Langya Mountain, etc. The representative landscapes of the scenic spot are dense forests, deep caves, blue lakes, and flowing springs. Besides, there are plentiful culture attractions, such as Langya Temple built in Tang Dynasty, a large number of historic sites and cultural relics left in Bujiadun Ancient Site, the famous stele carving of Wu Daozi in Tang Dynasty drawing a picture of Buddhist Guanyin and nearly one-hundred Moya stele carvings made by Li Youqing in Tang Dynasty. They are so attractive that celebrated scholars in Tang and Song Dynasties like Wei Yingwu, Ou Yangxiu, Zeng Gong, Su Shi and Song Lian wrote poets and articles to praise them.
The Old Drunkard’s Pavilion:
The Old Drunkard’s Pavilion, situated on the half-way up the Langya Mountain, is one of the most four well-known pavilions. It is built in the reign of Emperor Renzong in Northern Song Dynasty, having the history of more than 900 years, and it is especially built for Ouyang Hsiu when Langya Temple was under the administration of Buddhist Abbot Zhixian. For Ouyang Hsiu called himself ‘the Old Drunkard’s Pavilion’, he named the pavilion ‘the Old Drunkard’s Pavilion’, and wrote a poet the Old Drunkard’s Pavilion which has been handed down to posterity. The buildings around the Old Drunkard’s Pavilion are unique and charming. East of the pavilion is a huge horizontally-lying stone, on which is carved the three Chinese words “醉翁亭”. West of it is Baosong Temple. Its height inside is 2 meters and width is about 1 meter. Two steles, on which the essay the Old Drunkard’s Pavilion in Su Shi’s handwriting form is carved, are rare treasures. On the western side of the pavilion, there is an old plum tree. The legend goes that it was planted by Ouyang Hsiu, so it was called ‘Ou Plum’. In front of the pavilion is a spring, beside which is a clean and clear stream murmuring all the year round. If you go towards the west, you can watch the view of Jiuquliushang where the ancient people drank and poetized.
If you walk 1 kilometer up from the southwest of the Old Drunkard’s Pavilion, you will see the Langya Temple. Langya Temple, a famous temple in southeast China, was built in the period of Dali in Tang Dynasty. Although it successively got its name ‘Baoying Temple’ in the reign of Emperor Tang Daizong in Tang Dynasty, and ‘Kaihua Buddhism Temple’ in Song Dynasty, and now it is called Langya Temple because it is on Langya Mountain.