Houses of Bai People in Xizhou

Last updated by david at 2013-11-3

The center of Xizhou Town is the Square Street. There are four big families living in the Town: Yan, Dong, Yang and Zhao. The houses of every family have their own features.

Outside the Xizhou Town there are two overgrowing elms. The habitants here call them Trees with Geomantic Omen. The two elms already have a very long history. It is said that one elm is "yin" while the other is "yang". One grows new branches and leaves when the other shed leaves. This goes around year after year and the two elms get prosperous in turn. One produces fruits while the other never. There is also an old green tree in the village not very far to the northeast of the Town. Every time when the autumn comes, numerous snow-white bitterns rest in the tree, and this makes a unique view in Xizhou Town.

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The Square Street is the center of Xizhou Town. It is a small square surrounded by shops. There in the square stands a stone torii. It is the Civilization Torii which has been built recently. The former torii which stood here was called Success Torii. It had been built after several intellectuals in the town had achieved success in the Ming Dynasty. At that time, all the villagers who had achieved success in the national examinations were privileged to engrave their names on the torii. Now Xizhou Town is the location of the government of an administrative region. In the history, however, it had had the scale of a city. Long before Nanzhao Kingdom moved here and settled down by the Erhai Lake, it had been a place where the foremen of Bai people "Heman" gathered and lived. At that time it was called Dali City and had many inhabitants. It is said that one general of Wen Emperor of Sui Dynasty, Shi Wansui, settled his military forces here, so the city was called Shi City, and the nearby plain was called Shi Yan. At the time of Mou of Nanzhao Kingdom, the King built his royal palace here. The present name of the city may give you some clues about the pattern of the city. Some villages around Xizhou Town have been named North City, East City, and South City. Some archaeologists have once found in the town things of Nanzhao Kingdom such as tiles engraved with characters, thick tiles with cloth veins, and tiles with lotus flower veins.

Solo Adventure Tips:

Location:

How to Get There?
you can take the minicars from Xiaguan to Lijiang along the Yunnan-Tibet Highway, and get off in Xizhou Town. The travel will cost you 5-8 yuan and take you 1 hour. You can go back in the same day if you want. You can also take motorcycles, of course.

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More Tips:
Tips: 1) You can take minicars to Xizhou Town from the Ancient City of Dali or Xiaguan. The minicars run along the Yunnan-Tibet Highway and will stop whenever you want to get on. The price is 5-8 yuan. The travel from Xiaguan to Xizhou Town will take you about 1 hour. You can go back during the same day. You can also stay over night in Xizhou and take part in the local parties, and then visit nearby sights such as the Butterfly Spring the next day. 2) The four courtyards close the door at 18:00. 3) You walk only 30 kilometers from between Yunnong Peak and Canglang Peak of Xizhou Town to get to Huadian Plain. The Plain is a good place for you to go camping and have picnics in the turn of spring and summer. Numerous flowers, the Small Cangshan Mountain and many brooks in the mountain make a charming picture. There is a natural village of Bai people in the area..


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There are 3 comments on this topic

posted by "hcf122" at 2008-10-24 4:29:00

Be aware of being taken to a fake site!! We were led by a guide to a very new, brilliant building complex and told that was the Yan Family Courtyard. In fact, the yan family yard is a very old building.

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posted by "luke" at 2008-7-27 7:45:00

Over a few decades, the merchants from xizhou had built up a great fame and wealth with which they also built nice houses with open courtyards. The most popular layout of a residential building is an open courtyard with houses on three sides and a white-washed screen wall on the fourth side. each side of the building is two-storied, with three rooms upstairs and three rooms downstairs. the middle room downstairs is the living room, where the host sees their visitors and guests, having a cup of tea and smoking a pipe over a nice chat. sealed up and invisible at the rear of that room is a stairway leading to the middle room upstairs, in which the family ancestral shrines are kept. the rest of the rooms are used

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posted by "doreen" at 2008-7-25 9:19:00

it is very special and beautiful

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