MianZhu Spring Festival Pictures (M.P), Deyang
Mianzhu produces a kind of bamboo, which is very tough and can be used to make Spring Festival couplets (posted on the door). Mianzhu Woodcut Spring Festival Pictures enjoy the same name as the pictures produced in such famous cities as YangLiuQing, Tianjin, Weifang, Shangdong, Taohuawu and Suzhou. Mianzhu Woodcut Spring Festival Pictures are folk drawings. They root in people and in the early age their decorating and artistic carving methods have been influenced by Sichuan painting of Han dynasty. From the traditional woodcut spring festival pictures, you can feel the overwhelming power and naive, pristine, bold and rough vitality which the pictures convey. The earliest woodcut spring festival pictures about religion appeared in the Tang dynasty. Many artists and painters coming to Sichuan because of the “armed rebellion” led by An Lushan and Shi Siming in 755 in Tang Dynast were Buddhism believers. So, Mianzhu spring festival pictures have been affected by religious drawings. There are the pictures of “KingKang” (Buddha’s warrior attendant), “Family God”, and “God that governs literature and writing”, etc. One can feel that the contents and the styles of Mianzhu spring festival pictures are as same as the religious pictures. Meanwhile, its techniques of color painting and decorating lines are also similar to that of the pictures of temples in Sichuan. In its history, folk artists from generation to generation kept implementing and renewing the contents and styles of pictures. So, Mianzhu spring festival pictures have formed unique artistic styles. A spring festival picture should be finished step by step: first, the drawer draws a picture; second, get ready for the woodblock for printing and the last print the picture to the paper and paint the picture on the woodblock. The color selected to paint the picture includes colors in general (colors for dying) and colors of minerals. Colors of minerals have a strong ability of covering. Therefore, different colors of minerals will cover the original carving lines. In this case, lines will be carved again. On the other hand, colors in general are transparent. Through this way the original lines still can be seen clearly. So, as for the part of the picture painted by colors in general, it needn’t be painted. By using two ways of painting colors, Mianzhu spring festival pictures form an artistic feature of watercolor block printing integrated with colored drawing. There are many kinds of Mianzhu spring festival pictures. The masters in Mianzhu draw spring festival manual pictures on old blocks by using print-blocks made in the Ming and Qing dynasties. The pictures refer to a wide range of subjects, such as virgin boys, beauties and gods. They also draw Mianzhu Spring Festival Manual Pictures in the way of traditional Chinese realistic painting. And subjects of them are mainly praying for blessing, longevity, wealth, good luck and safety. Mianzhu Ceramics Spring Festival Pictures are drawn on the top-grade white ceramics made in Jingdezhen city (Chinese capital of ceramics). These valuable collections and artistic treasures fill the blank of the history of Chinese ceramics. Mianzhu Spring Festival Manual Pictures on white marble are carved on the white marble, and painted with gold and silver powers and other colorful mineral powders.
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