China is a large country according to the number of inhabitants, its size, varying regional climate, ethnic groups and the amount of reliefs and streams. Its surface area is classified third among world ranking behind Russia and Canada. China itself represents a quarter of the surface of Asia.
This vast territory’s climate has undergone the influence of almost all other climates (except the Siberian one), ranging from hottest to the coldest.
China covers a wide range of latitudes and longitudes. Some areas are far from the sea while others are beside or nearby. Both its topography and climate are diverse and complex. China's climate is dominated by dry and wet monsoons, which creates obvious temperature differences between the winter and summer.
In summer, influenced by warm and moist winds from the sea, most parts of the country are hot and rainy. Wuhan, Chongqing, and Nanjing along the Yangtze River are China's three famous 'furnaces.'
In the winter, the cold and dry winds blowing from the continental land-mass toward the sea prevail. Most parts, especially the northern part of the country are cold and dry.
China’s temperate zone is divided from south to north into six categories as follows: tropical, subtropical, warm-temperate, temperate, cold-temperate, and Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Temperate Zone. Most of the country lies in the North Temperate Zone, which is characterized by a warm climate and well-defined seasons.
Yellow Mountain in winter
The Best Time to Visit China
The best seasons to travel to China are autumn (September and October) and spring (at the end of April - beginning June), periods during which wear light clothes with a small jacket or a sweat next by is appropriate. It is also the seasons where the light is the most beautiful.
For example: in Beijing, in July, during the day, the sky is never really blue, it is often veiled by heat hazes.
In summer (from June till August), it is indispensable to put very light clothes (except at high altitude); in winter (December to-February), a very hot dress is needed (no heating in the South), gloves and hats in addition in the North. A water-resistant garment is recommended for the South, whatever is the season.
Weather in Different Areas
Generally, the Southern part of China is hot and wet, whereas the Northern region is dry and windy, Most of the regions in the "18 Chinese provinces" are moderate or subtropical areas. The thermal amplitude is significant during winter in tChina, but is mostly reduced in the summer.
The dry regions of the Northwestern region (Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang) undergo splits of temperature, with scorching and dry summers and violent thunderstorms along with cold and dry winters.
The Tibet Plateau has an average height of 4,000 meters, where cold and rigorous winters and short summers are prevalent. This region benefits from an abundant period of sunshine all year round.
Tibet in summer
In the Northeastern region, summers are brief with fresh air while winters are long and rough.
In the plain of Northern China, where Beijing is located, spring and autumn are rather short but remain a magnificent experience. Towards the middle of April, the North-Western winds carry sand from Mongolia onto the plain, referred to as "Yellow Sand Storms.”
Along the eastern coastal regions, the oceanic warm and wet climate dominates, and four seasons are well established.
In the agricultural center, along the Yangzi River, summers are always hot and rainy. It is there that Wuhan is located, which is considered one of the furnaces of China.
The climate of Southern China is a subtropical type with mild, wet winters and hot, rainy summers.
Guilin in summer
The extreme fringes of South Yunnan, Kwangsi and Guangdong, and Hainan Island have a tropical climate.
The best climate throughout China is in theYunnan Plateau where there is a pleasant temperature year round. There, the largest variety of animal and vegetable species can be found.
During the summer monsoon sprays from the southern to the northern region of China from oriental and central China.
Rainfall in China diverges from place to place varying according to seasons. The rainy season begins earlier in the southern region lasting from May to October. In the north, precipitation persists for a shorter time from July to August. Generally, most parts are rainy in the summer and autumn while dry in the winter and spring.