Large Landscape with Diverse Climate
China covers a wide range of latitudes and longitudes. Some areas are far from the sea while others are beside or nearby. Both its topography and climate are diverse and complex.
China’s temperate zone is divided from south to north into six categories as follows: tropical, subtropical, warm-temperate, temperate, cold-temperate, and Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Temperate Zone. Most of the country lies in the North Temperate Zone, which is characterized by a warm climate and well-defined seasons.This vast territory’s climate has undergone the influence of almost all other climates (except the Siberian one), ranging from hottest to the coldest. China's climate is dominated by dry and wet monsoons, which creates obvious temperature differences between the winter and summer.
In summer, influenced by warm and moist winds from the sea, most parts of the country are hot and rainy. Wuhan, Chongqing, and Nanjing along the Yangtze River are China's three famous 'furnaces.'
In winter, the cold and dry winds blowing from the continental land-mass toward the sea prevail. Most parts, especially the northern part of the country are cold and dry.
Weather in Different Areas
Generally, the Southern part of China is hot and wet, whereas the Northern region is dry and windy, Most of the regions in the "18 Chinese provinces" are moderate or subtropical areas. The thermal amplitude is significant during winter in China, but is mostly reduced in summer.
In the North
The dry regions of the Northwestern region (Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang) undergo splits of temperature, with scorching and dry summers and violent thunderstorms along with cold and dry winters. In the Northeastern region, like Harbin, summers are brief with fresh air while winters are long and rough.
In the plain of Northern China, where Beijing is located, spring and autumn are rather short but remain a magnificent experience. Towards the middle of April, the North-Western winds carry sand from Mongolia onto the plain, referred to as “Yellow Sand Storms”.
In the Central
In the agricultural center, along the Yangtze River, summers are always hot and rainy. It is where Wuhan located, and is considered one of the furnaces of China.
Along the eastern coastal regions, for example Shanghai, the oceanic warm and wet climate dominates, and four seasons are well established. During summer, monsoon sprays from the southern to the northern region of China from oriental and central China.
In the South
The climate of Southern China is a subtropical type with mild, wet winters and hot, rainy summers.The fringes of South Yunnan, Kwangsi and Guangdong, and Hainan Island have a tropical climate.
On the Plateau
The best climate throughout China is in the Yunnan Plateau where there is a pleasant temperature year round. There, the largest variety of animal and vegetable species can be found.
The Tibet Plateau has an average height of 4,000 meters, where cold and rigorous winters and short summers are prevalent. This region benefits from an abundant period of sunshine all year round.