Chinese Learning

Last updated by fabiowzgogo at 2013-11-5

Table of Contents

TOPPronunciation for some basic Chinese characters

The following table is about pronunciation for some basic Chinese characters:

English words

Chinese characters

Pronunciation

Chinese Pinyin

Good morning

早上好

/Dzaoww-shung –haoww/

zao shang hao

Good afternoon

下午好

/Sshyaa-woo-haoww/

xia wu hao

Good evening

晚上好

/Wann-shung-haoww/

wan shang hao

Good night

晚安

/Wann-an/

wan an

Hello

你好

/Nee-haoww/

ni hao

I love China.

我爱中国

/Wor-eye-jong-gwor /

wo ai zhong guo

Thank you

谢谢

/Sshyeah-sshyeah /

xie xie

Excuse me

打扰一下

/Daa-raoww-ee-sshyaa /

da rao yi xia

Sorry

对不起

/Dway-boo-chee/

Dui bu qi

How much is it?

这个多少钱?

/jer-ger-dwor-shaoww-chyen/

Zhe ge duo shao qian

Too expensive

太贵了

/Teye-gway-ler/

Tai gui le

ok

好的

/Haoww-der/

Hao de

I’m hungry.

我饿了

/Wor-er-ler/

Wo e le

I want to go to…

我想去。。。

/Wor-sshyang-chyoo/

Wo xiang qu…

eat

/Chrr/

chi

Have breakfast

吃早餐

/Chrr-dzaoww-tsan/

Chi zao can

Have lunch

吃午餐

/Chrr-woo-tsan/

Chi wu can

Have supper

吃晚餐

/Chrr-wann-tsan/

Chi wan can

delicious

好吃

/Haoww-chrr/

Hao chi

What time to go

几点走

/jee-dyen-dzoh/

Ji dian zou

My name is….

我叫。。。

/Wor-jyaoww/

Wo jiao

Where is the toilet?

厕所在哪里

/Tser-swor-dzeye-naa-lee/

Ce suo zai na li

What’s your name?

你叫什么名字?

/Nee-jyaoww-shnn-mor-ming-dzrr/

Ni jiao shen me ming zi

What’s this?

这是什么?

/Jer-shrr-shnn-mor/

Zhe shi shen me

What’s the weather like?

天气怎么样?

/tyen-chee-dznn-muh-yang/

Tian qi zen me yang

I’m thirsty.

我渴了

/Wor ker lur/

Wo ke le

I’m tired.

我累了

/Wor-lay-ler/

Wo lei le

See you tomorrow.

明天见

/ming-tyen-jyen/

Ming tian jian

Not at all

不用谢

/Boo-yong-sshyeah/

Bu yong xie

Train station

火车站

/Hwor-cher-jan/

Huo che zhan

Airport

机场

/Jee-channg/

Ji chang

Don’t eat chilli.

不吃辣椒

/Boo-chrr-laa-jyaoww/

Bu chi la jiao

No, thanks.

不用了,谢谢

/Boo-yong-ler, sshyeah-sshyeah/

Bu yongle, xie xie

Great

好极了

/Haoww-jee-ler/

Hao ji le

Go to…

去。。。。

/Chyoo/

Qu…

I’m sleepy.

我困了

/Wor-kwnn-ler/

Wo kun le

Thanks for your help.

谢谢你的帮助。

/Sshyeah-sshyeah-nee-der-bung-joo/

Xie xie ni de bang zhu

I don’t understand it.

我听不懂

/Wor-ting-boo-dong/

Wo ting bu dong

See you.

再见

/dzeye-jyen/

Zai jian

A large bowl of rice

一大碗米饭

/ee-daa-wann-mee-fan/

Yi da wan mi fan

A middle bowl of noodles

一中碗面条

/ee-jong-wann-mee-fan/

Yi zhong wan mian tiao

Go to the movie

看电影

/Kan-dyen-ying/

Kan dian ying

Too hot

好热

/Haoww-rer/

Hao re

Monday

星期一

/Sshing-chee-ee/

Xing qi yi

Tuesday

星期二

/Sshing-chee-urr/

Xing qi er

Wednesday

星期三

/Sshing-chee-san/

Xing qi san

Thursday

星期四

/Sshing-chee-srr/

Xing qi si

Friday

星期五

/Sshing-chee-woo/

Xing qi wu

Saturday

星期六

/Sshing-chee-lyoh/

Xing qi liu

Sunday

星期日

/Sshing-chee-rrr/

Xing qi ri

Too cold

好冷

/Haoww-lnng/

Hao leng

What’s the date today?

今天几号

/jin-tyen-jee-haoww/

Jin tian ji hao

Eight

/Bar/

Ba

Nine

/Jill/

Jiu

Four

/Srr/

Si

TOPChinese Language Learning Resources

With China's opening to the outside world under the astutute guidance of Deng Xiaoping and the country's subsequent emergence as an economic powerhouse, more and more people the world over have found a reason for wanting to learn the Chinese language. There is of course a growing international population of students of the Chinese language, many of whom spend time in the country studying at Chinese universities and practicing their Chinese on an appreciative indigenous audience.

There is also a large – and growing – contingent of businessmen and other entrepreneurs for whom learning Chinese is perceived as a way of enhancing one's business prospects (and for businessmen who live in China, it can simply be a matter of practicality).

Then there are the many tourists for whom learning Chinese is both a rewarding hobby and a means of making the most of a great holiday opportunity. Indeed, many of the tourists who decide to learn Chinese are repeat visitors, given that China is such an immensely large country with a seemingly endless array of fascinating places to visit, from the purely historical to the religious-historical (think: ancient Taoist and Buddhist monasteries, as well as their respective sacred mountains) to the purely nature-endowed – from the arid vastness of the Gobi and Taklamakan Deserts in the west to the stream-fed verdure of south-central China – to the purely gastronomic (think: Chongqing) to the purely hedonistically fun-oriented, such as the coastal resort areas of subtropical southern China.

For the tourist, there is an increasing number of online Chinese language learning resources, many of which are entirely free. With the advent of Pinyin, learning Chinese has become easier than ever, since one can always resort to Pinyin in order to better understand the intonation of the traditional Chinese character (though some online resources today also provide pronunciation sound bytes). Below is a very short, very inexhaustive list of Chinese language learning resources that the author of this article can recommend. But there are others – many others (and counting!) – that await your discovery.

For example, most of the sites listed below were found using the simple search phrase "Chinese language learning resources". In general, the better, free resources will have "edu" in their respective web addresses, but be aware that some nasty scammers lure users with an "educational-looking" web address, only to redirect the unsuspecting user who clicks on the link to a product or service that has nothing whatsoever to do with education (the creeps get paid for such baiting, which is why they do it of course).

Here is an excellent site for learning Chinese from scratch (and note that is not boring site that simply lists other sites, but is what one in web jargon calls "landing pages", or pages where, in this instance, your first click takes you to a page where you begin a Chinese lesson... did I mention that it is provided by the BBC?).

Here is a site which, though it offers links to many other Chinese language resource sites, is at least not boring – and it is the creation of a former professor (now Professor Emeritus) at the University of Northern Iowa in the US ).

Here is a very interesting site that offers a wide range of resources for the beginner to the Chinese language. Like the website of the Professor Emeritus above, it offers links to other resources, but it also offers many resources itself, such as translation dictionaries and flash cards for learning traditional Chinese characters, to name only two - Mandarin Tools.

Below is an interesting site that offers a lot of history about written Chinese (as you will see, I have borrowed a lot of material for the above, most of it modified to suit my purposes, of course, from this site), and it has links to scads of other sites, from online dictionaries to online Chinese radio sites to online Chinese newspapers. And of course, it offers links to Chinese courses (chiefly Mandarin and Cantonese, but Shanghainese and Taiwanese are represented as well).

It also offers links to sites that let you download Chinese fonts (in case you are wondering, this article is written for the most part in the MingLIU font, which can reproduce traditional Chinese characters, while the Pinyin parts here are rendered in a combination of MingLIU and Courier New (MingLIU can't do the accents, or diacritical marks, so these individual letters are rendered in Courier New, which sort of complements, stylistically, MingLIU) - Omniglot.

Here is another, very scholarly (German, but rendered in English) site that offers a wealth of artices on the Chinese language and Chinese history - China Knowledge.

Here are two GREAT! sites for quick translations (and note that sometimes you might need to use the one to pick up a clue, plug that into the second, then plug that result back into the first one – I leave it to you to experiment to sort it out!):

A Dutch (from Holland) site run by something called MDBG.

(And I tried – I really did! – to find out what "MDBG" stands for, but ended up clueless here.)

Google's own quick translation site is here. It doesn't always translate (it will not translate Pinyin into Simplified or Traditional Chinese), but it can often provide clues that can be plugged into MDBG, which can then be plugged back into Google Translate. However, it translated the final, or parting, words below quite nicely, though not being a Chinese speaker, I can't really know for sure if what was translated makes sense or not! - Google Translate.)

Finally, for your children, you might want to check out the following online K-12 (from the 1st to the 12th grade, the latter being the highest High School level in the US) resources. They are offered by the University of Minnesota and are available for free to anyone who signs up (it's as easy as signing up for an email account!), though the main intended target audience is of course teachers - CARLA

The above should suggest to you the increasing importance of the Chinese language the world over. My knowledge in this regard, apart from the online resources, stems from the US, but I have no reason to believe that the increasing interest in the Chinese language is not as widespread in Europe as it is in the US; in California, for example, it is now taught in the 1st grade of elementary school.

學習漢語的好運氣!(Good luck learning Chinese!)

TOPVideos for Learning Chinese

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