China is a country with numerous mountains. According to statistic, the area of mountains, hills and plateaus accounts for 69% of the total land area of the country. As far as the altitude is concerned, there are in total fourteen high peaks with an altitude above 8000 meters in the world, of which nine are located at the boundary line and within the confines of China on the Himalayas Range and Karakoram Range. The first highest peak in the world, Everest Peak (with an altitude of 8848.13 meters), the second highest peak in the world, Chogori Peak (with an altitude of 8611 meters), the third highest peak in the world, Kangchenjunga Peak (with an altitude of 8586 meters), the fifth highest peak in the world, Makalu (with an altitude of 8463 meters), and the seventh highest peak in the world, Cho Oyu Peak (with an altitude of 8204 meters), are all located at the boundary line of China. The fourteenth highest peak in the world, Xixiabangma Peak (with an altitude of 8012 meters), is located within the borders of Tibet in China. As for high peaks with an altitude above 5000 meters, they are numbered in the thousands on the mountains such as Himalayas Range, Karakoram Range, Gangdese Range, Nyainqentanglha Range, Tanggula Range, Kunlun Range, Tianshan Mountian Range, Qilian Range, Transversal Mountain Range, Daxue Mountains and Min Mountain, etc. The peaks are incomparable to those of other nations either in height or in quantity.
The main mountain systems of China are as follows：① Tianshan—Altai Mountain System，② the Pamirs—Kunlun— Qilian Mountain System，③ the Major Xing’an Mountain— Yinsha Mountain System，④ Yanshan— Qilian Mountain Range— Taihang Mountain System，⑤ Changbaishan Mountain System，⑥ Karakorum—Tanggula Mountain System，⑦ Gangdese— Nyainqentanglha Mountain System，⑧ Himalayas Mountain System，⑨ Transversal Mountain System，⑩ Bayan Har Mountain System，（11）Qin Mountian Range— Dabashan Mountain System，（12） Wumeng— Wuling Mountain System，（13） Southeast Coast Mountain System，（14）Taiwan Mountain System，（15）Hainan Mountain System.
The Ten Most Beautiful Tourist Mountains of China
The Ten Most Beautiful Tourist Mountains of China are the Namjagbarwa Peak in Tibet, the Gongga Mountain in Sichuan, the Everest Peak in Tibet, the Meili Snow Mountains in Yunnan, the Huang Mountain in Anhui, the Xiannairi Mountain in Sichuan (the Sanshen Mountain in the Daocheng), the Chogori Mountain in Xinjiang, the Kangrinboqi Peak in Tibet, Tai Mountain in Shandong and E’mei Mountain in Sichuan. All these famous mountains have the following common features：
The first one is the relative height of the mountain；
The second one is the relatively numerous natural vegetation belts of the mountain；
The third one is the relatively good primitive ecological environment of the mountain without being artificially damaged.；
The fourth one is of relatively high value in scientific expedition；
The fifth one is of relatively high ornamental value.
Namjagbarwa Peak in Tibet
“Namjagbarwa” means “war spear piercing the blue sky” in the Tibetan language. The main peak of the Namjagbarwa Peak, which enjoys a good reputation as “the father of iceberg”, is as high as 7782 meters. At the foot of the Namjagbarwa Peak, there are a good many hot springs and extraordinarily dense plants. Therefore, it is an ideal resort for exploration, mountain climbing and recuperation. It is the objective towards which the mountain climbing organizations of all nations in the world yearn. It is an ideal area for developing tourism, mountain climbing, expedition and drifting and also the best site for conducting expeditions of earth sciences and biology.
Tips ：The best season for appreciating and taking photographs of the Namjagbarwa Peak is the summer of every year. The autumn sky is clear and the air is crisp. Generally the air is clean at this time. Hence, there are many opportunities to take pictures of the lofty and steep Namjagbarwa Peak.
Gongga Mountain in Sichuan
Sichuan Gongga Mountain is located within the borders of three counties in Sichuan Province, namely, Kangding, Luding and Shimian. It covers an area of 400 thousand hectares. It is a national-level scenic area. The main protection objects are forest ecological system, rare animals and natural landscapes such as modern glacier
The Gongga Mountain is located in the transitional belt between the Tibetan Plateau and the Sichuan Basin. Its main peak has an altitude of 7556 meters. It is the king of Shu Mountains and also one of the famous high peaks in the world. The area preserves natural landscapes such as ancient glacier remains, modern glaciers, primitive forests, hot spring, lakes and snow peaks, etc. The Gongga Mountain Reserve is a very important species gene pool in the world and also one of the best representatives of biological and geographical areas in the world. It has extremely important value in protection and scientific research. Moreover, the area has exotic landscapes and graceful natural landscapes. Therefore, it is also a famous tourist resort.
Tips ：In Kangding, there are special tourist buses heading for the Gongga Mountain. At the foot of the Gongga Mountain, there are cable cars taking tourists up the mountain with a fare of about 160 yuan. (The price here is only for information. Tourists should inquire about the actual price)
Everest Peak in Tibet
It means “the virgin Mary” in the Tibetan language. With an altitude of 8848 meters, it is the first highest peak in the world.
Tips：It is not very difficult to hitch a ride from Shigatse or Lhatse to Xindingri. However, there is little possibility that you can get free rides for the remaining 100 kilometers to the base camp. Therefore, you are recommended chartering a vehicle in Lhasa. It is the safest way to go there.
Meili Snow Mountains in Yunnan
The Meili Snow Mountains is also called the Prince of Snow Mountains. It is located in the middle section of the Transversal Mountain Range about ten kilometers northeast of Deqin County, Yunnan Province and between the Nujiang River and Lancangjiang River. It is connected to Adonggeni Mountain of Tibet in the north and neighbors the Biluo Snow Mountain in the south.
The Meili Snow Mountains is the grandest snow mountain complex in Yunnan Province. It has thirteen peaks with an average altitude above 6000 meters, which are called “Thirteen Peaks of Prince”. The main peak Kawabog, which is the highest peak in Yunnan Province, has a height of 6740 meters above sea level. The Prince of Snow Mountains is well known in the world for its loftiness, magnificence and mystery. As early as the 1930s, an American learner praised the Zankagebo Peak as the “most beautiful mountain in the world”.
1. There are shuttle buses heading for Deqing at the county of Shangri-la every day with a fare of about 40 yuan.
2. There are Zang people who come from all parts of Shangri-la, Tibet and Ganzhi of Sichuan Province to make pilgrimages and spin prayer wheels in the winter of every year.
Huang Mountain in Anhui
The Huang Mountain stands towering in the south of Anhui Province. It is well known in the world for oddity, grandeur, beauty and grace. It is also a national-level scenic spot and historic area with abundant resources, complete ecological system and significant value in science and ecological environment. It belongs to the world cultural and natural heritage and has been listed into the World’s Heritage Records. The Huang Mountain has now become the representative of famous mountains in China. It enjoys a reputation as the “oddest mountain under heaven” and ranks with the Yangtze River, the Great Wall and the Yellow River as one of the symbols of the Chinese nation. A saying going like this: “If you take a tour of the Five Famous Mountains, you will not appreciate mountains in your neighborhood after coming back. However, if you take a tour of the Yellow Mountain, you will not appreciate the Five Famous Mountains after coming back.
Xiannairi Mountain in Sichuan （Sanshenshan Mountain in Daocheng）
The name of the Xiannairi Mountain means “Mercy Buddha” in the Tibetan language. It is located between the Shuiluo River and the Dongyi River. It heads the three high peaks in the Yading scenic area. It is the five largest mountains in Sichuan Province. With an altitude of 6032 meters, it is lofty, grand and beautiful. It seems like a masculine sword sticking into the skies.
Tips： The traffic of Sanshenshan Mountain in Daocheng: The shuttle buses between Chengdu and Daocheng have been opened to traffic. It runs on even days and arrives at the destination in two days. You may stay in Kangding or Yajiang for one night. The fare is 218 yuan.
Chogori Peak in Xinjiang
The name of Chogori Peak means “high and majestic peak” in the Tajik language. It has a height of 8611 meters above sea level. It is the main peak of the Karakoram Range, which is only second to the Himalayas Range in altitude on earth. It is located at the border between China and Pakistan. Its height ranks the second among the fourteen peaks with an altitude above eight thousands meters in the world. It is also called K2 Peak at abroad. It is acknowledged as one of the peaks with a greater degree of difficulty in climbing in the international mountaineering field.
Kangrinboqi Peak in Tibet
The name of Kangrinboqi Peak means “the mountain of deity” in the Tibetan language. It is the main peak of the Gangdese Mountain. Though Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Bon religion hold different beliefs and believe in different gods, they all think that Kangrinboqi is the “center of the world” and regard it as a holy mountain. All these endow Kangrinboqi with the superimposed holiness of several religions, thereby sending out colorful halos and aureoles of all kinds of beliefs. Hence, it has become the palace of ten thousand gods and the Olympus in the orient.
1. The best time for traveling: July－ September; During that period, the temperature on the mountain top is relatively high. Good weather last for a relatively long time. Therefore, it is the best time for climbing the mountain.
2. Traffic: You may set out from Urumchi and drive along the highway for a passage of time, and then turn off into the provincial highway and drive through Tuokexun. When you turn off into a main road, it is the time for the highway to disappear.
Tai Mountain in Shandong
The Tai Mountain, which is located in the middle of Shandong Province, was called Dai Mountain and Daizong in ancient times. As one of the Five Famous Mountains in China, it is located in the east and hence called the ancient eastern mountain. The Tai Mountain covers a total area of 426 square kilometers. Its main peak Yuhuang Summit has a height of 1532.8 meters above sea level. The mountain has grand and splendid appearance and majestic vigor with a large number of scenic spots and historic sites. It is reputed as “the most honorable of the Five Famous Mountains”. Confucius says that when one climbs to the top of the Tai Mountain, he will find the world small; Du Fu, a great poet in the Tang Dynasty, wrote the famous verses that when you climb to the summit of the mountain, you will find all the other mountains small. The Tai Mountain has become the symbol of greatness and sublimity in the hearts of people.
E’mei Mountain in Sichuan
The E’mei Mountain is located in E’mei Mountain City of Sichuan Province. Its main peak is the Golden Summit. The highest peak, Ten Thousand Buddha Peak, has a height of 3099 meters above sea level. It neighbors the Leshan Great Buddha, the largest stone carved statue of Buddha Maitreya in the world, in the east.
The E’mei Mountain and Leshan Great Buddha is one of the three natural and cultural heritages in China and one of the eighteen in the world at present.
The E’mei Mountain as the “Puxian Taoist Field” is one of the four famous Buddhist Mountains in China.
The E’mei Mountain has extremely abundant natural and cultural heritages. It enjoys a reputation as “a kingdom of natural plants”, “a paradise for animals”, “a geological museum” and “Heaven of the Buddhist kingdom”. It is also praised as “the most graceful mountain under heaven”. It is tourist resort for sightseeing, making pilgrimages, worshipping Buddha, taking leisure and vacation, fitness and entertainment, and scientific expedition.
1. Traffic：If you would like to take a tour of the E’mei Mountain, you may first get to Leshan by way of Chengdu. There is a perfect highway traffic network within the borders of Leshan. The highway between Leshan and the E’mei Mountain has become a hot tourist route all the year round. There are shuttle buses running every ten minutes on average. The trip takes less than one hour.
2. Best time for traveling：The spring and autumn is the best season for traveling in the E’mei Mountain as during that period the mountain has a moderate climate and charming sceneries.
The Hua Mountain, the ancient western mountain, is located in Huayin City 120 kilometers east of Xi’an, Shanxi Province. It was called Taihua Mountain in ancient times. It has an altitude of 2200 meters. It is a national-level scenic area in our country.
The Hua Mountain enjoys a reputation as the “oddest and most dangerous mountain under heaven”.
There are also a large number of scenic spots and historic sites in the Hua Mountain. Buddhist temples, Taoist temples, pavilions, platforms, storied buildings, statues and carved stones can be found everywhere. The famous historic sites on the mountain include Jade Spring (Yuquan) Temple, Zhenwu Taoist Temple, Jintian Palace (Baidi Ancestral Temple). The Xiyue Temple, which is located seven kilometers north of the Hua Mountain, is the temple where the Hua Mountain God of the ancient western mountain was enshrined and worshipped in ancient times.
The Heng Mountain, the ancient southern mountain, is located 50 kilometers north of Hengyang City. It has deep and serene gullies and dotted temples as well as flowing spring and flying waterfall lying about exuberant forests. It has been a tourist resort all through the ages.
The Hen Mountain is praised highly as the second mountain under heaven.
The Hen Mountain, the ancient northern mountain, is a divide separating the Sanggan River, a tributary of Haihe River, and the Hutuo River. Known as the 108th peak, it consists of two peaks with the Tianfeng Range in the east and the Cuiping Mountain in the west. The two peaks stand facing each other with muddy water flowing between them. It has been a natural barrier which is the point of battle since antiquity. On the mountains of Tianfeng and Cuiping, there are queer rocks and ancient towering trees as well as storied buildings and worship halls scattering among the dark green pines and emerald green cypress. In ancient times, there were eighteen scenic spots, of which more than ten have remained now, such as worship hall, Huixian Mansion, Nine Heavens Palace and Xuankong Temple. It also has natural scenic areas such as Qinqi (Musical Instrument and Chess) Platform, Wuyun Grotto and Zizhi Valley. A large number of inscriptions by ancient learners are left on steep cliffs. The natural landscapes with specific environment and time such as Pine Escaping from the Summit of the High Mountian, the Setting Sun Flashing Back, Golden Chicken Herald the Break of a day, Jade Sheep Traveling on Clouds appeal more to tourists.
The Song Mountain, which has the most famous temple under heaven, Shaolin Temple, is situated west of Dengfeng City, Henan Province. Its main body is composed of the Taishi Mountain and the east and west Shaoshi Mountains.
The Song Mountain is reputed as the museum of the historical development of China. It assembles the three religions of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism and boasts a large number of historic sites. Of them, there are six bests in China：the ancestral shrine of Buddhist Zen；the existent largest-scale pagoda forest——the Shaolin Temple；the existent oldest pagoda—— Songyue Temple Pagoda of the North Wei Dynasty；the existent oldest towers——three towers of the Han Dynasty (namely, Taishi Towers, Shaoshi Towers and Qimu Towers)；the cypress with the highest tree age—— the “general cypress” conferred in the Han Dynasty；the existent oldest stellar observatory—— Gaocheng Stellar Observatory of the Yuan Dynasty.
Where are there so many assemblages of Zen Buddhism? They can only found in the Song Mountain. Perhaps having a look at the quiet and mysterious Buddhist resort and experiencing its lustration, peacefulness and refinement will become a good wish of every tourism lovers.
The Wutai Mountain, which is located in the northeast of Wutai County in Qinzhou Area in the northeast of Shanxi Province, ranks with the E’mei Mountain, the Jiuhua Mountain, the Putuo Mountain as the four famous Buddhist Mountains in China, towards which tourists at home and abroad yearn. It has five encircling high peaks with even and broad summits. Hence, it is called the Wutai Mountain. It is the Buddhist field of Buddha Wenshu.
The Wutai Mountain has five summits, namely, the east summit Wanghai Peak, the west summit Guayue Peak, the south summit Jinxiu Peak, the north summit Yedou Peak and the central summit Cuiyan Peak. There are overlapping mountains, crisscrossing ravines, flowing Valley Rivers, lofty and emerald woods and intersecting basin and mountains, which forms a treasure land of landscapes with brilliant colors and cool climate suitable for sightseeing and sunstroke prevention.
The Putuo Mountain is one the four largest famous Buddist Mountains in our country and also a famous sea island scenic and tourist resort. It is such a beautiful small island with so many cultural relics and historic sites, which can be unique in our country.
The Putuo Mountain is located about 100 sea miles east of the Hangzhou Bay in Zhejiang Province, is a small island of the Zhoushan Islands. It is noted not only in the vast sea and sky, but also in the deep mountain forest. Climbing the mountain and overlooking the green sea, you will find Sea Islands floating on the sea surface with white sailboats running among them, which is rather a charming sight.
The Jiuhua Mountain, which is located within the borders of Qingyang County in south Wan (the south of Anhui), is one of the four Buddhist mountains in our country.
The Jiuhua Mountain, which was formed in late Cenozoic Era, is characterized by exotic mountains, graceful peaks and numberous Buddhist temples. It is a Buddhist field of Buddha Ksitigarbha with a long history of Buddhism. Temples scatter about the whole mountain. There are now fifty six well preserved Buddhist temples.
The Jiuhua Mountain is not only well known for Buddhist human landscapes, but also has majestic, exotic and graceful landscapes and a large number of scenic spots and historic sites. Within the range of 120 square kilometers in the whole mountain, there are overlapping exotic peaks, rugged queer rocks, gushing spring, flying waterfalls and rilling stream. The singing of birds is accompanied by the sounds of bells and drums. The cloud mists set off against queer pines. The natural landscapes are very charming.
The Wudang Mountain was called Taihe Mountain in ancient times. It is located within the borders of Shiyan City in the north of Hubei Province. With majestic appearance, it faces the Danjiangkou Reservior and lies at the back of the Shennongjia Forest Zone, extending as far as more than 400 kilometers. It has seven two peaks. The main peak Celestial Post Peak has a height of 1612 meters above sea level. All the remaining peaks lean towards the Celestial Post Peak, which is rather a marvelous spectacle. The Wudang Mountain has been an ideal place for the Taoists to pursue a fairyland all through the ages. The Taoist buildings scatter about the whole mountain on a grand scale. It is said that in ancient times Xuanwu achieved sagehood, ascended to heaven and became an immortal.
“A mountain will not become famous if not conferred a title.” Since the birth of Taoism in the East Han Dynasty, emperors of all dynasties had held the ceremony of closing off the mountain area for several times in the Wudang Mountain. Hence, it had an increasingly greater reputation. During the period of Emperor Chengzu’s reign in the Ming Dynasty, it ranked above the Five Famous Mountains for a time with a reputation as a “Major High Mountain”. What makes the Wudang Mountain really widely known is Zhang Sanfeng, a great master of one generation. He established the Wudang School of martial arts, which was on a par with the Shaolin School of the Song Mountain.
The sceneries of the Wudang Mountain combine the grandeur of the Tai Mountain, the oddity of the Huang Mountain and the serenity of the Yandang Mountain. Mi Fu, a great calligrapher and painter in the North Dynasty, praises it as “the first mountain under heaven”. Though the praise is rather exaggerated, we can see from it that it is a place worth traveling.
Dragon and Tiger Mountain
The Dragon and Tiger Mountain, which is originally named Yunjin Mountain, is a national key scenic spot and historic site. It is located 20 kilometers southwest of Yingtan City, Jiangxi Province. It is said that during the middle period of the East Han Dynasty, Heavenly Master Zhang refined the elixir here; “when the elixir was refined, a dragon and a tiger appeared, whence the name of Dragon and Tiger Mountain came”. The Dragon and Tiger Mountain becomes the birthplace of Chinese Taoism for the same reason.
The Dragon and Tiger Mountain Scenic Area has ninety nine peaks, twenty four rocks and one hundred and eight sceneries. The area of landscapes reaches about 200 square kilometers. The Taoist culture with a long history, the green water and elixir mountain with unique characteristics and the Cliffside tombs on a grand scale constitute the “three wonders” of the natural and human landscapes of the Dragon and Tiger Mountain Scenic Area.
The Zhongnan Mountain is a sacred place of the Taoist religion. It is located southeast of Luliang County. It is 78 kilometers away from Qujing City. The Zhongnan Mountain “with lofty, steep and dangerous appearance is a majestic town in the south of the city”. There are pines and oaks all over the mountain and wild flowers all over the field with charming and graceful sceneries. On the mountainside, there is the Stone Fish Grotto, which is marvelous, magnificent and lifelike with varied shapes.
The Qingcheng Mountain is one of the first scenic spots and historic sites proclaimed by the state council in China. It is 16 kilometers away from Dujiangyan City. The Qingcheng Mountain is close to the snow range of Min Mountain and faces the Chuanxi Plain; Surrounded by peaks like the outer wall of a city, it has deep woods and dense trees, which are green all the year round; there are one thousand stairs and winding paths leading to quiet seclusion. Up to the present, it preserves tens of Taoist temples in good condition and treasures up a large quantity of cultural relics and historic sites as well as scripts of celebrities in modern times. The Qingcheng Mountain is, as it is, a living Taoist “museum” with a history of thousands of years. The scenic area on the back mountain has mysterious grottos, relics of the Great King of Shu, flying waterfall and deep ponds scattering about the mountain, curved bridges and winding plank paths, which are quite of primitive rustic charm. The human and natural landscapes of the Qingcheng Mountain set off against each other. Hence, it enjoys a good reputation as “the quietest mountain under heaven”.
The Lao Mountain Scenic Area has more than 220 scenic spots. Its main peak is the Giant Peak (Jufeng) with an altitude of 1133 meters. It is the highest peak along the 18000 kilometers of coastline in China. The mountain centers on the Giant Peak and radiates in the five directions of northeast, east, southeast, south and west. It is steep in the east and south, and continuous in the northwest. The mountain, which is connected with the sea, has dark and bright light sent out by mountain mist through reflecting the sunlight, overlapping ridges and peaks, rugged and exotic rocks, deep gullies and serene valleys, blue sea and dwellings of immortals as well as vague mirage. All these constitute the natural beauty of serenity, depth, vastness, oddity and diversification in the Lao Mountain.
The Lu Mountain is under the jurisdiction of Jiujiang City, Jiangxi Province. Shrouded by mountain mist, it is majestic, exotic, graceful, tall and straight. There are numerous flowing springs and flying waterfalls as well scenic spots and historic sites scattering about the mountain. With a cool and agreeable climate in summer, it is a famous tourist area as well as summer and recuperation resort in our country. In 1996, it was listed into the World Natural and Cultural Heritage Records.
For a long time after 1840, the Lu Mountain has become a resort for influential political figures. On the mountain, there are several existent villas, which have been inhabited by political leaders such as Zhang Xueliang, Jiang Jieshi, Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai. It makes it a famous mountain people look forward to. In 1996, the world heritage committee of UNESCO approved the Lu Mountain to be listed into the World Natural and Cultural Heritage Records as a “world cultural landscape”.
“The landscapes of the Wuyi Mountain are the oddest under Heaven and the fairyland in human world is in Wuyi.” The national-level key scenic spot and historic site, Wuyi Mountain Scenic Area, is located southwest of Wuyishan City in Fujian Province. Covering an area of tens of square kilometers, it forms a resort on its own. It is called the first mountain in Fujian with a reputation as “the oddest and most graceful mountain in the southeast”. The Wuyi Mountain Scenic Area, which is characterized by karst landform, has the resorts of “double three and double six”. “Double three” refers to the curved and winding Nine Bends (Jiuqu) Stream. “Double six” refers to the thirty six mountains on both banks of the Nine Bends Stream.
There are green water and red mountains. Each bend of the Nine Bends Stream has one different view. Moreover, there are also seven two immortal’s grottos and ninety nine famous rocks. The blue and clear Nine Bends Stream flows through the mountain. Taking a bamboo raft against the river from the Wuyi Palace, you will sometimes pass by shallow beach with splashing rapid waves and then suddenly float on deep pond with waves as calm as a mirror.
The thirty six peaks are graceful, tall, straight, exotic, majestic, luxuriantly green and continuous, which is rather a marvelous spectacle. The Great King Peak, which stands erect at the mouth of the Nine Bends Stream, is reputed as “King of Immortal’s Gully”. The stone wall at the summit of the peak is carved with the characters of “Being Vigilant When Standing at a High Place”.
The Pure Girl (Yunv) Peak stands facing the Great King Peak across the stream. It is graceful, moist, clean, and slim like a fairy with graceful bearing. Up to the present the story of the Great King and the Pure Girl falling in love with each other still goes round here. The Wuyi Mountain not only has bright and beautiful landscapes, but also boasts abundant animal and plant resources. There are rare bamboos and trees, exotic flowers, rare birds and beasts as well as medicinal materials. It enjoys a reputation at home and abroad especially for abounding in the Wuyi Rock Tea with gorgeous color, thick fragrance and pure flavor.
The Yandang Mountain is located within the borders of Yueqing prefecture-level city. It is one of the first national-level key scenic resorts and historic sites and one of the top famous mountains in China. The mountain acquired the name of a bird as “there is a lake on the top of the mountain, which is overgrown with reed and inhabited with autumn wild geese. The Yandang Mountain takes roots in the East Sea. The landscape is noted for peaks, waterfalls, caves and shield-like peaks and enjoys a reputation as “a famous mountain on the sea” and “beautiful scenery in the world”. It was called “the first mountain in the southeast” in the history. The mountain was chiseled in the South and North Dynasties and flourished in the Tang and Song Dynasties. Hence, it has profound cultural foundation.
The Yandangshan Mountain has unique characteristics. “The view in the day time is a feast for the eyes and the night view attracts and delights you.” “You can view and admire the mountain landscape while savoring seafood.” “The view is shifty and changes when you move steps.” Those are the three features which differentiate itself from other famous mountains and rivers of China.
The Wuling Source is located in the west of Hunan Province. It has a sandstone peak forest landform rare in the world. The whole scenic area has crisscrossing ravines, lofty peaks, emerald green trees and flocks of birds. It enjoys a good reputation as “a maze of nature” and “the first oddest mountain under heaven”.
The Wuling Source is praised by tourists home and abroad as “a fairyland in human world and Xanadu”, “the representative of mountains, the model of mountains and the fairy of mountains”, “enlarged bonsai and shrunken fairyland” and “the prototype of Chinese landscape painting”. In the scenic area, three thousand peaks rise above the ground and stand erect in the primitive field, and eight hundred streams run meanderingly through valleys. It can be said that it incorporates woods, grottos, lakes and waterfall and blends oddity, grace, serenity, wildness and danger into one. There is a different view every five steps and a different world every ten steps”. Hence, it was evaluated as a national key scenic spot and historic site.
In 1992, the Wuling Source was formally listed into the World Heritage Records by UNESCO for its special and world value. Since then, it has enjoyed a reputation all the over the country and the whole globe for its marvelous, graceful and charming landscapes.
The Fanjing Mountain is located on the borders between the three counties of Jiangkou, Yinjiang and Songtao in Tongren Area in the northeast of Guizhou Province. With an altitude of 2572 meters, it is the main peak of the Wuling Mountain Range.
The Fanjing Mountain is high and steep with numerous valleys, rapid currents and waterfalls. The slopes of the mountains generally range from 30 degrees to 35 degrees. Cliffs can be found everywhere. Since it is located in the zone of subtropical humid monsoon climate, it has a mild climate with abundant water source and a great variety of animals and plants. In October of 1986, it was accepted as a member of the Network of “Man and Biosphere” Reserves by UNESCO. Its protective objects are mainly the primitive natural ecological system, Guizhou golden monkeys reputed as “the only son of the world” and rare animal and plant resources such as Davidia involucrata, reputed as “the flowering dove tree of China”.
The Jinggang Mountain is located in the middle section of Luoxiao Mountain Range at the borders of Hunan Province and Jiangxi Province. The mountain is high and large. Its main peaks all have an altitude above one thousand kilometers.
There are high mountains and dense forests here with a steep topography. In autumn of 1927, communists such as Mao Zedong and Zhu De led China workers’ and peasants’ Red Army and established the first rural revolutionary base, opened up a path of encircling the cities from the rural areas for Chinese revolution. Hence, the Jinggang Mountain is called “the cradle of revolution”. There are more than thirty revolutionary sites existent in the mountain, of which ten are under the national-level protection.
The Jinggang Mountain has extremely abundant natural resources with a forest coverage rate of 64%. The scenic area boasts more than 3800 species of plants, of which more than 30 species are rare trees, and more than twenty species of rare animals. Because of abundant animal resources, the state established a nature reserve in the Jinggang Mountain in 1981, which covers an area of 16.6 square kilometers; in 1982, the Jinggang Mountain was listed as a national key scenic area and historic site.
The Shao Mountain belongs to Xiangtan City. It is 100 kilometers away from Changsha.
It is a place with bright mountains and graceful water. It has been a secluded Xanadu till the modern times. The great man Mao Zedong was born and spent his youth here.
The Shao Mountain is one of the seven two peaks of the ancient southern mountain. It is surrounded by mountains all round. Ridges and peaks stand lofty and erect with verdant pines and cypresses. It is said that there is a “dragon root” hidden among mountain ranges (the ridges are indeed a bit like a dragon bone). Mao Zedong used to put his ox out to fee in the mountains when he was young. In 1994, the Shao Mountain was fixed as a national key scenic area and historic site and at the same time as a revolutionary tradition education base for young people of the whole country.
The Shao Mountain has been left with many relics of Mao Zedong pursuing his studies, living and engaging in revolutionary activities during his adolescent life. The present-day Shaoshanchong has scenic spots such as the former house of Mao Zedong, the tombs of his parents, Mao ancestral temple, Mao Zedong Memorial Hall and South Bank (the place where Mao Zedong pursued his studies as a child), which give people a chance to pay their respects. Moreover, the Dishui (Dripping Water) Cave Scenic Area is also a place you must pay a visit to.