Major Universities in China
Peking University was found in 1898. It was firstly named as Jingshi Daxuetang (xuetang means school in old Chinese). This is the first state-run university in China, and also the highest education organization in China at that time. After the Revolution of 1911 (the Chinese bourgeois democratic revolution led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen which overthrew the Qing Dynasty), in 1912, Jngshi Daxuetang was changed into Peking University.
As the center of the New Culture Movement (around the time of the May 4th Movement in 1919) and source of May 4th Movement, as the base at where the Marxism and democracy and science thought was firstly spread, as the earliest base of Communist Party of China, Peking University had made great and unforgettable contribution to the Chinese nation’s liberation and promoting, to the construction and development and progress of Chinese society. Patriotic, progressive, democratic, scientific are their traditional spirit that pass generation to generation.
Nowadays, Peking University is famous for its excellent teachers group and advanced researching conditions. There are 5226 professional teachers in Peking University, in them, 1379 are professors, 1780 are associate professors, 49 are academicians from the Chinese Academy of Science, 8 are academicians from Chinese Academy of Engineering. A lot of world-famous experts and scholars are invited to Peking University for lectures. At present, there are 12 national key labs, 38 province and ministry-level key labs, 2 national engineering research centers, 8 attached hospitals, 10 teaching hospitals in Peking University.
Library in Peking University is the biggest library in all the colleges and universities in Asia. There are 5,6802 collection of books, 224,000 collection of e-books and 6,500 kinds of Chinese and foreign magazines and newspaper in all. The number of book collection is the top in all the universities in China. Construction of digitized library of Peking University is very developed in the world. It is also a large-scale comprehensive information center in China.
Peking University pays much attention to the cooperation and communications with the foreign universities, research centers and transnational corporations and lots of fruits have been got. At present, the interschool communications with more than 200 colleges and universities in nearly 50 countries and area have been established.
Students have these choices as follows if they would like to study in Peking University:
(1) Apply for record formal schooling education like undergraduate course, master’s course or doctor’s course and so on.
(2) Apply for non-record formal schooling education, like Chinese further education or other disciplines.
(3) Apply for preparatory course.
(4) Apply for short-term training.
Tsinghua University is also a top and famous university in China. It is situated in the beautiful Tsinghua Garden in the northwest side of Beijing. Firstly it was Tsinghua Xuetang, built in1911, in 1918, Tsinghua Xuetang was renamed as National Tsinghua University. Up to now, Tsinghua University has become a multiple disciplines comprehensive university. Tsinghua University is one of the most important base at where high-level persons of ability are educated and the base of important scientific researches.
There are 13 schools and 54 departments in Tsinghua University. They are School of Architecture, School of Civil Engineering, School of Mechanical Engineering, School of Information Science and Technology, School of Science, School of Economics & Management, School of Public Policy& Management, School of Humanity and Social Sciences, School of Law, School of Art &Design, School of Applied Technology, Medical College. What is more, there are Graduate School and Continuing Education College in Tsinghua University. There are 60 undergraduate disciplines, 170 disciplines with the authority to award master's degree, 128 disciplines with authority to award doctor's degree.
Tsinghua University is not only a teaching center, but also an important scientific research base in China. There are 47 research institutes, 29 research centers (in them, 5 are national research centers, and also important scientific research bases.), 13 national labs (takes up 1 tenth in all of the national labs in China), and 27 postdoctoral research institutes in Tsinghua University. Now, 30,000 computers have been connected in the campus net of Tsinghua. Library takes an area of 39,000 square meters and the number of book collection is 3.5million. International and national searching service is provided through the internet. The scientific researching fund Tsinghua gets, the papers Tsinghua publishes and the science achievements Tsinghua achieves annually are all in the top of all the universities in China. Tsinghua University has made a great contribution to the development of China, no matter in the field of economy construction or technology progressing, and Tsinghua is highly praised by the same profession in and abroad.
Tsinghua University is famous for its excellent teachers and students. There are more than 3,000 teachers in Tsinghua, in them, more than 1,100 are professors, 1,200 are associate professors, and 66 are academicians from Chinese Academy of Science and Chinese Academy of Engineering. This number is also the top in all the universities in China. Now, there are 32,000students in Tsinghua University. In them, 13,700 are undergraduates, 13,400 masters, and nearly 5,000 doctors.
In Tsinghua University, students' developments are paid great attention. Tsinghua attaches importance to their ability of creating. Lots of excellent talents have received education in Tsinghua, some of them are very famous scientists, educationists, artists, engineering experts, enterprisers and political leaders. They made great contribution in many fields, like theological filed, educational field, political field and economical field.
Tsinghua University also attaches great importance to international culture communication. It has established multiple forms bilateral relationships with many famous universities, research institutions abroad and transnational corporations. They often send experts for lectures and co operations. These have improved Tsignhua University's entire level greatly. At present, there are more than 2,000 foreign students from 74 countries studying in Tsinghua University.
TOPUniversity of Hong Kong
The University of Hong Kong is the university which with the longest history in Hong Kong. It was established in 1911. The University of Hong Kong grew out of Hong Kong Western Medicine Academy. Dr. Sun Yat-sen was one of the first graduates in Hong Kong Western Medicine Academy. Establish for China is the principle of The University of Hong Kong, and good traditions have been kept for many years, their goal is nurturing leaders for the society. On the universities list of Asia, The University of Hong Kong always stays as one of the tops.
Today's the University of Hong Kong has become a world-famous comprehensive university and academic center. There are 10 schools and dozens of research centers in it. The University of Hong Kong will still concerns on students’ development, and nurture more leaders for the society.
University of Hong Kong is the right place at where thoughts are nurtured and dreams can be realize. To the wild society, the University of Hong Kong is a big family that different communities are contained. The long and glorious history of the University of Hong Kong guides us to the future. In one word, the University of Hong Kong y means a lot to people.
University of Hong Kong is a comprehensive university. There are school of engineering, school of literature, school of science, school of architecture, medical college, school of law, school of social science, school of education, school of dentist, school of Chinese medicine, school of economy and management, school of further education and so on. The number of students has surpassed 15,000.
The history of School of Professional And Continuing Education of the University of Hong Kong has been 64 years. Its principle is pushing study for whole life. It provides study opportunities those who can not leave their work. The course in School of Professional And Continuing Education of the University of Hong Kong are nearly 1,000 a year, and students number is beyond 100,000. School of Professional And Continuing Education of the University of Hong Kong is world-famous as a professional and continuing education organization.
Zhejiang University is a national key university with a very long history. It grew out of Qiushi Academy which was established in 1897. This is one of the earliest higher instates in China. Zhejiang University is situated in the famous history city and world- famous scenic spot, Hangzhou city of Zhejiang Province. Scenery in Zhejiang University is very beautiful and it is a ideal place for study.
The good tradition of Zhejiang University has nurtured lots of excellent students and created a lot of scientific fruits. Zhejiang University is famous in the world, and it had ever been praised as the Oriental Cambridge by a famous English expert.
There are 11 categories in Zhejiang University. They are philosophy, law, economics, pedagogy, literature, history, science, engineering, agronomy, medical science, management and so on. There are 110 undergraduate disciplines, 39 postdoctoral research stations, 31 first-degree disciplines that get the authority to award doctor degree, 181 doctor degree award authorized spots, 264 master degree award authorized spots, what is more, there are clinical medicine doctor degree award spot and 13 master degree award spots of JM, MBA, MPA, pedagogy master, P.E. master, agriculture popularizing master, landscape and gardening master, veterinarian master, public health master, engineering master, architecture master, clinical medicine master, stomatology master. There are 24 national key disciplines, 13 national (professional) labs, 5 national engineering research centers, 3 national humanity social science research bases, 7 national elementary research centers and mathematics talents nurturing bases, 4 national engineering teaching bases, 3 national strategy industry talent nurturing bases and 1 national college students cultural quality education base.
Nanjing University is a key university administrated by the Ministry of Education in China. It is one of the earliest universities of 211 Project (it means that 100 universities are constructed in 21st century) and a key university in 985 Project (Chairman Jiang Zemin had brought up a project in May. of 1998 that world-famous universities should be constructed in China). Nanjing University is also one of the earliest universities in China. Nanjing University included two campuses of Gulou and Pukou and it takes an area of 3,600 mu (one mu is about 667 square meters). Sceneries in Nanjing University are very beautiful, the construction scale is quite magnificent, and the teaching level and equipments are very advanced, so it has become one of the top one in Chinese universities now.
Since the Reform and Open, Nanjing University has formed a scientific pattern. There are humanities, social science, nature science, technology, life sciences, management and so on in Nanjing University.
Depend on the high-level technology and teacher, Nanjing University has become one of the top in all the universities in China. In about 10 years time, Nanjing University has won more than 800 national and ministry-level prizes. In these prizes, more than 40 are National Nature Science Prize, National Technology Progressing Prize and National Invention Prize. Since 2000, Nanjing University has won 9 National Nature Science Prizes in all. Since 1998, the National Nature Science Prizes and National Social Science Fund Projects Nanjing University has won are also one of the top in all the universities in China.
Teaching and researching condition in Nanjing University are advanced as well. There are 4.29 million collection of books in the library. This is also top in universities in China. There are 116 research institutions, 87 research centers in Nanjing University, and modern analyzing center, net information center, teaching technology center are equipped as well.
On systematic learning, Nanjing University is one of the most active universities in China. Relationships of academic exchanges and research cooperations have been established among Nanjing University and more than 180 universities and research institutes of nearly 30 countries and areas. More than 120 conferences have been hold here. More than 2,500 teachers of Nanjing University have been abroad for study, More than 1,800 foreign experts and scholars have come for lectures and more than 6,000 foreign students have been studied in Nanjing University.
Fudan University was established in 1905. It was named as Fudan College. The name of Fudan came from Shangshu dazhuan.Yuxiazhuan(this is an ancient book in China). On 27th of April, 2000, Shanghai Medical University was combined into Fudan University, then the new Fudan University found. Fudan University nowadays are even better than before. There are more than 130 labs, 5 of them are national key labs, 10 are key of Ministry of Education, 6 are key of Ministry of Public Health. And there are 7 key humanity and social science research bases, 3 libraries in which has collection of books for more than 4.33 million and more tan 25,000 kinds of magazines. These are all on top of all the universities in China.
Teachers in Fudan University are of very high qualities. There are more than 2,400 professional teachers and researchers, in them, near 1,400 are professors and associate professors, 24 are academicians of Chinese Academy of Science and Chinese Academy of Engineering, more than 660 tutors of Ph.D.students, 25 young and middle-aged experts who have made great contribution to the nation. In recent years, lots of talents have been introduced into Fudan University and a lot of excellent teachers appeared. The teaching level of Fudan University has been improved greatly. There are 8 attached hospitals like Zhongshan Hospital and Huashan Hospital. These hospitals are all equipped advanced. There are more than 900 high-level experts in these hospitals. These are all good teaching conditions of Fudan University.
TOPShanghai Jiaotong University
Shanghai Jiaotong University was established in 1896, and this is one of the earliest universities in China. In 100 years time, more than 100,000 talents have been nurtured in this university, there are outstanding politicians, social activists, enterprisers, scientists, professors and engineering experts in them. They have made great contributions to China. Famous alumnus are Jiang Zemin, Lu Dingyi, Wang Daohan, Qian Xuesen, Zou Taofen, Mao Yisheng, Cai E, Shao Lizi, Wang An and so on. In the Chinese Academy of Science and Chinese Academy of Engineering, more than 200 are alumnus of Shanghai Jiaotong University. There are more than 1,440 professors and associate professors in Shanghai Jiaotong University, and students number is more than 25,000, 9,000 of them are postgraduates.
Cooperations have been established between Shanghai Jiaotong University and more than 80 famous universities in and abroad. Many famous scholars are employed as honorary professors and advisory professors.
TOPHuazhong University of Science and Technology
Huazhong University of Science and Technology is a national key university which is directly administrated by the Ministry of Education. It is made up of Huazhong University of Technology, Tongji Medical University and Wuhan Urban Construction Institute. Huazhong University of Science and Technology is a comprehensive university in which fields of science, literature, engineering, management and medical science are all covered. Huazhong University of Science and Technology is one of the highest-level and largest –scale universities in China and it is in the list of 211 Project. Huazhong University of Science and Technology is situated in the city of Wuhan and it takes an area of 400 hectares. The sceneries are very beautiful in the campus of Huazhong University of Science and Technology and it is a good place for study.
The teaching and researching level of Huazhong University of Science and Technology is very high. There are advanced research centers in Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 3 are national engineering research centers, 5 national key labs and national professional labs, 7 are ministry-level key labs. Huazhong University of Science and Technology is equipped with CERNET, net center of Central China area, National High Performance Computing Center (Wuhan), national base of college students cultural quality education, modern teaching technology center, and modern researching labs. Besides these, there are 3 libraries in which collection of books of 3.2 million, 3 attached hospitals (in these hospitals, some are very famous in China, like the Tongji Hospital and Xiehe Hospital) and 1 publish press. What is more, the academic exchanges center, gym, swimming pool, students’ activity center, serving center are all well equipped. They serve for students and teachers of Huazhong University of Science and Technology well.
Wuhan University grew out of Ziqiang Xutang, which was established by Zhang Zhidong, the governor of Huguang in 1893. Wuhan University got present name in 1949. Wuhan University is one of the national key universities and also one of the earliest universities in which have the school of graduate. The academic disciplines covered in Wuhan University are 11 and include philosophy, economics, law, pedagogy, history, science, engineering, agronomy, medical science and management. The teaching and researching level of Wuhan University is very high, and it has a great fame in and abroad. At present, there are 105 undergraduate majors, 217 disciplines that are authorized to award master's degree (besides these, degree of MBA, JM, master of engineering are also authorized to award ), 143 disciplines that are authorized to award doctor’s degree, 28 postdoctoral research stations, 11 national key labs and national professional labs, 2 national engineering technology research centers, 20 national priority disciplines, and 8 are ascertained as the national fundamental science talents nurturing bases, 6 liberal arts bases in Wuhan University. As for the teaching group, there are 5,000 teachers, 655 tutors of Ph.D. students, more than 2,200 professors and associate professors, 12 academicians in all. Library of Wuhan University is the book center of Central China area. There are more than 5.4 million books of collection and more than 10,000 kinds of magazines in and abroad.
Wuhan University is one of the most beautiful universities in the world, and it enjoys great fame in and abroad. People honor it as the palace of science and culture and cradle of great talents in China.
TOPCentral Conservatory of Music
Central Conservatory of Music is situated in the Chunwang Prince' Maison(the birthplace of Guangxu Emperor in late Qing Dynasty), which is located in the southwest corner of Beijing. Central Conservatory of Music is directly subordinated to the Ministry of Culture. This is the only national key art institute in China, and the main task of Central Conservatory of Music is nurturing special music talents.
Since the day of establishing, a complete music education system has formed. There are Composition Department, Musicology Department, Music Education Department, Conducting Department, Voice and Opera Department, Piano Department, Orchestral Instruments Department, Traditional Instruments Department, General Education, Continuing Education College, Music School Attached to the Central Conservatory of Music, Institute of Violin Making, China Electronic Music Center, Institute of Voice Research, Institute of Music Therapy, College Modern Music Distance Education, Department of Training & Further Education in Central Conservatory of Music. Central Conservatory of Music is the center of music education, as well as the center of music research, creating and performing in China. It is a professional institute of music that enjoys great fame in and aboard.
TOPSichuan Higher Institution of Cuisine
Sichuan Higher Institution of Cuisine is the only institute which is named as Cuisine, and the main task for it is nurturing high-level catering and tourist talents. Sichuan Higher Institution of Cuisine takes an area of 2,048 m(1 mu is about 667 square meters) and the number of teachers of 442, in them 287 are full-time teachers. In Sichuan Higher Institution of Cuisine, the teaching equipments value 22,870,000 RMB, and gets 335,000 collection of books in the library. There are 58 labs in this institute and the sports equipments are well-prepared.
Now, there are 9 teaching departments in Sichuan Higher Institution of Cuisine. They are Chinese Meal Technology Department, Western Meal Technology Department, Tourist and Economics Department, Hotel Management Department, Foreign Languages Department, Information & Technology Department, Liberal Art Department, P.E. &Tourist Department and so on. 23 disciplines are set up and cover 3 fields of engineering, management and liberal art. Regular college curses, senior professional education, adult education, teach-yourself exams and short-terms trainings are included in Sichuan Higher Institution of Cuisine.
What is more, there are Protecting and Exploring of Tourist Resources Research, Cuisine Skill Identify Institute of Sichuan Province, which is the most authoritative cuisine skill identify institute in China, Sichuan Meal Research &Developing Center, which is the key humanity social science research base of Education Department of Sichuan Province in Sichuan Higher Institution of Cuisine.