Zhaohua Ancient City
Last updated by tracy1028 at 2014/5/3
Chaohua Ancient City, whose ancient name is "Jiayin Pass", has a history of more than 2000 years. It is a strategically important position in northern Sichuan, and also a place military commanders contended for.
Its present town was the one rebuilt in the Ming Dynasty, in which many ancient mansions built in Ming and Qing dynasties are preserved. 1000 meters to the east of the city is an important ferry crossing---- Jubai Crossing. It was always chanted by ancient literary men including Du Fu, Yang Shen, and Zhang Xiangtao in past dynasties who wrote inscriptions for commemoration.
With more than 2000-year history, Chaohua Ancient City’s ancient name was Jiayin Pass. Many stories in Romance of the Three Kingdoms happened here for example the following ones. Zhang Fei fight against Ma Chao at night with light; Veterans Huang Zhong and Yan Yong defeated soldiers of the Cao kingdom; Jiang Wei lost the battle at Niutou Mountain.
Chaohua Ancient City, connects river on one side and is embraced on other three sides by hills. Jia lingjiang River joins Bailongjiang River to the east of the city and go straightly into the ancient Yu prefecture (now Chongqing). So-called ferry terminal, Jinniu road penetrates the city since ancient times. Grand Jianmen Pass stands to the northwest of the city. Jubai ferry crossing guards the southeast of the city. In former days, boats and ferries were never-ending. Horses and carriages come in a steady stream into Chaohua. She is both traffic fortress and important military base.
There are many cultural relics and historical sites in Chaohua Ancient City especially historical remains during the period of Three Kingdoms. At the Western Gate is located the tomb of great general Fei Fang in Shuhan Kingdom. In the north lies the tomb of Bao San Lady, the wife of Guangsuo, general in Shu Kingdom. 5 kilometers away to the west of the city situates Yangtou Mountain. Here erects "most impregnable pass" described as "Sword Attic, at garment front position, bringing Jiayin along, facing Jialingjiang River and lying on Qingshui River, what a dangerous pass”. Nowadays it is still there with its original grandeur. Majestic appearance is the same as before. "The well visited by Jiang Wei" still exists so far. On the right offside a stone inscription in the Qing Dynasty has been stored which stands erect through years of winds and rainfalls. These cultural relics and historical sites attract innumerable visitors, archaeologists, and scholars engaged in studies on Three Kingdoms.
Outside eastern gate of Chaohua Ancient City, is the "Jubai ferry crossing at converging place of Jianglingjiang River and Bailongjiang River, where men of letters always chant in ancient times. In ancient times it was described “ten thousands people make obeisance by cupping a hand in the other before chests in daytime, thousand small bright lamps shining at night". According to New and old "Tang Chronicles", the story of Emperor Tang Ming who arrived in Sichuan and “saw a pair of fish rowing a boat to cross river, people believing them dragons" happens right away here. Here, the white Bailongjiang water joins red Jialingjiang water. At the beginning, each of them keeps its own color with distinctive characteristics looking like two dragons winding together, forming one big marvelous spectacle. Poets in the past dynasties including Du Fu, Yang Shen, Zhang Wentao all wrote inscriptions to chant this. This one marvelous spectacle is so far just like the one in the past, clear and distinguishable.
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It is a strategically important position in northern Sichuan and also a famous ancient city site and a place military commanders always contended for.
Recommended time for a visit：One or two days
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