Qiantang River (钱塘江) is the largest river in Zhejiang Province, China. Every year during August 15th to August 18th of the lunar month in China, the Qiantang Tide occurs. It is called “the Biggest Tide in the World”, which also make the river well known to the world.
The tide is caused by the tide generating force of moon and sun. When the tide approaches, the extraordinary tide water sounds like a thousand horses running at a tremendous speed.
Suppressing Dragon King
In folklore, there is a legend more close to the peoples’ life. The story is tied with the Liuhe pagoda, also called Six Harmonious Pagoda. In ancient time, the God of Qiantang River, Dragon King, was very fierce and brutal who always brought rainstorms and billowede farmlands nearby.
This infuriated locals. What’s worse, because of the big wave, Liuhe’s parents were swept away when fishing on the boat. Liuhe was so angry and distressed that he threw stones into the river to calm it down. Finally, Liuhe’s behavior result in the submission of the Dragon King.
Soul of Zixu Wu
In Spring and Autumn period in ancient China, there was territorial dispute between Wu State and Yue State. In order to recruit talent and wise people to govern the state better, Emperor He Luentrust Zixu Wu. Later Fu Chai (夫差) was recommended by Zixu Wu and became the king of Wu State.
But the new King Fu Chai didn’t trust in Wu Zixu and thought Zixu an enormous threat. So he killed Zixu because of his suspicion. Before the execution, Wu Zixu asked for hanging his head on the city wall of state to see the overturn of Wu State and throwing his body into Qiantang River. It became the angry tide wave against the ridiculous behavior of King Fu Chai.
King Qian Shoots the Tide
During the period of Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, fights and wars were frequent. There was a state called Wu Yue, which was governed by Qian Liu. Instead of involving in the war, King Qian Liu led his people to build water conservancy and construct the city wall and moat.
During the construction of Qiantang River embankment, it was always destroyed by the tide wave. The attendants said that it was the God of Tide making the trouble. The 18th day of August 18th on Chinese lunar calender) was the birthday of the God of Tide, Qian Liu led over ten thousands archers to shoot the tide. Then the tide ran out and the embankment was completed finally.
What to Do
International Qiantang River Tidal Bore Watching Festival
Every Mid-Autumn Day, thanks to the effort of the tide generating force of moon and sun, the size of the tide reaches the maximum. It is the best time to watch the tide in Haining (海宁), Hangzhou. International Qiantang River Tidal Bore Watching Festival attracts a lot of visitors every year. It is a tradition of watching tide in Hangzhou for over 2,000 years. The tide canreach as high as 8 metersand surge forward at the speed of nearly 10 meters per second. When it is surging, it sounds like thunders roaring.
Watching tide is also dangerous as well. Travelers going to watch the tide should stand in the designated areas and obey the management of the local policemen.
Nightscape of the River Side
There is always a tranquil place next to the metropolis. Qiantang River is the very place in Hangzhou. Besdies watching the tide, it is also a good place for strolling. Compared to the roaring Qiantang River tide, the nightview of Qiantang River embankment is tranquil and special
Across the Qiantang River, the 77-year-old Qiantang River Bridge stretches to the other side of the river with over 1, 453 meters. The bright grand bridge is like a giant golden dragon couching the dark river.
The Liuhe Pagoda along the Qiantang River isthe place to get a good view of grand Qiantang River, majestic Qiantang Bridge and the scenery of Hangzhou. The West Lake and Lingyin Temple are also must-see for travelers.