Zhuhuan Nature Reserve
Zhuhua is known to the Gem of the East and Treasure of the East. It is listed as a globally protected bird in the 12th conference of the world bird protection.
The Zhuhuan Nature Reserve is located in South Shaanxi in the Yang County of Hanzhong City.
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Zhuhua is known to the Gem of the East and Treasure of the East. It is listed as a globally protected bird in the 12th conference of the world bird protection. The Zhuhuan Nature Reserve is located in South Shaanxi in the Yang County of Hanzhong City.
According to the statistics taken in the year 1984, there had only been 20 of these birds anywhere in the world. Out of these, several were kept in Beijing zoos, 3 had been caged in Japan and the rest could be found in the Yang County, in Qin Mountain’s southern foots. The nature reserve had therefore been once given the name of Zhuhuan Colony of the Qing Mountains.
The Zhuhuan Birds
The Zhuhuan birds were formerly known as Nipponia Nippon. In English they are also known as the Japanese Crested Ibis and has many other names such as Zhulu, which is the common name, Japanese Fengtou and red faced Huanlu. During the 70s, there had been no report of any wild Zhuhuan in the Korean Peninsula or in Siberia. These birds are regarded to be auspicious. The birds weigh around 1800 grams and are 80 cm in length.
The entire body tends to be white while the wings, tail and abdomen are beautiful vermillion color. The bird’s mouth is around 17 cm in length and the tip of the beak is curved downwards slightly. The head of the birds have dozens of feathers which resemble willow leaves and form feather coronal. The paws and legs of the birds are also vermillion in color.
The Characteristics of Zhuhuan
The Zhuhuan birds like to rest in a shallow gully. They search for aquatic insects as food in rice paddies. These birds hover usually in groups. They are glorified by past dynasties’ poets for their unique colored feathers, light dancing gestures when they land or leave the ground and elegant posture. Since Zhuhuan had been discovered in China in the year 1981, it has been considered highly important.
The Observation And County Protection Station
The observation and county protection station of Yang County had first been established in 1983. The name of this station had then been changed in 1986. The station had been established for protecting the species of Zhuhuan. The station has made great progress in the last few decades. Since its discovery, the Zhuhuan birds have increased in number from 7 to more than 300.
The Zhuhuan Nature Reserve is located 3 km north of Yangxian. It also built a breeding center, a missionary museum, a flying shed and several other facilities. The grass that can be found near the Pa center is used as the roosting center for the birds. Over 60 Zhuhuan as well as various other birds use this roosting site every night. Various protected areas have also been established to educated people.