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The Heilongjiang Province is blessed with a long and rich history. There is evidence to suggest that the earliest human beings began to live in Heilongjiang as far back as 30,000 to 40,000 years ago. In more recent times, the ancestors of 3 main ethnic groups—Sushen, Kuaimo, and Dong Hu—inhabited the region, just before the Qin Dynasty (221 BC-206 BC). Fuyu, which was established at the end of the Warring States period (475-221 BC), was the first local center of administration set in Heilongjiang.
In the Tang Dynasty (618-907), 3 prefectures—Shiwei, Heishui, and Bohai—were recognized. Khitans, the ethnic group that set up the Liao Dynasty (907-1125), once captured the Bohai Prefecture and thus established their Dongdan Kingdom. The emporers of the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) changed history once again by naming the capital Huining Fu in the Huining Prefecture (today’s Acheng City in Baicheng County). Finally in the Ming Dynasty (1367-1644), the court set up Nu’er Gandu Prefecture that administered 384 Wei (places for stationing troops in Ming Dynasty) in northeastern China.