Hong Kong Travel Guide

Last updated by peggie at 2014-4-21

Hong Kong Overview

Hong Kong is often called the "Oriental Pearl", deriving it's name from the Xiangjiang River. The two Chinese characters in the name "Xiang" and "Gang" together mean the "Fragrant Harbor". Hong Kong was originally the name of the small settlement of present day Aberdeen. It was an important fishing and transit port before the colonial period. Some historians say that its Chinese name was derived from the fragrant incense that frequently wafted around the waterways.

With an area of 1,110sq.km, Hong Kong consists of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, The New Territories and a group of 263 islands. Located on the southeast coastline of China, it is to the east of the mouth of Pearl River and about 200 km away from Guangzhou city, faces Macao across the sea in the west, and boarders Shenzhen city in the north.

Hong Kong has a population of 6,900,000 of which 96% are Chinese.  July 1st 1997 saw an end to British colonial rule when it was returned to China under the "One Country, Two Systems" policy. The Cantonese language is the mother tongue of the Hong Kong people but Mandarin language is becoming more popular and is taught in all schools. It has become a 'special administrative region of the People's Republic of China'.  Hong Kong enjoys a high degree of autonomy with its own currency, laws and customs.

Hong Kong has developed into a very modern society. Many industries are leading the world, particularly in, telecommunication, banking, insurance and technology. It is one of East Asia's leading trading and transshipment centers. It has become renowned for its lifestyle and entertainment  being amongst the world’s best.. Another aspect to this development and now gaining world-wide recognition is the movie industry.  Many productions are now being screened around the globe.

Of course Hong Kong has always been famous destination for gourmets being noted for its restaurants and especially its Cantonese cuisine. But visitors can taste fine wine and food from every corner of the world. With its bustling and crowded shopping malls and stalls, if you can't find 'it' in Hong Kong then it isn't available anywhere.  This vibrant city is "Shopper's Paradise".

Thanks to its advantageous geographical position, Hong Kong is well-known as an important world financial, shipping and trading centre for international business. It has a monsoonal climate with cool, dry winters and a summer wet season, it is easy to enjoy at all times

President Fleet on the Yangtze River

Full Name: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China

International Telephone Code: 852

Post Code: 999077

Area: 1092 sq.km

Population: 6,898,686(2005)

Currency: The legal currency is Hong Kong dollar which is linked to the US dollar. Approximately 7.8 HK dollars equals one US dollar.

Time Zone: GMT +8, and the same as mainland China, Taiwan and Singapore.

Languages: Chinese (Cantonese) and English are the official languages. Written information is Chinese and English. Cantonese is the most widely spoken Chinese dialect and many young people, especially in shops, hotels, and service industries, can speak both Mandarin and English.

Regionalization : Hong Kong has eighteen districts, including Hong Kong Island's Mid Western District, Wan Chai District, Eastern District and Western District, and Yau Tsim Mong District on Kowloon.

Related News: Lonely Planet Selects Hong Kong as Top City to Visit in 2012

Top Things to Do in Hong Kong

See the full list of things to do in Hong Kong.

Hong Kong Travel Guide

How to Travel in Hong Kong: Suggested Itineraries

  • Travel to Hong Kong in One Day:
    Arrival - Peak Tower & Peak Tram- New Territories – Ten Thousand Buddahs Monastery – Nightlife in Lan Kwai Fong/ Departure
  • Travel to Hong Kong in Three Day:
    Day 1: Arrival
    Day 2: Victoria Peak - Stanley Market
    Day 3: Lantau Island across Tsing Ma Bridge - Po Lin Monastery - The Giant  Buddha - the Tai O picturesque and beautiful village - Departure 

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There are 14 comments on this topic

posted by "113.190.69.*" at 2013-11-15 8:03:00



posted by "112.210.92.*" at 2013-5-9 23:40:00

i just love shopping in hong kong as well as travel tfrom island to island aboard luxury yacht. http://elitecharters.hk


posted by "ekejiuba" at 2012-8-26 2:42:00

Am a student here in Guanxi guilin from Nigeria, how can i obtain hong kong visa here in china just for visiting.


posted by "124.158.192.*" at 2012-3-30 7:58:00

Excellent city


posted by "182.7.60.*" at 2011-12-17 7:20:00

i love hongkong, i wish to go there againwaterproof camera


posted by "luca" at 2011-6-26 10:23:00

A great place to stay! It looks like London, but it's China. A lot of thins to see, to do!


posted by "baho" at 2011-4-13 11:26:00

I don't like Hong Kong. Kowloon is too crowded and I hate the double deckers, people are ok but not as hospitable as in Mainland China. Then Hong Kong Island: Expensive, cold people and all people seem to care about is their image.


posted by "cbonnal" at 2011-3-27 4:49:00

Unlike what many people think, Hong Kong is not just about shopping. Hong Kong has great natural scenery to offer, especially Sai Kung National Park, in the New Territories. Beautiful nature, parks and beaches is what I loved the most.


posted by "imatraveler" at 2011-1-17 20:39:00

This is a great place, where anybody from any ages can enjoy- visiting the various parks- disneyland and ocean park, and experiencing their culture- Lantau Island. The food is great, as well as the linked transportation service (MTR) serves this as a good place to visit. Hong Kong is a nice place not only for businessman alike but for tourists who just wanted to enjoy


posted by "dalila" at 2011-1-15 5:58:00

Hong Kong is really worth a visit. I went many times as I was living in Taiwan for a few years. HK is just great. Modern but also typical if you walk averywhere. Food is amazing. Shopping is great. People are very nice. Easy to travel around. Just great!


posted by "chris_blake2001" at 2010-12-5 23:29:00

I'd have to say it is the best city in the world. I could never imagine a place like this. What is incredible is that if I were to think of the best city, Hong Kong is even better! It is a place of dreams!


posted by "chris_blake2001" at 2010-12-5 23:29:00

I'd have to say it is the best city in the world. I could never imagine a place like this. What is incredible is that if I were to think of the best city, Hong Kong is even better! It is a place of dreams!


posted by "219.159.104.*" at 2010-11-15 21:42:00

Hong Kong is a shopping paradise! You can buy anything with a very reasonable price in this city!


posted by "Beijingexpat" at 2008-6-15 22:51:00


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Hong Kong Facts

  • City Name:Hong Kong (香港, xiāng gǎng)
  • Population:7.13 million
  • Location:Southeast China
  • Features:One of the four financial centers in the world
  • Area Code:00852
  • Zip Code:999077

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