Maoxian Cave Scenic Area
Brief introduction of the scenic spot：
Maoxian Cave Scenic Area is surrounded by water on three sides and noted for the beautiful sceneries of Huaishang. The Huai River curves around the area. There are graceful gullies and luxuriant trees in the mountain. Below the mountain the water of Huai River twists in and out like white silk. The mountain rocks grow downward and point obliquely to the south sky. It has been a historic site for training the two religions of Buddhism and Taoism since antiquity and more a superb place for sightseeing. The area has a large number of historic sites and scenic resorts, natural landscapes and human landscapes, including Maoxian Cave, Ancient Frontier Pass of Shoutang, the First Valley of the Huai River, Ancient Xiangyou Temple, Ling Gui Listening to Deep Meditation, and the Ancient battlefield of the Battle of Fei River, etc, which add radiance and beauty to each other.
During the years of Emperor Hancheng’s reign, Mao Ying roamed about to make a pilgrimage to the immortals. When he passed through this place, he found that it had fantastic sceneries and also a deep cave suitable for performing penance. Therefore, he retreated to the cave and cultivated himself according to a religious doctrine. Soon, his two brothers, who secured official positions in the capital city, also resigned from their posts and came here to learn principles. The three brothers opened roads and cut down trees to built the hall and the Taoist temple, whence came the name of Maoxian Cave.
In the 24th year of the Republic of China (1935), the Taoist disciples Su Lichun and Su Zongshan beg alms extensively and raised funds to rebuild the hall. The name of the hall was changed to Qingtian Taoist Temple. Now the Maoxian Cave and Qingtian Taoist Temple are situated on a platform on a mountain slope, which covers an area of more than three hundred square meters. The top of the archway as the main entrance is engraved with the characters of “Qingtian Taoist Temple” written by Wang Yidao, a famous calligrapher in the Qing Dynasty. Passing through the archway, you will find a green flagging leading directly to patio. The cliff, which is to the north of the patio courtyard, has ancient cypresses reaching the sky. To the south of the courtyard, there is a range of Taoist buildings. To the west of the courtyard, there is a grand hall, which is a building with carved beams and painted pillars. Behind the grand hall, there is the Treasure Palace of Sanqing. Above the Maoxian Cave, there is the Sanxian Pavilion built along the mountain slope. In the pavilion stands the statue of Sanmao to be enshrined and worshipped. Below the pavilion, there is respectively one hexagonal pavilion on both sides.