Festivals & Celebrations in Hunan
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Hunan Local festivals
People, living in the reaches of Dongting Lake, place emphasis on four festivals: Spring Festival, Dragon Boat Festival (5th day of the 5th lunar month), Mid-autumn Festival, and the festival of the twelfth month of the lunar year, Dragon Boat Festival is the busiest one of them. During this day, people will hold many activities to celebrate it such as hanging calamous and moxa on the front door, eating Zongzi (pyramid-shaped dumpling of glutinous rice), drinking hsiung huang wine, and racing dragon boats.
Tujia ethnic nationality of the west of Hunan province celebrate the New Year three times a year: 28th or 29th day of the 12th lunar month( hurry to spend New Year ), 25th day of the 6th lunar month（the June New Year), and the 1st day of the 10th lunar month(the October New Year). The day before the eve of the New Year (that is so-called “hurry to spend New Year”), at night, a bright bonfire is built at the open ground of the stockaded village. Men and women of Tujia attend Swaying Hands Dance Collection and sing songs for New Year. “The new year June “derived from an important migration. The day they settled was 25th day of the 6th lunar month, so they decided to slaughter cattle to worship the deities and spent New Year in advance. Consequently, they gradually formed the habit of spending the June new year However, the 1st day of the 10th lunar month (the October New Year) originated from the first bumper crop season they achieved after migration. On that day, Tujia people hold some activities to celebrate it such as slaughter pigs, drinking wine, and wishing a Happy New Year with each other. Therefore, they gradually formed the habit of spending the October New Year.
Bai Nationality of Zhangjiajie holds traditional Torch Festival on the 25th day of the 6th lunar month. The purpose of this festival is to kill the pests and protect the crops. During this day, people of Bai Nationality will hold the celebration ritual of wishing a bumper crop and thriving herds of livestock. The principal activities are offering a sacrifice to ancestors and the torches, playing the torches, igniting the torches, and jumping the torches etc.