Bali Island is ranked to be a famous and brilliant island among the over 136,000 islands in Indonesia, covering an area of 5,620 square kilometers and being a renowned tourist heaven of Indonesia. Its location is at 8 degrees south of Equator of the Indian Ocean, in the south of Java Island and more than 1,000 kilometers from the capital city of Jakarta. The island is 140 kilometers wide from east to west and 80 kilometers long from north to south. It faces Java Island (where the capital city is located) and is only 1.6 kilometers away from it. Bali is situated in the tropic zone and is influenced by the ocean, so it enjoys mild climate and abundant rainfall. Bali Island boasts rich soil, clear water, verdant hills, flowers in full bloom and exuberant forests. The Balinese people are very fond of flowers, loving using flowers as their decorations. So Bali is also reputed as the “Island of Flowers”. The island is mostly mountainous, and the topography goes lower from east to west. There are four or five cone-shaped volcanoes, among which the Mount Agung or Gunung Agung with the height of 3,142 meters above sea level, is the highest point of the island. Near it, there is the Mount Batur (Gunung Batur) which is an active volcano that once erupted in 1963. With soft sand, wide beaches and crystal water, Bali Island attracts numerous tourists from all over the world every year to enjoy the beautiful scenery of its beaches, such as Kuta Beach, Sanur Beach and Nusa Dua Beach.
Bali Island enjoys abundant sunshine with the annual precipitation of about 1,500 mm for most parts of the island. The dry season lasts for about 6 months. Bali is one of the wealthiest regions in Indonesia. The density of population ranks the second in the whole country only second to Java. The inhabitants there are mainly Balinese who believe in Hinduism. Bali is renowned for its highly-developed temple architectures, sculptures, paintings, music, textiles, singing, dancing and beautiful scenery as well. Bali is one of the popular tourist destinations in the world. More than 65% of the land is used for farming, producing rice, corn, cassava, coconut, coffee, tobacco leaf, peanut, broccoli, onion, fruits, palm oil, etc. Major export products are cattle, coffee and desiccated coconut. The Lombok Strait on the east of Bali is of great importance in biology, because it is part of the biogeographical boundary between the fauna of Indo-Malaysia and the distinctly different fauna of Australasia.
Bali is one of the top three popular tourist destinations in Indonesia, which is renowned for the typical tropical seashore scenery and the unique local customs. It is just like a fairy land on earth with soft and clean sand, fresh air, exuberant trees and flowers in full bloom all year round.
Bali boasts not only beautiful natural scenery, but also the unique and colorful social and cultural customs. The classical dances of the Balinese people are elegant and varied in postures, playing an important part in the dancing arts of the world. The lion dance and the sword dance are the most representative ones of Balinese dances.
Most of the inhabitants of Bali believe in Agama Hindu which was introduced to the island by Hindus from Sumatra and Java in the 11th century. They mainly worship three gods, including Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, and Sakyamuni of Buddhism. In addition, they also worship Titan (the ruler of sun), Arethusa (the ruler of water), Hephaestus (the ruler of fire), Aeolus (the ruler of wind), etc. During the 15th century, many artists left Java and came to Bali, bringing numerous and developed artistic forms, including dancing, sculpture, painting, and other forms. Nowadays you can see sculptures of images of gods, animals and birds, exotic flowers and plants everywhere on temples, shrines, pillars and ground masses. Ubud in central Bali is the most artistic area of the whole island, where it gathers many art galleries and stone sculpture studios, attracting a number of art lovers. Museum Neka has a rich collection of artistic works made by local artists and artists coming from all over the world to settle in Bali. Mas Woodcarving Village and Batubulan Stone carving Village, south of Ubud are all the communities where some quite famous artists gather. Tourists who decide to visit these places will have chances to watch the artists creating art on site, or buy their works as souvenirs.
The Bali Island has tropical climate with hot weather all year round. The annual average temperature is about 28℃. The rainy season lasts from October to March of the following year and the dry season lasts from April to October. It is not recommended to visit Bali in rainy season. April, which is the first month after the rainy season, is the hottest season of the year in Bali. The best time to visit Bali is from May to September when the cold air goes northward from Australia. However, during the tourist rush seasons, there is hardly any discount for flights or accommodation, so pre-booking is highly recommended and necessary. As for the regional climate of Bali, most of the island enjoys sunny and hot weather, except for the mountainous region in central Bali with lower temperature and the areas near the sea with higher temperature.
In terms of weather, the dry season from April to September) is the best time to visit Bali Island. However, you can still enjoy your vocation during the rest seasons of the year though the weather is relatively damp and gloomy with more storms and rainfall. In July, August and early September, when Europe, America and Japan are on summer vacation, Bali receives the largest number of tourists in the whole year. During these months, demand for hotel rooms is very large, and usually the accommodation prices will also rise much higher than usual. School vacations are also the peak tourist season, especially in early April, the end of June to early July and the end of September. Vacation resorts, such as Legian, in south Bali, are tailored to serve these tourists. Many Indonesians usually visit Bali during the Indonesian holidays. Other than these periods, Bali is a relatively peaceful place when you can easily find accommodation in most of the places and you don’t need to make a reservation even when you want to dine in your preferred restaurant.