Jakarta, also called “coconut Jakarta” or “Coconut City”, is the capital and the largest city of Indonesia. Located in the northwest shore of Java Island, Jakarta is the largest city in Southeast Asia and an important seaport city in the world. Jakarta began to take shape as a port city dating back to the 14th century with the original name of “Sunda Kelapa”, meaning “coconuts”. The overseas Chinese called it “Coconut City”. In the 16th century, it was renamed “Jakarta”, meaning “victorious deed” or “complete victory”. Most of the local inhabitants are Javanese, with seom Chinese and Dutch people. The official language is Indonesian. Jakarta is one of the three most popular tourist cities of Indonesia. Inside the city, trees shade the streets and there are evergreen trees planted along both sides of the streets. The world-famous Bogor Botanical Gardens (Kebun Raya) and tea plantation are located in the city. In addition, there are many places of interest and historic relics, such as Merdeka Square (Medan Merdeka or Lapangan Merdeka), Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (Beautiful Indonesia Miniature Park), Ancol Dreamland, Thousand Islands (Kepulauan Seribu), National Museum of Indonesia (Museum Nasional) and Istiqlal Mosque (Masjid Istiqlal).. Kota used to be the center of the ancient Dutch town of Batavia in the 17th century. It is surrounded by Taman Fatahillah Square paved with cobblestones. Walking northwards from the beautiful ancient Dutch building complexes in Kota, you will come to the very old port of Sunda Kelapa, reminding people of the time when sailing boats from all over the world used to gather together there. The whole city has more than 200 mosques, among which there are more than 100 Christian or catholic churches and several scores of Buddhist or Taoist temples. Pancoran is a Chinese community, and the south gate nearby is the Chinese commercial center. Tanjung Priok which is 10 kilometers away from Jakarta is a world famous seaport.
The National Monument is a 433 ft (132 meter) tall tower located in the center of Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta, symbolizing the fight for Indonesia’s independence. It is the tallest building of the capital city, topped by a flame made with 35 kilograms of gold. Taking a lift to the top of the tower, the panoramic view of the city will come into view, such as skyscrapers, large mansions, wide streets, streaming vehicles, trees and flowers. Jalan Thamrin in the newly developed area is the main avenue of Jakarta, which is wide, clean and lined with modern skyscrapers and exclusive shopping malls. It is the “Wall Street” of Indonesia where banks and big companies gather.
The topography of Jakarta goes lower from south to north. There are 10 rivers of various sizes flow through the city, among which the Ciliwung River is the most famous one. Jakarta has a tropical rainforest climate with the annual average temperature of about 27 ℃. Under the influence of equator, Jakarta is under western monsoon from November to April of the following year and eastern monsoon from May to October. The wet season in Jakarta lasts from November to June of the following year and the remaining months are the dry season. The soil there is fertile, contributing to the evergreen trees and full blossoms all year round.