Golden Horse and Jade Cock (Jinma Biji) Memorial Archways

Last updated by david at 2014/5/3

There are a lot of legends about Golden Horse and Jade Cock. Some people say that the golden horse is the embodiment of the fine horse in Dianchi Lake, and the jade cock is the embodiment of a peacock. Other people say the golden horse is the totem of the bronze which is rich in Yunnan, and the jade cock is the spiritual symbol of jade. Still others think that golden horse refers to the steep Golden Horse (Jinma) Mountain in East Kunming, and Jade Cock is the winding and exquisite Jade Cock (Biji) Mountain in the West.

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A more widely believed legend goes that the golden horse and the jade cock are the gods of the sun and the moon. When the sun rises, the glittering Golden Horse looks like a galloping horse. When the sun sets, the misty Jade Cock looks like a dancing peacock.

Jinmabiji Archway

Jinmabiji Archways

The archways of Golden Horse and Jade Cock were built on an east-west axis, not far from each other. At 5 or 6 p.m. on the day when Autumn Equinox (September 22, 23 or 24 of the Gregorian calendar) and the Mid-Autumn Festival (August 15 of the lunar calendar) of the year of cock (you year. There are 12 symbolic animals associated with a 12-year cycle, often used to donate the year of a person’s birth. One of the animals is cock) happened to be the same day (it happened once every 60 years), when the sun has set and the moon is rising, the shadow of sunshine on Golden Cock becomes longer gradually and the shadow of moonlight on the Jade Cock becomes clearer [Traditional Chinese calendar calculated the passage of years, months, days and hours by combining one Heavenly Stem (tian gan in Chinese. The 10 Heavenly Stems are jia, yi, bing, ding, wu, ji, geng, xin, ren and gui) and one Earthly Branch (di zhi in Chinese. The 12 Earthly Branches are zi, chou, yin, mao, chen, si, wu, wei, shen, you, xu and hai) to form 60 unique pairs in a complete cycle. In the lunar calendar in use today, only years and days are in such cyclic pairings]. Then the shadows of Golden Cock and Jade Cock draw near bit by bit and finally become one shadow. That is the splendid scene of the overlapping shadow of Golden Horse and Jade Cock.

It is said that the phenomenon of the overlapping shadow of Golden Horse and Jade Cock appeared during the reign of Emperor Daoguang (1821-1851). Once during the reign of Emperor Guangxu (1875-1909), the shadows of Golden Horse and Jade Cock nearly overlapped but disappeared when they were only several steps apart because the two archways were not rebuilt strictly according to the original size after being destructed during war. The present archways of Golden Horse and Jade Cock were rebuilt in the 1960s strictly according to the original size. It is hopeful that the spectacle of Overlapping Shadow of Golden Horse and Jade Cock will appear some day in the future.

The archways of Golden Horse and Jade Cock have long been the symbol of Kunming. People refer to Yunnan as the homeland of Golden Horse and Jade Cock, which are the pattern for the city emblem.

 Recommended hours for a visit:Two hours

Solo Adventure Tips:

Location:

How to Get There?

Bus routes: Bus No.3 and Bus No.4

Ticket Price:

Opening Hours:
whole day

More Tips:

1. There are several public houses behind Golden Horse and Jade Cock Archways. The most famous one is Hump Bar. The place bustles every night, and it is a very good place to taste the local food.

2. It is a nice place to go since many fashion shops, fancy shops, restaurants, and health clubs, pubs, pleasure grounds, supermarkets and sight-seeing minibuses cluster in the Golden Horse and Jade Cock Pedestrian Street


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