Wat Haw Pha Kaew was built in 1565 A.D. and was located in Vientiane. It was a royal family temple for worshiping the Jade Buddha and holding religious ceremonies. The magnificent temple is three storeys high with gorgeous palace hall and huge Buddha altar. However, in 1779 A.D, the King of Siam with his army invaded the city and looted the Jade Buddha as well. In 1828, Vientiane was captured by Siam and the whole city was reduced to ashes including the Jade Buddha Temple. Until 1936, the authorities of Laos and France decided to renovate the temple according to its original appearance. Regarding the Jade Buddha Temple as a religious art museum, the authorities transferred the collections of other temples to the Jade Buddha Temple. The renovation of the temple was completed in 1942 A.D. After renovation, there are a number of stone statues of Buddha in the winding corridor of the temple, acting as a Buddhism museum. In the year 1954, a number of collections form other museums were transferred to the Jade Buddha Temple again. Many precious collections can be seen there, such as the gold throne, the wood carving of high quality and statues of Buddha of various sizes and shapes. All of the collections in the museum are the precious treasure of Laos.