E'mei Mountain is one of the Four Sacred Buddhist Mountains in China and is situated in the Sichuan Province in Western China. The mountain is known for its sweeping cliffs, high reaching peaks, gushing waterfalls, gurgling springs, towering ancient trees and sweet scented flowers. E’mei Mountain has diverse and lush vegetation, ranging from subtropical to subalpine pine forests. It has been estimated that some of the trees there are more than 1,000 years old.
It was given World Heritage site status in 1996 and is a favorite destination for tourists from all over the world. E'mei Mountain extends upwards for more than 200 kilometers and the height of its summit reaches 3099 meters above sea level. The beautiful atmosphere at the summit of E’mei Mountain is home to the first Buddhist temple in China; it was built in the 1st century A.D. As the centuries passed the cultural and national treasures grew in number. The Bodhisattva of E’mei is Samantabhadra, know in Chinese as Puxian.
It is reputed that in the 16th and 17th century, martial arts were widely practiced in the Shaolin monasteries of E’mei Mountain, and it is believed to be the origin of Chinese boxing.
The people of china have given E’mei Mountain many names in order to describe its beauty including: "Fairy Mountain and Buddhist Kingdom": "Botanical Kingdom": "Paradise of Animals" and "Geological Museum".
With the changes of the seasons and the different mountain topographies, the scenery is wide ranging and forever interesting. There is a wide gap between temperatures on the mountain and at the foot of the mountain; there are "four seasons in a day and different weather every ten meters"
The monkeys that inhabit the mountain are one of the many animal species that enjoy life there. They are not fearful of people and have a happy and playful relationship with tourists. It has become a unique tourist experience at E'mei Mountain.
With its World Heritage status E'mei Mountain is sure to have a profound influence in China and around the world for many generations to come.
The Baoguo Temple at the foot of the Mt. Emei is the largest temple on the Mt. Emei and the starting point for taking a tour of the Mt. Emei. The temple was built during the years of Wanli period in the Ming Dynasty. The horizontal tablet of "Baoguo Temple" was written by Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty. It is the place where the Mt. Emei Buddhist Society is located. The Baoguo Temple is originally named Huizong Hall, which has the meaning of blending the three religions of Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism into one. Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty granted the name of "Baoguo Temple", which adopts the meaning that dedicating to the service of the country comes first in "repaying four kindness" in the sutra. The whole temple is a typical courtyard house covering an area of more than 10 acres. Each courtyard has one view and the scenery changes as you go deeper and deeper, which is rather a spectacular scene. The main hall of the temple built along the mountain has four layers with one layer higher than another, which presents a grand and natural appearance.
Wanian Temple is one of the eight largest temples on the Mountain. It was first built in the in the East Jin Dynasty and was renamed as White Water Puxian Temple after a series of devastation and reconstruction. The temple contains five halls lay in a tier style including the Mountain Gate, Buddha Miatreya Hall, Brick Hall, Wei'e Treasure Hall, the Treasure Hall of Great Hero. The Brick Hall of the Wannian Temple is a wonder of ancient buildings. During the past four hundred years, it has gone through several earthquakes of magnitude 5 to 7.9 but it is still standing to this day. Hence, it is reputed as a miracle in the history of ancient architecture in China. A highlight of the temple is a bronze statue of Puxian riding an elephant, which was cast in Chengdu by a Buddhist monk named Maozhen under an imperial order during the Song Dynasty. The bronze statue has a symmetrical proportion with superior casting craftwork. It is 7.85 meters high and weighs 62 tons. What How such a huge objective was transported and placed on the mountain remains a mystery.
Tips: Wannian Temple has cableway to mountain climbing and sightseeing areas like the Gold Summit. Many tourists take the Wannian Temple as the starting point for climbing the mountain while other tourists take it as the ending point for completing the tour of the mountain. The admission fee for this scenic point is 10 yuan. If tourists want to use cableway the cost is 40 yuan and 30 yuan for going down.
Qingyin Pavilion was built by a Tang Dynasty Buddhist monk, whose Buddhism spiritualism exists today around the mountain. The pavilion presents a fine natural picture with pavilions, towers, corridors exquisitely combined with waters and hills.
The number of the Buddhist temples dotting the mountain is quite inspiring but the views from the Golden Summit at an elevation of 3,077 meters above sea level steals the glory. The Gold Summit is an extravagance of natural wonders and Buddhism spiritualism, which comprise of four marvelous spectacles of Sunrise, Cloud Sea, Buddhist Light and sacred lamp. The scenery of a red glowing sun dancing over the sea of clouds in the east is fabulous. A few lucky visitors will encounter the Buddhist Light which only occurs 14 times a year. On these occasions, your shadow is cast before you in the mist and a colorfully glowing lights circle you as if you are attained enlightenment.
The four-side ten-direction golden statue of Puxian on the Golden Summit of the Mt. Emei is the highest golden Buddha in the world and also the first artistic design of ten-direction statue of Puxian. The golden Buddha is a Buddhist statue built by employing the craftwork of copper casting and gold-plating. It has a total height of 48 meters and a total weight of 660 tons. It is composed of the dado and ten-direction statue of Puxian. The golden Buddha's total height of 48 meters stands for 48 wishes of Amitable Buddha. "Ten-direction" firstly means ten practices and wishes of Puxian and secondly symbolizes the ten directions of east, south, west, north, southeast, southwest, northeast, northwest, up and down in Buddhism and means the boundless practices and wishes of Puxian can satisfy Buddha of ten directions and three lives and all living things. The ten head sculptures of Puxian are composed of three layers with varied expressions, which stand for ten mentalities of earthlings.
Elephant Watching Pool
The Elephant Watching Pool has a height of 2070 meters above sea level. It has misty white clouds and ancient tall tress around. When the bright moon shines high in the sky in autumn, all is quiet with boundless pure light. Looking up at the sky, you will feel like an immortal. The "Night Moon over the Elephant Pool" is the famous sight here. At night when the bright moon is high in the sky and moonlight is reflected in the pool, the water and the sky are in one color with serene and beautiful scenery.
In the mountain lies one of China's alpine ski resorts-the Emei Mountain Ski Resort.