Caishi Rock Scenic Resort
Lying to the southwest of the city，Caishi Rock is regarded as the best of three rocks that project over the Yangtze River. Caishi was also a famous ancient battlefield where more than twenty battles had taken place in history owing to its strategic importance. In addition, it was a Buddhist Mecca in the past; For instance, Guangji Temple, which was established in West Han Dynasty, was a famous Buddhist temple in the south of the Yangtze River.
Because of its scenery, Li Bai, a famous poet in Tang Dynasty, had paid many a visit to the Caishi Rock and had written a great number of poems to describe its scenery. Later, Li Bai died and buried in Qingshan Mountain. To the memory of Li Bai, a building was constructed in Tang Dynasty. For thousands of years, many scholars and literati were attracted to visit the Caishi Rock and Li Bai’s tomb.
Nowadays, Caishi Rock Scenic Resort is a national tourism spot, with a combination of natural and man-made scenery, owning the largest memorial hall in memory of Li Bai, in addition to the famous Sanyuan Cave, Santai Pavilion, Bamboo Building and the Lin Sanzhi Art Museum.
Caishi Rock Scenic Resort consists of Caishi Rock Area, Qingshan Mountain Area, Putang Area and the Hengshan Hill Area.
Santai Pavilion is a well-known pavilion of long history along the Yangtze River. It was founded firstly in Ming Dynasty, destroyed in war fire later and restored in the later twentieth century. The new five-story pavilion is about 30 meters high with imposing manner. Standing at the pavilion, one can have a wonderful different view in all directions. It has become a shining point in the Caishi Rock Scenic Resort, and even in the whole city.
Sanyuan Cave is also known as Sanguan Cave, which is the largest one among five natural caves in Caishi Rock. The cave has always been one famous scenic spot in the south of the Yangtze River. According to historical records, a monk named Dingru in Qing Dynasty, who had been roaming about for a long time, decided to settle in the cave while seeing the tranquil surroundings and beautiful scenery. He headed a group of monks; they began to worship the gods of Heaven, Earth and Water in the cave, therefore the cave got its current name. Another saying goes like this: three scholars, who traveled by a boat, received heavy rains on their way to attend a unified examination for promotion in the capital. Despite in great danger, they managed to get out of the jaws of danger under the protection of god. Later all the three scholars succeeded in an imperial examination, and were appointed chief officials. In order to requite god’s favor, the three scholars made donations for the establishment of a building near the cave which was renamed Sanguan Cave.
Being one kilometer away from the ancient Caishi town, Taibai Building faces the Yangtze River and backs on the Cuiluo Mountain. Surrounded by green trees, Taibai Building is a magnificent ancient building. Together with Yueyang Builing in Hunan Province, Huanghe Building in Hubei Province and Tengwang Pavilion in Jiangxi Province, they are called famous “Three Buildings and a Pavilion along the Yangtze River”.
Taibai Building was formerly named Dixian Building. According to old records, it was built firstly in Tang Dynasty(806～820). Another records said that it was built in Ming Dynasty and restored in Qing Dynasty and renamed “Taibai Building”. Later it was destroyed in a war fire. After liberation, it was reconstructed and was listed as a key provincial relic in Anhui province.
Taibai Building is 18 meters high, 34 meters long and 17 meters wide. The first floor is a hall constructed by stone, the second a room while the third an attic. The second and the third floors are made of wood. There are front yard and back yard. In the back yard stands the Taibai Temple. The gateway to the Taibai building is inscribed with golden words Libai Temple, and an inscription board is also hung in the third floor. On both sides of the entrance sit two stone lions. The corridor inside the yard is inscribed with a brief account of Libai’s life and record of restoration of the building. Standing on the third floor, one can look far into the distance, from where the Yangtze River looks like a white belt dotted with many boats and ships.