Mudan Feng National Forest Park
Peony Peak Natural Reserve is located in the northwest end of the Laoyeling Mountains, connecting Taiping Mountain in the east and next to Zhangguangcai Mountain in the west. It is a fantastic natural spot for primitive zoology and also stands as a national nature reserve with a total area of 400 square kilometers.
Peony Peak was once a lake with clean, active waves. About 9 million years ago, the volcano body was formed after a volcanic eruption, mostly being basalt. The volcano body was later continually eroded by floodwaters, along with the descending and ascending of the earth’s crust, which also formed the features of the superposed mountains and interlaced ravines. The highest point of Peony Peak can be found 1,111 meters above sea level.
In the Mudan Feng National Forest Park area, the water resources are quite abundant, with rivulets running vertically and horizontally and the spring spewing the whole year. The distribution of vegetation is featured and varied between a frigid and temperate zone because it is in the north of the temperate zone. The forest is flourishes with oak forest, birch wood, broad-leaved mingled forest, and coniferous broad-leaved mingled forest, all growing from bottom to top.
This area is also affluent in plant resources and there are more than 500 species of higher plants such as Korean pine, and spruce fir which is straight and thick. The rare broadleaf such as yellow pineapple, walnut, and ash trees can be seen everywhere. Xing’an juniper and hackmatack are rare visitors transplanted here from frigid and temperate zones. Below the forest are plants which are used for different purposes such as ferns, Beiqi, Schisandra chinensis (five flavor berry), and lily.
Mudan Feng National Forest Park is home to over 50 kinds of animals such as northeast tigers, red deer, and musk deer, not to mention over 170 sorts of avifauna such as swans, wide gooses, golden eagles, and red-rumped swallows, among which the quantity and the species of migrants are the most prolific. Additionally, more than 400 kinds of insects live in the nature reserve, including over 40 kinds of beautiful citrus butterflies, yellow butterflies, and Juan butterflies.