The Najiabawa Scenic Zone
Profile The 7,782 meter high Nanjiabawa Peak is the highest in the Prefecture of Nyingchi and the 15th highest in the globe. The 14 higher peaks are all above 8,000 meters; therefore Najiabawa is the No. 1 in all the peaks below the latitude of 8,000 meters. Its colossal triangle body is covered with deep snow and mists all year around which makes people hard to see its real face. It was not until 1992 that the Sino-Japan Mountain Climbing Team conquered Nanjiabawa.
Today it has become a very hot and challenging destination for professional mountain climbers from both home and abroad. Nanjiabawa has a few meanings in Tibetan language: one is “the flaming thunderbolts” and another “the lance that stabs straight to the sky” which is derived from the description of the chapter “the Menlin Battle” of the Legend of King Gesar. These Tibetan meanings reveal the features of the peak: steep, dangerous and unconquerable.
As a matter of fact, due to the complex plate formation and structure of the Yalazhangbu Canyon where the peak is located, earthquakes and snow slides has always haunted Nanjiabawa. Consequently it had been a “virgin peak” that had never been conquered by human climbers for a long while. The west slope of the peak is a bluff that goes down to the floor of the valley. A long mountain ridge, which consists of several peaks over 7,000 meters above the sea level, winds its way northwestwards.
The whole ridge resembles a huge iron saw with its sharp teeth mantled with thick ice and snow. Between Najiabawa and the Peak of Naipeng in the south three colossal glaciers grow downwards and finally disappear in the lush green forest. The 7,234 meters high Lajiabailei Peak in the north, shaped like a horse saddle, is also permanently mantled with fog and snow. The snow land scenery on the peak top (7,782 meters above the sea level) and the tropical views can all be seen between Nanjiabawa and Bacuoka of Motuo County (the distance between is only 200 kilometers).
In this land one sees bananas and borneol growing in the tropical area; the camphor normally found in the subtropical area; cedar, azalea of the temperate zone as well as many unnamed plants seen merely in the Frigid Zone. In a word you can never see such marvelous spectacles in other places than Tibet. Viewed from afar the peak hides behind floating clouds; and observed closely it may scare away any climbers for its height of over 5, 000 meters.
The locals often say that it is standing in the human world but hardly shows its true face to the human beings. The only difference between the peak and the heaven is that Nanjiabawa is a part of the mundane world. Legend There widely spread many legends with regard to the Nanjiabawa Peak. The topless peak is said to be the place where the immortals meet and banquet.
The locals believe that it is a passage for the human being to the heaven and thus show great respects for this peak. The modern scientific research tells us that this peak lies in a place where many geological structures meet and overlap. A well-known legend goes like this. Once upon a time, the God asked Nanjiabawa and Jialabailei (two brothers) to practice martial arts.
Thanks to his hard work and great talents, the younger brother made rapid progress and grew higher and higher, which aroused the jealousy of he elder brother Nanjiabawa. He murdered the younger brother in a windy night with bright moonlight and threw his head in Milin, which became the Dela Moutain later. To penalize him God made Nanjiabawa a mountain too on the bank of the Yaluzhangbu River as a permanent company for his murdered brother.
This legend well explains the characteristics of these two mountains in a sense that due to its round top Jialabailei looks like a headless body. Permanently crowned with mists and clouds, Nanjiabawa on the other hand resembles a guilty man who is unwilling to show others his real face. There are numerous other tales about Nanjiabawa.
The locals show special awes and admirations for Nanjiabawa in a hope to ascend to the heaven afterlife via the peak. The History of the Mountain Climbing The treacherous topography and horrible weather make it a real challenge to climb the Nanjiabawa Peak.
1n 1910 the British had set foot upon this region for the first time and in the following decades mountain climbers from all over the world made countless attempts to conquer the Peak. In 1984 the Chinese National Mountain Climbing Team started their first try but failed. In 1991 the peak was challenged by a Sino-Japan Team but it was a failure again. In October 1992, the Sino-Japan Team tried for the second time and they eventually made it with all the 11 team- members reaching the top.