Manila is the capital city of the Republic of the Philippines. It is also the biggest harbor city in this country. It is situated on the west bank of the Luzon Island, which is the biggest island among all the Philippine Islands. Manila is also known as the “small Luzon”. Manila is near Manila Bay which is a natural harbor. Manila is located on both banks of Pasig River. In November, 1976, the Philippine government decided to combine the four cities (which are Manila, Quezon, Caloocan and Pasay) and thirteen districts (including Makati) into a big one, which is named the Metto Manila. With an area of 626.58 square kilometers (62,658 hectares) and a population of about eight million, Manila is one of the biggest cities in Asia and is also called “the New York City in the east”. At present, Manila has become a world-class city. Manila is is located in tropical zone And there are a lot of places of interest in Manila, making Manila a famous tourist attraction in Southeast Asia.
Manila has a long history. Based on the Indian civilization, Chinese civilization and the ancient civilization of the Central Asia, Manila has a comprehensive culture with both eastern and western elements, combining these civilizations with the western cultures of Spain and the US. Being a beautiful tropical garden city, Manila has a clean and tidy appearance. The national flower of the Republic of the Philippines, which is a kind of jasmine flower, can be seen everywhere. The jasmine flower is as white as a jade, giving off pleasant fragrance. The street on the northern bank is the financial center, while the Ermita on the southern bank is the location of the government departments and embassies of various countries. With more than ten years’ development, Makati has become a new commercial district and financial center.
Skyscrapers lay rows upon rows along both sides of Roxas Boulevard and near the Rizal Park in the central part of the city. The tall and straight coconut trees and the verdant palm trees contribute to making the city energetic and full of life. In the south of the harbor of Manila, there is a land of 70 hectares which is a reclaimed land. On that land, some modern and imposing buildings are built there, such as the International Convention Center, the Culture Center, the Folk Art Theatre, the International Trade and Exhibition Center and the Coconut Palace. These buildings, together with the Manila Cathedral, the Saint Agustin Church and the Fort Santiago, form a unique city landscape. Besides, China Town and Malacanang Palace in the downtown area and the Pagsanjan riffles, waterfalls and the Dal Lake in the suburban area make Manuela a great tourist attraction.