Lying in the south of Xingyi City, the 20 kilometers long stone forest covers a land area of about 30,000 acres and is likened to be a bonsai in the Ten Thousand Peaks Forest with karst geological landform as its main geological heritage.
Scientific research has shown that what is now the Stone Forest was 270 million years ago an immense expanse of water with a vast stretch of limestone sediment formed over the years on the seafloor. As a result of the crust movement of the earth, the seabed rose gradually and a large piece of land thus came into being. Exposed to rains and winds, eroded by the elements, the varied limestone ranges were shaped by time. About 200 million years ago numerous stone peaks, pillars, and stalagmites rose abruptly from the ground and towered into the sky, extending now as far as the eye can see, looking like a vast forest of stone, hence the name "the Stone Forest".
All the most typical karst stone forest landforms in every part of world can be seen here. There are not only well-developed sward-shaped and knife edge-like karst landforms, but also mushroom and tower-shaped ones. Being an agglomeration of all types of stone forest landscapes, one may call the geographical park the “Karst Stone Forest Museum” that has both very high scientific and aesthetic values. In this protected area, massive low stone teeth and high rock pillars are distributed in clusters in mountain ridges, valleys and depressions, and coexist with karst caves, lakes and waterfalls, forming a full view of karst landscape. Particularly, looking into the distance, the massive 20-50m high stone pillar cluster here seems to be a “forest”, so people visually call it “Stone Forest”. Here is an ideal place for studying both regional geological evolution and karstification.