Shangqiu Ancient Town
It is a famous historical and cultural town in China. IT is built in the 6th year of the Zhengde Period in Ming Dynasty (1511AD). The town wall, contour, and lake integrated into a whole and made the ancient city looks round outside and square inside, and formed a vast ancient coin design pattern. Also, the architecture is distinguished. It implied that Shangqiu was the origin place of Chinese merchandise, business, and Shang culture. The circumference of the town wall is 3.6 kilometers. It has a door in each direction. The terrain inside the city is like the tortoise shell. Most of its architectures are of quadrangle dwelling house’s pattern. According to the theory of the mutual promotion and restraint between the five elements, in order to prevent the restraint between metal and water, the eastern and the western door of the ancient city staggered a street, and it became the unique one in China. Today, the streets in the ancient city remain the architecture styles. In the city, the Zhuanghui Temple of Hou Fangyu (the famous man of letters in the late Ming Dynasty and early Qing Dynasty) attracts tourists from all directions. In the south of the city, the Baguan Study in which engraved the handwriting-- Baguan Study Sketches -- of the great calligraphist Yan Zhenqing in Tang Dynasty(618AD-907AD), and it is well-known home and aboard. From Jiajing Period in Ming Dynasty to the early Qing Dynasty, the Shangqiu ancient city produced two great scholars (chancellor), five ministers, and dozen of vice ministers, provincial governors, imperial emissaries, and commanding officers, etc. Due to the burst of the Yellow River I in thousands of years, the Suiyang Ancient City of Song in the Western Zhou Dynasty and Han and Tang Dynasty, the Nanjing City of Song Dynasty, The Guidefu City in Yuan Dynasty, etc are overlapping under the present Shangqiu Ancient Town. Shangqiu Ancient Town is one of the most completely well-preserved ancient towns in China now. And it is one of the key national cultural protection units.