Temple of Hua Mulan
The Temple of Hua Mulan was first built in Tang Dynasty. Later during the Taihe Period of later Jin Dynasty, the supervisor Wudasahuci in Yingcheng Town, Gushu County, Prefecture of Guide, renovated three audience halls and three worshipping halls and molded a model of Hua Mulan. In the 2nd year of Yuantong Period of the Yuan Dynasty, Liang Siwen (the administrator of Prefecture of Suiyang) advocated that that they enlarge the temple through donating 2,500 coins (money used in ancient China). In the 11th year of Jiaqin Period of the Qing Dynasty, the temple’s monks, Jian Ke and Jian Rang, launched denotation again to renovate the temple and erect monuments. To the 1940s, the temple covered an area of more than 10,000 square meters. There are over 200 buildings of different types. Besides, it had about 10 monks and its own fields, which took up 400 mu. There are cypresses and pagoda trees inside and outside of the enclosing wall. On each side of the front door passage stands a tall clay horse scripture. In the audience hall, there is a scripture of Mulan when she was a maiden; in the worshipping hall, there is a scripture of Mulan when she was a solider; and in the building behind, there is a scripture of her family. More than 60 tablets, in which engraved celebrities’ essays, poets, paintings, and calligraphies, were erected in and out of the hall. Every year, on the 8th day of the 4th lunar month (Mulan’s birthday), the state officers conducted the people come here and hold a memorial ceremony for her. Later, it developed into a five-day long fair of worshipping. More than 10,000 people came every day. But this grant temple was destroyed because of war. What a pity! Two tablets, one is of the Yuan Dynasty and the other is of the Qing Dynasty, are conserved. On them, there are detailed information about Mulan’s life experience, heroic deeds, and the renovation situations of different periods.
In order to develop Mulan’s spirit further, the Yucheng County government employed high-qualified export to make a detailed repairing construction plan for Hua Mulan’s former residence. It covers an area of 160 mu, and the total investment is 50,500,000 Yuan. The under construction attraction includes 6 scenic spots: the Temple of Hua Mulan , the Former Residence of Hua Mulan, Hua Mulan Cultural Square, Hua Mulan Wushu Center and School, and the Cemetery of Hua Mulan. 3,500,000 Yuan has already been spent in the construction work. The Temple of Hua Mulan, Hua Mulan Cultural Square, and the Cemetery of Hua Mulan have been opened to tourists. The city government decided to hold the Chinese Mulan Cultural Festival once in every two years. Till now, it has been held successfully for four times. Each time, tens of hundreds of tourists home and abroad came to join this festival. In 2000, the National Postal Department launched “the Ceremony of Mulan Stamp’s Initiation” here, and this made Hua Mulan became the friendly envoy of enhancing the interaction among people in the world.
In 2001, Shangqiu’s government confirmed the Former Residence of Hua Mulan tourist attraction as the city’s key cultural protection unit.