Mayi Han Dynasty's Maosoleum
Shuocheng District now covers an area which is part of Mayi Town in Qing Dynasty. The district locates out of Yanmen Gate, which is the inevitable way leading from Central Plains (comprising the middle and lower reaches of the Huanghe River) to the grassland in the northern desert beyond the Great Wall. From the southern part of Shuocheng District, one can travel to Central Plains through Yangfang Gate and Yanmen Gate. From the northern part of the district, one can reach Ping Town (Datong City) through Lahe Gate and Liujia Gate. In the southwest part of the district, there is Dashui Gate and Beicha Gate leading directly to Yellow River.
In history both the Hun who invaded and robbed to the south and the Han Nationality who beat back and encircled and suppressed regarded the area as the most important place where they can defend themselves and take the offensive. Especially in Han Dynasty, it is the significant military town beyond the Great Wall. Those soldiers who guard the frontier pass were mainly buried here after they died, making the area a strip of graves of Han Dynasty which distributed closely.
The grave group is consisting of many relatively closely locating graves. The graves distribute most closely around the Mayi Ancient Town of Han Dynasty within five miles. While the other grave group lies near those important mountain passes which are of strategic importance. Since the 1970s, most of the original grave land is chipped away because of the infrastructure of farmland such as scraping the ground even and soil preparation. At present there are still up to 150 large scale grave land in this area, which distribute from San Qing Liang to Zhao Shi Ba Village, from Zhu Jia Zhuang Village to Niu Jia Dian Village, from Nan Guan to Shui Quan Liang and from South Xingjia Village to Bai Zhuang. Ever since 1982, Pingshuo Community has been developed four miles away from the Mayi Ancient Town of Han Dynasty, before which there was not any hint on the surface of the ground. After archeological imploration, 2,200 and more graves from the Warring States (475-221 B.C.) to the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220) are discovered, as well as 1,700 and more cultural relics.