Brief introduction of the scenic:
Tahu Town is one of the ancient town relics in Liao Dynasty. In Zhongxi Eighth Year (A.D.1039) of Liao Dynasty, a town of the prefecture was set here. The town is square, the perimeter of which is 5,181 meters. It was constructed by use of earth. The town is 6 meters high with four gates. Only the west gate is well preserved. Tahu Town was originally the imperial palace for short stays away from the capital for emperors in Liao Dynasty and the place where the royalties stayed during their spring outing and hunting. At that time not only officials and soldiers of Liao Dynasty stayed in Tahu Town, but also it is the holy place of Buddhism and trade center. Many cultural relics dating from Tang Dynasty to Liao Dynasty have ever unearthed here.
Tahu is a Mongolian word which means a kind of fish with fat head. The lakes surrounding the town ever teemed with the fish that has fat head. The name of the town, that is, Tahu Town then came into being. Seeing from the upside down, Tahu Town was a square plane. Its perimeter is 5,213 meters. The walls of the town are made of earth. They were built layer by layer, so they are very hard and firm. Although the walls have been eroded by the rain and the wind for nine hundred years and more, they are still as high as five to six meters and twenty and more meters wide at the base. In the middle of each wall, one gate was made. Out of the gate, a building in the form of an urn was set, which is in a half square shape. It is called Weng Cheng (weng means earthen jar). It is the enceinte of a city gate. On the two sides of the gate eight crenels which are about half meter higher than the wall are built respectively. They are called Ma Mian, which means the face of a horse. There are totally 64 crenels in the whole town. The distance between the two neighboring crenels is 70 meters, which is just the distance which one arrow can cover. On the four corners of the ancient town, four watchtowers are standing respectively. The watchtower is square and higher than the town wall. The watchtower is a bit protruding out of the wall. Standing on the watchtower, one can have a sight of the two neighboring walls on the left and the right sides, opposite rightly to the crenel. Beside, there are two city moats which are ten meters wide and four meters deep out of the town (one is plus to the outside of the watchtower). Therefore we can see how strict the town was ever protected with highly developed military affairs. The town was really an important place.
The ancient town was assarted as infield at the end of Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China. All over the ground of the ancient town there were broken pieces of tiles and bricks as well as potteries and ceramics, bones of beasts, ashes, etc. In the past there were eight architecture relics which were very distinctive in the town. They were about half meter higher than the ground. On the relics there were greenish broken bricks, cloth line wooden tiles, tube-shaped tiles, eave tiles with pattern, drip titles, curved eaves, glazed roof titles, and other parts of the building. All of these relics are leveled down by bulldozers when the ground was experiencing land-leveling operation in the year 1975. Only the architecture relics in the northwest corner which is called as Emperor’s Audience Hall by masses is left and not removed. All the broken pieces of titles and bricks are distributed over the platform.
Out of the moats in the northeast of the ancient town, there is an oval earth platform, which is about five meters high. People called it as Platform of Roll-Calling the Soldiers. The platform was originally 10 meters and more high. It is made of bricks. Bricks with lines of lotus petals are inlayed on the surface of the platform. Under the platform copper wind-bells with cirrus wings in the form of square column shape and swinging hammers have ever unearthed. Lotus is a kind of regular used lines of Buddhism. Wind-bell is often used to hang on the eaves of temples and the corners of towers, which would easily swing and give out rings of bells in the wind. Therefore we can confer that the platform would have been a base of a tower. The religion of Buddhism was popular in the Dynasty of Liao and Jin. A lot of temples and Buddhist towers were ever built in and out of the town. The Historic Record of Liao Dynasty has ever kept that in Xianyong Eighth Year Daozong Emperor (A.D.1072), three thousand and more people were unconstraint willing to cut hairs to be monks and nuns in the area of Changchun Prefecture, Tai Prefecture (now the ancient town of Chengsi Family in Yaonan), and Ningjiang Prefecture (refers to Duna Ancient Town in Fuyu or Stone Town near Sancha River). The various kinds of copper Buddhists unearthed from this town also prove this point of view.
The cultural relics unearthed from Tahu Town Relics are in large quantity. Except for large quantity of bricks, titles and pottery building parts, there are also other relics of tool of production, articles for daily use, weapons, currencies, religious articles, and other ornaments. Of all the relics there are stone implement, pottery, bronze, ironware, etc.