Grand Canal is the earliest and longest canal in the world. It is about 1,700 kilometers long. It has played a great role in the economic and cultural communication and the development between the north and south of China.
Known as one of the oldest canals, the Grand Canal along with the Great Wall are considered as two great exploits well-known to the whole world. It is a wonder created by ancient people, and has become a spirit wealth passed down from generation to generation. It is an important surviving human legacy. In the process of the development of our two-thousand-year-long history, the Grand Canal has made a great contribution to the growth of economy, unification of the country, progress of the society and the prosperity of culture.
At present, although not the whole Grand Canal is navigable, it still plays a significant role in the transit of coal, building materials, salt, commercial products, provisions, oil and so on. Furthermore, as the main route of south-to-north water diversion, the old Grand Canal will surely coruscate the youth and vitality again.