Established in 1915, Taipei Zoo has been reputed as the largest zoo in Asia covering an area of 165 hectares. The zoo is designed and built according to the original living environment of various animals, in order to help animals escape from the shackles of cages and get more spaces for their free activities, which can help tourists to know more and better of those animals. It consists of 8 outdoor exhibition areas, 6 indoor exhibition halls and 5 instructional spaces of environmental education. Surrounded by secondary forests, the zoo is a characteristic ecological relaxation area integrating natural landscape. Taipei zoo contains a variety of areas, including Taiwan local animal area, African faunal area, desert animal area, Australian faunal area, butterfly park, gibbon island area, waterfowl area, Asian hylaea area, indoor nocturnal animal hall, polar animal hall, penguin hall, koala bear hall, insect hall, aquarium, children’s playground, picnic area and other exhibition halls. At present, there are about 30 varieties of animals, including some precious and rare ones.
Taiwan Local Animal Area
Taiwan Local Animal Area displays Taiwan’s native animals as well s their habitat, which imitates the ecological environment of their original living environment. The well-known animals in the area include sika deer, Taiwan black bear, Taiwan macaque, Taiwan wild boar, Pallas's Squirrel, otter, Taiwan Serow, crested serpent eagle and clounded leopard.
Asian Hylaea Area
Completed in 1998, Asian Hylaes Area is built imitating the ecological landscape of hylaea in Southeast Asia., which is the first zoology showground integrating rainforest landscape and living animals. The famous animals include crocodiles, orangutans, gibbons, Malayan Tapir, estuarine crocodile, python and leopard.
Desert Animal Area
With flickering Palms, the area imitates the desert environment of Middle East, including animals such as dromedary, Bactrian camel and addax.
Australian Faunal Region
Australian Faunal Region demonstrates particular ecological environment and animals of Australia, such as the Eastern Gray Kangaroo which exist only in Australia and the second and third largest cursorial birds, namely emu and cassowary. Besides, you can see 6 varieties of kangaroos and eucalyptus only grown in Australia.
African Faunal Region
African Faunal Region imitates the ecological environment of African grasslands. It demonstrates the inhabitation situation of wild animals in East Asia, via tree shades and bush fallow close to pools. The area mainly demonstrates those middle and large-size animals, and some of which are ranked in the list of CITES. Those endangered rare and precious animals under international trade control include African elephants, zebras, hippos, giraffes, rhinos and chimpanzees.
Temperate Zone Faunal Region
Temperate Zone Faunal Region mainly demonstrates animals inhabited in temperate grassland and forests, including Platts Mustang, bison, elk, brown bear, Asiatic black bear, mountain lion, Lin drag, beavers, otters, raccoons and red pandas. Among those, Mongolian wild horse, bison and elk have disappeared in the wild.
Located in the southeast of the zoo, the bird area demonstrates over 140 varieties of birds, including flamingo and ostrich. Covering an area of 4 hectares, the area consists of precious bird area, crane area, parrot area, ecologic area and water bird area.
Amphibious Reptiles Hall
Amphibious Reptiles Hall consists of wet land, tropical rain forest, temperate forest and desert, which demonstrate amphibious reptiles via various ecological systems. Besides imitating the habitats, there is also image-text education and specimen commentary with the theme of evolution, morphology, structure, habitat environment behavior and diversity. The hall attaches much importance to book reservation of local species, and some special exhibitions themed by Taiwan are also held.
Nocturnal Animal Hall
Opened to the public in 1989, Nocturnal Animal Hall creates dark night by controlling light, providing tourists an area for observing and appreciating the life of nocturnal animals. Nocturnal Animal Hall consists of two storeys. On the first storey, there are owls, eothenomys, coypus, kinkajou, raccoons and other small primates and small felids. On the second storey, there are mainly cartilaginous fishes, bony fish, reptilia, birds and marsupial.
New Special Exhibition Hall
Built in 2008, the new special exhibition hall is a multifunctional exhibition hall, used for exhibiting the world’s rare and precious animals. It consists of three storeys. On the first storey, there are three outdoor exhibition areas and multi-media rooms, where giant pandas named Tuan Tuan and Yuan Yuan from Sichuan are located. The service center is on the second storey, and the third storey is an international conference hall which can accommodate 250 persons.