Wulanchabu City means ‘the top of the red cliff’ in Mongilian. In the early years of Qing Dynasty, a meeting of sovereigns or deputies was held to form alliances at the Red Mountain Pass (at the foot of Daqingshan Mountain northeast of Hohhot City). It’s called Wu Alliance for short. The people here live in a compact community with the Mongolian nationality as the main body and Han nationaity as the majority. There is one district (Jining District), one city (Fengzhen City), four Qi Chayouqian Qi, Chayouzhong Qi, Chayouhou Qi, Siwangzi Qi), five counties (Shangdu County, Huade County, Zhuozi County, Liangcheng County, Xinghe County). It covers an area of 55,000 square kilometers, with a total population of 3171,300. The population of the Mongolian nationality is 84,300, which accounts for 2.32 per cent of the total population. Its administrative office is established in Jining District.
There are charming vast pastoral landscapes in Wulanchabu City, which has a long history and many sites of ancient culture. It’s the nearest grassland resort for sightseeing and holidaymaking to Beijing. Gegengtala Tourist Center is a national-level tourist area of the AAAA class, owing a typical grassland view. The Huitengxile Prairie is a rare grassy marshland on highland in the world. It’s studded with a galaxy of natural lakes and wild flowers, enjoying the reputation of ‘Ninety-Nine Springs’. Huitengxile Wind Power Station, one of the four wind power stations invested by the government, is built here. Daihai Sea and the spring sanatoriums are ideal resorts for convalescence and summer holidays.