Introduction to this Attraction
Ancient Longzhong is the residence of Zhuge Liang adjacent to Xiangfan City, covering 12 square kilometers. The scenic spot includes Longzhong Mountain, Le Mountai, Daqi Mountain and Xiaoqi Mountain and affiliated valleys.
Ancient Longzhong is the main spot with rich humanistic landscape, exquisite natural environment and commemorative architecture. Whenever in August, the ancient four-person-diameter cassia trees full of golden flowers in the deep of the courtyard give out sweet fragrance.
In the woods of Longzhong Mountain there are massive relics left behind by Zhuge Liang, Liu Bei, Guan Yu, Zhang Fei and many memorial architectures of all previous dynasties. All remains reflecting Zhuge Liang’s important deeds or important events in history are of great culture meaning.
Introduction to the Figure
Zhuge Liang (181 - 234), whose courtesy name is Kǒngmíng, was an outstanding statesman and strategist during the Three Kingdoms period. He was born in Yangdu County in Langya Commandery, at present-day Yishui County, Shangdong Province.
In 207(Jian’an 25th year) when Zhuge Liang was 27 years old，Liu Bei visited him in person three times at Longzhong Commandery Xiangyang ,called “ make three calls at the thatched cottage ” in history to make inquires about the strategies of unifying China. Zhuge Liang soon presented his famous Longzhong Plan before Liu. The plan envisaged that Liu Bei would take over Jing and Yi provinces as a base and form an alliance with Sun Quan in order to deter and resist the more powerful and intimidating Cao Cao. The plan also stressed on the institution of economic, legal and administrative reforms.
After listening to Zhuge Liang’s penetrating thorough analysis, Liu Bei accepted his strategies, thinking Zhuge Liang was talented, thereupon he requested him to assist him to revive Han Dynasty. Since Zhuge Liang helped with Liu Bei, China formed a three kingdoms three-way confrontation.
Tips: Since Tang Dynasty Jingxiang area had formed a custom of “March 3 in Spring (according to Lunar Calendar), appreciate peonies in Longzhong Mountain”.Compared to Luoyang and Heze, the peonies of Longzhong blooms one month ahead of time. Longzhong becomes our country’s wild peony protection base. To appreciate peonies in April is a good choice.