Three railway lines have been completed:- the Lanxin (Lanzhou-Urumqi) Railway-1892 kilometers long, the South Xinjiang (Turpan-Ku'erle-Kashgar) Railway:1446 kilometers, and the western section of Lanxin Railway (Urumqi-la Mountain Exit) of 460 kilometers. It is the western section of Lanxin Railway that connects China with the European Continent, constituting a key transportation line from Lianyungang Port of Jiangsu Province in the east to Rotterdam in Holland in the west, largely promoting the economic and trade communication as well as international tourism development between Xinjiang and countries in the Commonwealth of Independent States, East Europe, West Europe, and Middle East.
The highway transportation framework in Xinjiang is well developed. Almost 86 counties and cities in this region enjoy the broad coverage of highways such as the Wuyi Highway, Wuka Highway, Lanxin Highway, Zhongba Highway, Tianshan Duku Highway, and Kuyi Highway. In 1995 a 520-ikometer-long highway across Taklamakan Desert was completed and put into operation. Three provincial highways—Lanxin Highway, Qingxin Highway and Xinzang Highway are key channels connecting Xinjiang with other provinces in China. 25 international passenger and transportation liaison highways have been open and are now functioning between Xinjiang Province and the neighboring countries such as Pakistan, Kazakhstan and Mongolia. They make tour and travel in Xinjiang much more convenient, than former transportation means through which tourists had to first arrive at Urumchi and then take other means to reach their destinations.