Last updated by chinatravel at 2013-11-1
Bigan Temple Overview
Up to the present, it has been more than three thousand years since the tomb of Bigan was completed and denominated by the emperor Zhou Wuwang—Keyin, and the temple was built after the tomb in the 18th year of Taihe period in the North Wei Dynasty (A.D 494), covering an area of 44,000 square meters. The main body of the temple consists of the following parts such as the screen wall facing the gate of a house, the ridge door, the subordinate door, the wooden torii, the stele corridor, the worship hall, the main hall, the stone torii, as well as the pavilion of gravestones，etc., each of which has their own unique characteristics. The temple is surrounded by red walls and age-old cypress trees, stone tablets standing in great numbers. To the south of the temple there are stone statue of Bigan, the Immortal Path, and toriis, rather deep and serene. It is the Holy Land where tourists and the posterities of Bigan---people of the Lin family come to offer sacrifices and pay respect to Bigan.
Bigan, was born on April 4 1029 B.C (according to lunar calendar) in Moyi (the present northern part of Weihui city in Henan province), who was killed at the age of 63 by the emperor Zhou on Dec. 26 by lunar calendar in 1092 B.C. The emperor Tang Taizong once praised him as “a loyal and undaunted man” and a statesman who tried his best to improve the administration of the court. The emperor Zhou Wuwang bestowed the surname Lin for hBigan’s son Jian’gong, thus Bigan becomes the primogenitor of the people whose surname is Lin.
Inside the Bigan Temple, there are a great number of stone tablets, perhaps more than one hundred, of which the tablet commemorating Bigan made by the emperor Xiaowen---Tuo Bahong of Northern Wei Dynasty was listed as one of the major cultural relics at provincial level in 1963. It is a precious stone inscription, which is of high value both in literature and in calligraphy. The inscribed text praised the spirit of patriotism sentiment of Bigan. This was embodied in most of the inscription records of later dynasties, and it has long enjoyed a same high fame with the Longmen 20 inscriptions in Luoyang.
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