Yanan Featured Food:
Potato Caca (shredded Potato)
Shred potatoes into pieces of several centimeters long, add seasonings like Chinese prickly ash, shredded garlic, ginger power and salt into it, then mix with flour and steam it. While eating, put it in a big bowl, add ground pepper, sauce, vinegar and fried oil with chopped green onion or just fry it in a hot pan. It tastes crispy and soft, which is favorite with many people. Potato Caca is natural green food and could be made all the seasons. It’s easy to find in hotels, restaurants, snack bars and night market. General price: 2 Yuan a bowl.
It’s also called Niangao (New Year cake) or Zaogao (date cake), which is one of the most representative local flavors of north Shaanxi. It’s made from broomcorn millet and date. After fried in vegetable oil, it tastes tender, sweet and delicious and hotels and restaurants all sell it as local flavors. When Central Red Army successfully arrived in north Shaanxi, Yan’an people treated them with oil cakes. North Shaanxi folk song Sandandanhuakaihongyanyan describes this event vividly. Oil cakes are usually eaten on holidays and festivals or used to treat relatives and friends, especially in wedding parties. It’s often put on plate of ten pieces and sold at 0.5 Yuan a piece. It tastes best with sugar and noodles soup. Oil cake is in golden color and tastes tender. It won’t change color and go bad for a long time and it belongs to natural green food.
Qianqian Rice (copper Coin Rice)
Qianqian rice is a delicacy made out of coarse food grain. Soak the black beans until they swell, then crush them to pieces on the roller, which look like copper coins, hence “Qianqian rice” (copper coin rice). Mix 20% bean-coins and 80% rice together and cook it when half done, add millet into it. Qianqian rice can keep oneself warm and feel all comfortable. It’s said that Diaochan (a famous ancient beauty) was so charming all because she often ate Qianqian rice. This food could be eaten all the ear round and customers may eat it at snack bars and night market for 0.5 Yuan a bowl.
You Momo(oil Bun)
Ring-shaped, after it’s fried, it’s golden like copper coin, which is the rich and auspicious symbol according to Yan’an’s folk customs. Grind millet, sift it, boil soft rice into very hot gruel, water the gruel on the millet flour and put it on the hot kang (heatable brick or adobe bed) until it ferments. Then make it into rings and fry them until their colors turn red brown and that’s ok. Oil bun is often seen on holidays and festivals or used to treat relatives and friends, especially in wedding parties. It’s often put on plate of ten and sold at 0.5 Yuan each. It tastes best with sugar and noodles soup. Oil bun is in golden color and tastes tender. It won’t change color and go bad for a long time.
It’s made from green gram, kidney bean, potato or buckwheat, which tastes light and refreshing as it’s sour, spicy and delicious. It has the effect of clearing heat and detoxicate and relieving the summer heat and quenching the thirst. Liangfeng (cool noodles) is one of the north Shaanxi flavors and the green gram cool noodles and oil cool noodles in Zichang County are especially famous. There are “green gram cool noodles” made from green gram flour, hence “kidney bean cool noodles”, “potato cool noodles” and “buckwheat cool noodles”. Of all these cool noodles, green gram cool noodles are the best. It looks soft green and bright. It’s suitable for eating all the seasons and it tastes best in hot summer. It could be eaten cool and hot and suit for people of different ages. Customers can eat it in hotels, restaurants, snack bars and night markets. General price: 1 Yuan a bowl. It’s natural green food.
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