Museum of Imperial Mausoleums of Han Dynasty in Guangling is the mausoleum of Liu Xu, the son of Wudi Emperor in Han Dynasty. Since Liu Xu was once honored the first generation of the ruler of Guangling, the mausoleum is called Gangling Mausoleum.
Wudi Emperor was on guard against him in his ruling years; when Wudi Emperor died, Liu Xu prayed to God and even made curse on Zhaodi Emperor, Changyi Administer, and Xuandi Emperor; finally he was forced to hang himself to death. Mausoleum of Han Dynasty in Tianshan Mountain, which used to be called Gaoyou Mountain, is probably the grave of Liu Xu. Tianshan Mountain, generally known as Tushan Mountain or Shenju Mountain, is 44 meters above the sea and with a perimeter of three kilometers. In spring in 1979 quarrymen found the ancient mausoleum when they mine the mountain. The No. 1 Mausoleum is meters deep, 23 meters wide and 28 meters long. The passage of the grave is 60 meters long with an earth cover of more than five meters thick. The whole mausoleum has the filling of about 20,000 square meters’ earth. The coffin is 16.65 meters long from south to north, and 14.28 meters wide from east to west. It is made of rare wood of 545.56 cubic meters. The coffin features complicated structures, large scale, grandeur style, and compact proportion of components. It has attracted wide attention from tourists at home and abroad.
The mausoleum is located in Gaoyou, while the administered area of Liu Xu lies in Guangling Castle in today’s Shugang area. The ancient walls of the then castle is well retained; to bury him in Shugang area is to help the remains of Liu Xu back to hometown, and at the same time an respect on history. The mausoleum of Han Dynasty is characterized by grandeur and majesty. Ascending the mausoleum on the top of the mountain by steps, you will fully appreciate the loftiness of the grand construction; looking down from steps, you would feel that it is no less majestic than the mausoleums of emperors of different dynasties. There are wide gates, main exhibition all, and corridors on both sides. The whole mausoleum follows the pattern of Han Style—high and broad gate, simple pillars at the entrance of corridors, and overlapped girder. In a word, the mausoleum features conciseness, grandeur, majesty, primitive simplicity, and roughness.