Yixing City, called Yi for short, is a country-level city within the jurisdiction of Wuxi City, in the south of Jiangsu Province. Yixing is located on the Yangtze River Delta and on the north bank of Tai Lake with a total area of about 2,038 square kilometers and the population of 1,062,363. It is also situated in the middle of three major cities, Shanghai, Nanjing and Hangzhou and is about 160 kilometers away from Nanjing which is the provincial capital of Jiangsu Province. Besides, it is located at the juncture of three provinces, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui. Yixing is home to potteries and professors because lots of famous professors in China were born there and Yixing is also known for its environmental protection. Yixing abounds with biological and mineral resources and is the largest tea-growing base in Jiangsu Province. Yixing is an important tourist city in Zhejiang Province and it’s also one of the top 100 cities and towns in China. Yixing boasts many tourist attractions, including the famous Tai Lake, the well-known potteries, a large number of limestone caves, a large area of tea and bamboos, such as Shanjuan Cave, Zhuhai (Sea of Bamboo) Scenic Area and Longbeishan Forest Park. Yixing has a subtropical monsoon climate with well-marked seasons and plenty of rainfall and sunshine. The annual average temperature of Yixing is about 15.7 °C and the annual rainfall is about 1,177 millimeters.
Yixing is a famous ecological landscape garden city and one of the best cities in the Yangtze River Delta suitable for human beings to live and work. With the landscaping ratio of 40.2%, Yixing City has the reputation of being the back garden of Shanghai, Nanjing and Hangzhou. Yixing has a full range of living and entertainment facilities, such as domestic first-class commercial center, hypermarkets, sports center, leisure center and over 100 holiday resort of different styles and characteristics
The invention of the potteries in Yixing can date back to the Neolithic Period about 5,000 years ago and became prosperous in the Ming and Qing dynasties. With the unceasing improvement of the techniques of pottery manufacture, at present, Yixing has become the industrial base for producing a variety of potteries with over 20 factories and about 20,000 workers.
Tea and Moso Bamboo
Yixing is celebrated as the production base of tea and moso bamboos. Equally famous as Hangzhou Longjing Tea and Suzhou Biluochun Tea, Yangxian Zizun Tea in Yixing has been classified as the tribute. Most of the mountainous areas of Yixing are covered with tea, forming “the ocean of tea”. Bamboo is extensively grown on Mt. Hua within the district of Yixing and Mt. Hua is the largest growing base of moso bamboos with the whole area of about 180,000 mu. Seen from a distance, the bamboos all over the mountains form “a green ocean of bamboos”.
Yixing is known as the world of limestone caves with more than 80 limestone caves of various shapes and characteristics, especially the Shanjuan Cave, Zhanggong Cave and Linggu Cave are the most spectacular wonder at home and abroad.
Yixing has abundant natural resources. As Yixing is close to Tai Lake, abounds with whitebaits, white shrimp, freshwater crab and other fresh food in the lake. Besides, there are also Chinese chestnuts in the mountainous area in the south of Yixing and common pheasants and hares in Yixing mountainous area.