Last updated by fabiowzgogo at 2014/11/5
Huang Emperor Town of the ZhuoLu village was the first formal township in Chinese history in record. It was built entirely from sand and earth; it wasn't strictly squared shaped and it has ramparts of different lengths: 450, 500, 510 and 540 meters respectively. Over the years, numerous crockery and stone instruments have been excavated. According to archaeological studies, they are invaluable relics of Yangshao Culture, a Neolithic culture that existed extensively along the central Yellow River in China from 5000 BC to 3000 BC, and Longshan Culture, a late Neolithic culture that resided near the central and lower Yellow River from 3000 BC to 2000 BC. This was the period in the reign of Huang Emperor. He was a legendary Chinese sovereign and cultural hero; he was believed to be the ancestor of all Han Chinese in Chinese mythology. Together with Huang Emperor, Yan Emperor and Chiyou, also great leaders of other two tribes at the time, are praised for their pioneering and contribution in many areas including farming, medicine, economic development and manufacturing at the very beginning of the Han Chinese community.
The memorial of the Three Chinese Ancestors has been built to pay tribute to their great achievements. Their statuses are standing in the center. The memorial was constructed with the architectural style of the Tang Dynasty, which looks magnificent and majestic. There are a number of unearthed instruments, weapons and tools in display, including zax, stone arrows, stone rings and stone chisel etc. There is also a wall painting describing the four significant historical incidents of the time: the War of Zhuolu, a furious war to stop Chiyou's aggression and consolidate Zhuolu area led by Huang Emperor with support from Yan Emperor, the War of Banquan,a conquest of Yan's tribe led by Huang Emperor, the Hefufushan Incident,a cooperation among multiple tribes including the ones led by Huang Emperor, Yan Emperor and Chiyou, which marked the corner stone of unification of the entire China, and finally the event of making Zhuolu the capital, one of the initial political decisions made by Huang Emperor after he was elected the Emperor of the nation.
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