Last updated by chinatravel at 2013-10-30
Jiao Hill Overview
Brief introduction of the scenic spot:
Jiaoshan Sightseeing Route：
Bubo Pavilion━━ Dinghui Temple━━ Dongleng Spring━━ Imperial Monument Pavilion━━ Guanlan Pavilion━━ Baomo House━━ Ancient Jiaoshan Fortress━━ Huayan Pavilion━━ Stone Carvings in Cliff━━ Three Imperial Edicts (Sanzhao) Cave━━Zhuangguan Pavilion ━━Biefeng Buddhist Convent（the place where Zheng Banqiao studied）━━ Longevity (Baishou) Pavilion━━ Xijiang Tower
Baomo House，also called Jiaoshan Tablet Forest.
You may go from the Guanlan Pavilion through a small bridge and a rockery to the Baomo House under the maidenhair trees. It was originally the site of the Nature Buddhist Convent, the Fragrant Woods (Xianglin) Buddhist Convent, the Jade Peak (Yufeng) Buddhist Convent and the Haiyun Buddhist Convent. There are more than four hundred inscribed steles of all dynasties treasured up in the forests of steles, which are only second to Xi’an Stele Forests in quantity and are the first largest stele forest in the Yangtze River Delta. These inscribed steles are fitted into cloisters, pavilions and halls. There is also calligraphy, arts, historical data, epitaphs of all dynasties and stone carving arts, etc, which have substantial content. The stele of a rabbi surnamed Wei erected in the second year of Yifeng Period in the Tang Dynasty is reputed as “an excellent works at the beginning of the Tang Dynasty”. It has complete epigraph with neat and vigorous handwriting. It is a rare stele of the Tang Dynasty in the country.
Biefeng Buddhist Convent（the Studying Place of Zheng Banqiao）
There is a unique square courtyard house called Biefeng Buddhist Convent surrounded by emerald bamboos on the Bieling Range, the shaded one of the two peaks on the Jiaoshan Mountain. The Biefeng Peak literally means it is different from the main peaks (East Peak and West Peak) on the top of the Jiaoshan Mountain. It is the place where Zhengbanqiao, a famous artist and one of the eight eccentric painters reputed as the master of the poem, calligraphy, and painting in the Qing Dynasty, pursued studies during the period of Yongzheng’s reign. Hence, the Biefeng Buddhist Convent enjoys a great reputation. Now there is a horizontal tablet inscribed with the “Studying Place of Zheng Banqiao” above the aisle entry door and the couplet that “an elegant room needn’t be large and a fragrant flower needn’t be in large quantities” written by Zhen Banqiao in those years is still preserved on the door. Facing this scene in memory of the former master of the study, you will sign with emotion that although things are the same, people has gone.
It is not a large cavern. The stone walls at the mouth of the cave are embedded with the stone sculpture of Su Dongpo and the poetry inscription of sixteen sights of the Jiaoshan Mountain. From here you can see the beauty of sceneries of the Jiaoshan Mountain. The sixteen sights of the Jiaoshan Mountain include Pine Shadow at the Mountain Gate, Sound of Tides Heard in the Dinghui Temple, Savoring Spring from Withered Trees, Moonlight over the Huayan Temple, the Flower Bed in the Fragrant Woods, Mobao House in Haiyun, Asking the way in Nature Buddhist Convent, Watching Sunset in a Dangerous Tower, An Orchard on Biefeng Peak, Searching for the Immortal in the Grotto, Hidden Inscriptions in a Stone House, Banyans with Green Shade in the Convent Courtyard, A View on the West Bank, New Forests at the East Foot of the Mountain, Worshipping of the Buddha in the River Pavilion and Buddha Dwelling in Anyin.
Ten-thousand-Buddha (Wanfo) Pagoda
It is on the top of the Jiaoshan Mountain. The pagoda, which is as high as 42 meters, has a height of 70.4 meters above sea level. It covers a building area of 583 square meters. The Ten- thousand-Buddha Pagoda is in the style of the Ming and Qing Dynasty with the characteristics of the Yangtze River Delta. It has seven stories with eight plane surfaces with a celestial palace above and an underground palace below. The pagoda has two set of stairs to distribute the flow of visitors and railings outside for them to lean on. The cloister on each storey leads to four directions with eight faces of view. Leaning on the railings and overlooking the distance, you will keep the sceneries of the river and sky in view. In the evening, there are eight light beams emit in the sky, which directs the way for passing ships and people. The courtyard of the pagoda has front and back entrance halls as well as stele corridors and wing rooms on the left and right, which are arranged in an orderly manner and set off against the pagoda.
Jiaoshan Ancient Fortress
At the foot of the east side of the Jiaoshan Mountain, thereare rugged rocks. Eight emplacements tamped with limestone soil in the shape of a fan face the estuary of the Yangtze River. This is just the famous Jiaoshan Fortress. The whole fortress is in the bunker style. Each emplacement is attached with an ammunition depot. There is also a large ammunition depot west of the southern gate of the fortress. The whole fortress is made by pouring the mixture of lime, clay and sand in a hierarchic arrangement and therefore it is extraordinarily solid. During the War of Resistance, the fortress was destroyed by Japanese invaders. The existent site is a provincial-level historical and cultural site under government protection. The Jiaoshan Anti-British Fortress is a significant site of the anti-imperialist struggle in modern China and also witness to the struggle of the people of Zhenjiang against foreign invaders.
Address：Dongwu Road of Zhenjiang City, Jiangsu Province
Solo Adventure Tips:
How to Get There?
You may get there by taking bus route 4.
Recommended time for a visit：One day
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