Measuring 440, 000 square meters, Tiananmen Square is the largest open-air square in the world.It can hold about one million people for public celebration or gatherings. In the square tourists can climb the Tiananmen Rostrum,watchthe daily national flag raising ceremony eary in the morning (the time varies subject to the sunrise), visit the National Museum of China, and go to the Mausoleum of Chairman Mao in which one will see the body of the great Chinese leader.
Note: The Tian'anmen Square is temporarily closed for 13 days from August 22 to September 3 for the preparation of National Day Military Parade.
The Tiananmen Rostrum, standing to the north of the Tiananmen Square, precisely in the south – north central axis of Beijing, was the main gate to the Forbidden City-Palace museum for emperors of Ming and Qing dynasties. It was initially called Cheng Tian Men or the Gate of Carrying the Heaven, which means to shoulder the edict of the Heaven, and obtain the divine power form the Heaven. In the eighth year of emperor Shunzhi's administration, the gate wasrenovated and called Tiananmen. From then on nearly all the important imperial celebrations and events such as the enthronement ofa newemperor, the wedding of the emperor, the rite of going to a battle by the emperor himself, the famous "Imperial Edict Issued by Golden Phoenix, worshipping the Heaven and the earth, and worshipping the five sorts of grainswere held in this square.
Tiananmen Square in the 1950's (Photo source from the web)
Tiananmen Square in the 1970's(Photo source from the web)
Tiananmen Square in the 1990's(Photo source from the web)
Tiananmen Square Now
The magnificent gate has five passages. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the passage in the middle leading to the Forbidden City was particularly reserved for the emperor himself. The emperor went through the central passage on the way to the altars for rituals and other religious activities, for instance. The high-ranking government officials and the empresses, concubines, princess and princesses could only enter the Forbidden City through the side passages, while the ordinary subjects werebanned from enteringthe Forbidden City.That's why the palace complex is called" Forbidden City"..
The 34.7 meters high Tiananmen Rostrum, with glittering yellow glazed tile on the roof and red wall and pillars, is more magnificent in the sunshine. Before the Rostrum are the Golden Water Bridge, the white Huabiao (a pair of ornamental columns made of white marble sculptured with dragon designs. They are also called "slander pillar" for in the ancient time it carried the ordinary people's slanders and suggestions for the emperor) and a pair of big stone lions.
It is located in Chang'an street, Dongcheng district, Beijing.
How to Get There?
1) Take the subway Line one and get off at Tian An Men Xi or Tian An Men Dong
2) Take Tourist Bus No. 1 or No. 5 and get off at Qian Men Station
3) Other Buses that passes by are 1、2、4、5、7、8、9、10、11、17、20、22、31、34、37、44、48、52、53、54、59、110、120、205、、329、509、703、726、728、729、742、744、784、803、808、819、820、821、826、848、859 and 922.
The square is free. Ticket price for the Tian'anmen Square: 15 yuan
8:30 am to 5:00 pm from Monday to Sunday. The ticket office is close at 4:30 pm
Before climbing up to the top of the Tiananmen Tower, one should pass a strict security inspection and tourists are not allowed to bring along their belonging except camera. Time for national flag raise celemony is showed on the eletronic screen standing in front of the Tian'anmen Tower or one can consult the newspaper such as Beijing evening or the Internet for the timetable of next day's flag raise. Tourist attractions in the vicinity of the square are the Monument of the National Hero, the Great Hall of People, the National Museum of China, the Mausoleum of Chaiman Mao, the Zhongshan Park, the Forbidden City, the Cultural Palace of the Working People, (the Temple of the Royal Ancestry), the Zhengyang Gate (Qianmen), the Arrow Gate and the Dashilan of Qianmen.
Through zebra crossing, visitors can get into the Tiananmen Square. If visitors want to go to the Forbidden City from Tiananmen Square, there are barrier free accesses on the northeast exit of Tiananmen Square. Pass the tunnel, visitors can arrive in the north side of the square. From here, visitors can go to the Forbidden City.